mitamaya - mausoleum


mitamaya 御霊屋 mausoleum
tamaya, rei-oku 霊屋, o-tamaya お霊屋, reibyoo 霊廟
sorei 祖霊 spirit of an ancestor 
sojin, soshin, oyagami 祖神 spirits of ancestral deities
ujigami 氏神 tutelary deity, guardian/patron deity

source : zuiganji.or.jp
O-tamaya at temple Zuigan-Ji, for Yootoku-In 陽徳院 (princess Megohime 愛姫 (1568 - 1653))

A place or facility for enshrining the spirits of ancestors or noble persons; also called otamaya or reibyō. Ancient domestic rites were observed with the fourth- (or second-) month ritual of kinensai (spring festival), and the eleventh-month harvest festival of niinamesai, at which times ancestral tutelaries (ujigami or yakatsukami) were feted together with the deity of foodstuffs Ukanomitama and the hearth deity known as kamadogami.
One theory proposed for this overlapping system of worship is based on the assumed ancient understanding that the spirits of ancestral deities (sojin) were originally the spirits received from the rice grain.

From the Heian period, however, the cult of vengeful spirits (onryō) arose, and the popularity of the Pure Land cult and the overall social unease of the times contributed to the spread of ceremonies performed for the repose of the dead. This led to a decline in the earlier spring and fall ujigami rituals, and in their place, it became customary to invite the spirits of the dead to return in the first month and for the urabon-e (or obon) festivals held on the fifteenth day of the seventh month.

In the medieval period the practice arose of enshrining the spirits of dead individuals, as seen in the example of memorial tablets for Emperor Gotoba, and the early modern period saw an increase in the practice of holding so-called "Shinto funerals" (shinsōsai), in which individual humans were treated as kami.
Under the Yoshida house of ritualists, such posthumous kami were conferred spirit ranks such as Myōjin-gō, Reisha, and Reijin-gō, and they were sometimes also worshipped at shrines.

With the spread of National Learning (Kokugaku), it became more common to enshrine the spirits of ancestors or sorei within ordinary homes, and the location where such ancestral spirits were enshrined was called a soreisha or mitamaya. According to Shinto custom, the mitamaya is independent from the household Shinto altar (kamidana) and located on a slightly lower level.
source : Okada Yoshiyuki, Kokugakuin 2005

Shinsōsai 神葬祭 Shinsosai, Shinto Funeral Rites
The term shinsōsai refers to funeral rites conducted according to Shinto, as opposed to Buddhist, tradition. In the Edo period, by dictate of the Tokugawa shogunate, all Japanese families were required to be registered with a Buddhist temple as part of efforts to suppress Christianity; also as part of this policy, Buddhist funerals were likewise prescribed. Nevertheless, many Shinto clergy considered theirs to be the indigenous faith, and some petitioned the government for permission to conduct Shinto funerary rites, basing their appeal on the shogunate's own rules pertaining to the Shinto priesthood (Shosha negi-kannushi-sho-hatto). Thus, during the Edo Period, even Shinto funerals came to be performed in some localities.
. . . the main rituals comprising the rite are:
(1) makura-naoshi no gi (pillow-adjustment rite);
(2) nōkan no gi (coffin rite);
(3) kyūzen-nikku no gi (rite of providing daily food offerings to the deceased);
(4) ubusuna-jinja ni kiyū-hōkoku (rite of reporting to the deities the return of the spirit to their natal shrine);
(5) bosho-jichinsai or batsujo no gi (gravesite ground-breaking or purification rite);
(6) tsuyasai no gi (a ritual wake);
(7) senrei no gi (rite for transferring the deceased spirit);
(8) hakkyūsai no gi (rite to send the coffin off from the room);
(9) hakkyū- go-batsujo no gi (room purification rite after sending off the coffin);
(10) sōjōsai no gi (grave-side rites);
(11) maisōsai or kasōsai no gi (interment or crematory rite);
(12) the kikasai no gi (the rite of the family's return home).

source : Motegi Sadazumi, Kokugakuin 2007

. goryoo, onryoo 御霊、怨霊 vengeful spirits .
Goryoo Matsuri 御霊祭 Goryo Festival  
at the shrine Goryo Jinja in Kyoto.

. ujigami 氏神 tutelary deity, guardian/patron deity, clan deity .

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .


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Tsugaru Clan mausoleum, located in Aomori, Hirosaki town 弘前市西茂森1丁目23-8

kono oku ni Tsugaru-ke tamaya ubayuri saku

further in the back
is the Tsugaru clan mausoleum -
faded beauty lilies

Takazawa Ryooichi 高澤良一 Takazawa Ryoichi

. WKD : Ubayuri lily - 姥ユリ lit. "old woman lily" "old lady lilly" .
Cardiocrinum cordatum

. Daruma and Glass from Tsugaru 津軽のガラス .


mitamaya no sukoshi mieiru waka kaede

the mausoleum
is a little bit visible -
young maple leaves

Nomura Hakugetsu 野村泊月 ( 1882 - 1961)

. WKD : wakakaede 若楓 young leaves of the maple tree .
kigo for summer


Takahama Kyoshi 高浜虚子


. kamidana 神棚 household Shinto altar, "shelf for the Gods" .



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