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Showing posts with label - - - X Y Z - - -. Show all posts

19/08/2017

Yama no Kami 06 Regional

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .
. Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami - Introduction .
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Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
and Legends from Ehime 愛媛県




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山の神硝子工房 Yamanokami Glass Factory
360 Tamagawacho Koya, Imabari, Ehime Prefecture 794-0115 / 愛媛県今治市玉川町高野360



- reference source : yamanokami-glass.jimdo.com -


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Yamanokami Kosenjo 山の神古戦場 - War Landmark in Matsuyama
799-2468, Ogawa, Matsuyama, Ehime Prefecture 799-2468



In memory of a battle in 1179, remembering Minamoto no Yoritomo 源 頼朝 (1147 - 1199) and 河野通清 Kono Michikiyo (? - 1181).
Michikiyo killed himself 大松 under a huge pine tree.
The tree lasted until 1965, when it dried of old age.


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ツール・ド・玉川 - 山の神降臨 Tour de Tamagawa - Yamanokami Korin



An event to enjoy the villages, gorges and peaks of Japan.
The tour is 68 km long and climbs to an altitude of 1604 m.
- reference source : cyclesports.jp/depo... -


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....................................................................... Ehime 愛媛県 .....


. Yama no Kami matsuri 山の神祭り Yamanokami festivals .
山の神の火祭り Yamanokami Fire Festival at 内子町 Uchiko

. Yamanokami and okoze 虎魚 / 鰧魚 / オコゼ stonefish .
. Yamanokami and yamainu 山犬 wolf .


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On the first day of the New Year, farmers are not allowed to go to the mountain forest or the fields.
On the 20th day of the New Year, Yamanokami comes out and again farmers do not go to the mountain forest.
On 盆の16日 the 16th during the O-Bon rituals for the ancestors it is taboo to go fishing.
On doyo no ushi no hi 土用の丑の日 (a day in mid July) the special dog day of Doyo
it is taboo to make 味噌 Miso paste.

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今治市 Imabari city

. muenbotoke 無縁仏 graves of the unknown pilgrims .
and their spirits possessing humans

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今治市 Imabari 玉川町 Tamagawa

Yamanokami no Shoogatsu 山の神の正月 New Year of Yamanokami
The ninth day of the first lunar month is the "New Year of Yamanokami".
If people go to the mountain forest for work, they will met with divine punishment.
They also make special offerings to Yamanokami.
Every month on the 9th day there is a taboo of cutting down trees.

This "New Year of Yamanokami" is also celebrated in 新潟県 Niigata.


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浮穴郡 Kamiukena district 久方町 Hisakata-cho

Yamanokami gets angry easily and curses peopole.
The old mountain hag, 山姥 Yamanba, is an incarnation of Yamanokami.
But she also brings a good harvest if venerated properly.


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喜多郡 Kita district

shiroi mizu 白い水 white water
Deep in the mountain there is Yamauba Jinja 山婆神社, often called バアサン Baa-San and also shrine Oyamatsumi Jinja 大山祇神社, where Yamanokami is venerated.
There is a huge boulder with two small caves. On the right cave ヤマノジサ Yama no Jisa (Grandfather) is venerated, on the left side ヤマノバサ Yama no Basa (Grandmother).
In olden times there was white water coming out from a hole between 山の爺さん Grandfather and 山の婆さん Grandmother. (They used this hole to talk to each other, says the legend.)
The water has been sent to the prefectural government for analysis and found to be quite healthy. So many people came here to get it. The water was also known to cure ear diseases, help weak children and grant an easy birth.
They said the water was white because Grandmother uses it daily to wash her rice.
Nowadays there is just normal water flowing there and if bad people come, it stopped flowing.
Grandfather was also called 金時さん Kintoki San.

. Yamanba, Yamauba 山姥 / 山婆 Yamanba "mountain hag" .

- - - - -

If Yamanokami talks to a person, they should not try to argue with him.
In the hamlet 帯江 Obie there is a small sanctuary above the home of the 中村氏 Nakamura family, where Yamanokami is venerated.

- - - - -

Ashi nashi tengu 足なし天狗 Tengu without feet
On the left of the sanctuary for Yamanokami there is a rock called 足なし天狗の足休めの岩 "Rock where the Tengu without feet rests his legs"
Once a forest worker was cutting a tree the rock when he had the feeling someone was stomping on his head repeatedly. He got angry and swung his ax in the space above his head - and indeed cut off the feet of the Tengu. The Tengu was not clever enough to sense what the man was up to so he got his legs cut off.
The Tengu in this region are also seen as a kind of kaze no kamisama 風の神様 God of the Wind.

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .



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松山市 Matsuyama

The 12th day of the 12th lunar month was called
hate no hatsuka 果ての二十日 the final day 20 .
This is an evil day. To avoid angering Yamanokami, people should not enter a mountain.
In former times victims used to be beheaded on this day.
In 怒和 Nuwa it is called ミテの二十日 mite no hatsuka.
It is taboo to go to the forest or go fishing or to cut material to make robes.
At 大浦 Oura it is the day of the festival for Yamanokami.
On this day it is taboo to go to the forest.

. hate no hatsuka 果ての二十日 the final day 20 .

- - - - -

On the 20th day of the first luner month, people prepare a special meal for Yamanokami. If the smoke of the fire while preparing this food comes to the eyes, the person will go blind.

. Yama no Kami matsuri 山の神祭り Yamanokami festivals .
西条市 Saijo and others


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南宇和郡 Minami-Uwa district

14 families who did not venerate Yamanokami were cursed and their houses burned down.
When they asked a Shaman about it,
It seems they had chopped vegetables and left them on the stone hearth (ishiguro 石グロ), which is the living quarter of the Deity.

- - - - -

. shishi misaki シシミサキ "Wild Boar Misaki Deity" .


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西条市 Saijo

inu hito sanjin 犬人三神 "Two Dogs and one man as three deities"
At a small sanctuary at 川来須 Kawagurusu the person 伊藤綱次郎 Ito Kojiro is venerated as a deity.
Once upon a time there was a famous hunter in Kuwagurusu, who could throw a spear skillfully. He went hunting with his two beloved dogs, one white and one black. He was attacked by a bear and killed.
The two dogs decided to take revenge for their master, killed the bear and then killed themselves.
This episode is remembered as "Two Dogs and one man as three deities".
Kojiro is now venerated together with Yamanokami as the protector of the area. If someone walks past and happens to see the two dogs, he must return home fast, otherwise he will have bad luck.

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Yamanokami no ki 山の神の木 The Tree of Yamanokami
If someone tries to cut down this kind of tree, he will be cursed, get all red in the face and almost faint.
He has to turn to the Northern direction fast, sit down and be fanned with a mino 箕 straw coat three times to get better.

. shinboku 神木, shinju 神樹 sacred tree, divine tree .


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四国中央市 Shikoku Chuo Town 富郷町 Tomisato

Yamanokami no ki 山の神の木 The Tree of Yamanokami
It is not allowed to cut a tree of Yamanokami. The huge trees at the top of the mountain are resting places for the local Tengu and if cut down, the person will be cursed.
A bifurcated tree with two stems is called heigushi ヘイグシ(幣串) "Shinto purification wand" and it is strictly taboo to cut down such a tree.



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周桑郡 Shuso district 丹原 Tanbara  小松町 Komatsu

Tengu 天狗 at mount Ishizuchisan 石槌山
Once a man took off early in the morning to be the first to climb Mount Ishizuchisan, when a man carrying a young boy on his shoulders came down the path, all clad in white robes.
They greeted each other and when the man turned around a moment later to observe the two climb further down, they were already gone. It must have been Yamanokami, who did not want a human to be the first in the morning on the mountain, who got angry. So he had asked his disciple, the Tengu, to interrupt the man on his climb.

. Hōkibō 法起坊天狗 Tengu Hoki-Bo, Hokibo .
石鎚山法起坊 / 石槌山法起坊 - Ishizuchizan Hoki-Bo

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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -

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. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .

from Fukui 福井県 to 山梨県 Yamanashi - will be updated.

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- - - - - . Join the Updates of Facebook ! . - - - - -


. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- #yamanokami #godofthemountains #tanokami #ehimeyamanokami -
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Yama no Kami 05 Regional

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .
. Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami - Introduction .
:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
and Legends from Aichi, Aomori and Chiba
- - - - - and the sacred 榊 Sakaki Tree
- - - - - and hakuba 白馬 riding on a white horse


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. sakaki さかき / サカキ /榊 Sakaki tree, Cleyera japonica .
Its branches are used for Shinto rituals.


Legends with Yamanokami and Sakaki are included below.

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....................................................................... Aichi 愛知県 .....
豊田市 Toyota

kitsune 狐 a fox
Once a man regularly had the urge to defecate at a place sacred to Yamanokami. Every time as he squatted, he heard a strange sound of petapeta petapeta.
When he came next time, the faeces were gone, someone had eaten them. And sometimes he saw a beautiful young temple acolyte walking by.
Once he peeked between his legs and saw a fox, standing on his front legs, wiggeling with his tail, waiting for the feces - food.






....................................................................... Aomori 青森県 .....



岩木山の神と鬼 Gods and Demons from Mount Iwakisan (Aomori)
畠山篤 Hatakeyama Atsushi

第1章 
岩木山の神の由来譚の生成― 百沢寺・イタコ・村人の語り(百沢寺が語る岩木山権現由来譚;二つ目の丹後日和の由来;三つ目の丹後日和の由来;丹後日和の背景と変容;イタコが語る“お岩木様一代記” ほか)
第2章 
岩木山の鬼と水利伝承― 津軽の鬼・山人・大人(鬼・山人・大人伝承の分布と分類;単純型;山幸型;農耕型;鉄器型 ほか)




....................................................................... Chiba 千葉県 .....
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長生郡 Chosei district 長柄町 Nagara

trees sacred to Yamanokami, not to be cut down in ti town of Nagara
-- tarai no ki タライの木 Ilex latifolia - it is used for funeral equipment.
(tarayoo タラヨウ / 多羅葉)
-- Trees growing near a shrine or place sacred to Inari Sama
-- sakaki 榊 Sakaki tree, Cleyera japonica

Yama no Kamisama 山の神様
The 金比羅 Konpira Shrine is dedicated to Yamanokami. On nights with a full moon the God comes out, has a drink and sings.
Yamanokami is also linked to 天狗 Tengu.

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夷隅郡 Isumi district 御宿町 Onjuku

Yama no Kami San 山の神さん - white horse
Day 19 and 20 of the first lunar month are dedicated to Yamanokami.
Once an old woman went to her mountain anyway when she saw a person on hakuba 白馬 a white horse, wearing red robes and making her terribly afraid. She apologized but suddenly all went black around her. When she came to her senses, people had thrown water on her to wake her up.

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八千代市 Yachio

Yamanokami 山の神
A man named 蜂谷竹吉 Hachiya Takekichi had been spirited away (kamikakushi カミカクシ) by Yamanokami when he was in primary school.
When he came back he had a bruise at his temple and did not remember anything.







....................................................................... Fukui 福井県 .....
武生市 Takefu town 坂口村 Sakaguchi

白馬 white horse
. Yamanokami brings the first snow .





....................................................................... Fukushima 福島県 .....
南会津郡 Minami-Aizu district 桧枝岐村 Hinoemata

Yamanokami Sama 山の神様 - Sakaki
Once the ancestors of two hunter families, サルマ Saruma and アラバ Araba were in the mountains hunting bears when they witnessed the female Yamanokami giving birth.
The Araba hunters left the place soon and did not help.
The Saruma hunters made a ritual wand with the Sakaki tree branch to purify the place.
The Araba later ate the meat of the bear, but all died.





....................................................................... Kochi 高知県 .....

炭焼達 charcoal makers who own only a small mountain forest do not worry about using the Sakaki tree.
But the owners of large mountain forests respect the Sakaki as a "taboo tree".

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幡多郡 Hata district 大正町 Taishocho

Yamanokami 山の神 - Sakaki
The Sakaki trees located between the mountain and the valley are the seat of Yamanokami and can not be cut down.
谷榊うね榊 (尾根 une). This tree is an imi-ki 忌み木 "taboo tree".

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中村市 Nakamura town

Yamanokami 山の神 - Sakaki
Sakaki trees that have grown very large in the mountain forest are sacred to Yamanokami and not to be cut down.

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土佐郡 Tosa district

Yamanokami 山の神 - Sakaki
Once a young man came home from working in the mountain forest when his leg begun to hurt very much. When asking a 太夫 Shaman about it, he was told it was the curse of Yamanokami for cutting down his sacred tree. He apologized and brought sacred branches of Sakaki and kashiwa 柏 oak. At the root of the tree they offered 12 白餅 white mochi rice cakes and buried them under the low branches. After all that, his pain was soon better.





....................................................................... Kumamoto 熊本県 .....
玉名郡 Tamana district 玉東町 Gyokuto - 木葉 Konoha hamlet

Yamanokami 山の神 - Sakaki
The origin of 木葉猿 Konoha Saru 木の葉猿 monkey from Konoha
In the year 723 the tradition started with a monkey as the messenger from the deity Yamanokami. The monkey had a rather red face and a long nose.
His name was given as 真榊の真幸 Ma-Sakaki no Masaki.


meshikui zaru 飯喰猿 monkey eating rice balls

These monkeys are made from special sacred red earth and are all hand-twisted, thus all have an individual touch.
Now they are well-loved amulets to ward off evil and disaster, prevent illness and keep a happy family.


source : niconiconico

The original kiln in Konoha makes 15 different types of monkeys.
The name of the village was then written like this, meaning
tooth of a tiger 虎の歯 (このは)
where refugees from the capital lived. One of them had a dream sent from the deity of
Kasuga Daimyoojin 春日大明神 to use the clay of the local mountain 汝等雨山 and make the monkeys as his messengers.

木の葉猿窯元 Konoha Kiln
〒869-0303 熊本県玉名郡玉東町木葉60



. Mingei 民芸 Folk art from Kumamoto .





....................................................................... Miyazaki 宮崎県 .....
児湯郡 Koyu district 都農町 Tsuno

白馬 white horse
Once there was a strange sound in the village, カツ、カツ、カツ gatsu gatus gatsu . . .
The young men of the village wanted to find out what this was about so they got up early and hid.
They saw a beautiful strong white horse riding in the morning mist.
This story became quite famous and since the horse usually disappeared in the deep mountain forest, they were sure it was Yamanokami riding it.





....................................................................... Shimane 島根県 .....
飯石郡 Iishi district

Yamanokami San 山の神さん - Sakaki
At 穴見谷 Anamidani and 大向 Omukai there are special rituals on the 14th,
At 井原谷 Ibaradani there are special rituals on the 16th.
The evening of these days is called ホトホト Hotohoto.
Young men make 藁で馬 horses of straw, calling Hotohoto and throwing one at each home.
This sacred horse is placed on the shelf where Yamanokami is revered.
He is also called Aragami 荒神 Wild God and people place Sakaki branches to appease him.




....................................................................... Yamagata 山形県 .....
岩野村 Iwano mura village

白馬 white horse
獄山 Takesan at the beginning of the climbing trail at Iwano Village is said to be a place for Yamanokami.
In the 天正 Taisho period, the God became angry, caused a huge mountain slide and earth and sand flow down to the village, covering all.
After the devastation, a white horse was seen riding straight to the sky.





....................................................................... Yamanashi 山梨県 .....
南都留郡 Minami-Tsuru district 山中湖村 Yamanakako village

白馬 white horse
A Rokubu pilgrim once had a dream of Yamanokami riding a white horse. Yamanokami told him that a man named 楽ジン Rakujin ("easy going" and a kojiki 乞食 beggar-priest's wife had become pregnant.
When he got up next morning, he found the pregnant woman.
The daughter of the beggar-priest eventually married the son of Rakujin and for three years they lived an easy life (raku 楽). Then his parents found out she was the daughter of a beggar-priest, they had to divorce and the girl had to go away to work.
After that, the easy-going Rakujin had no more fun and his life went downhill.

. 六部 Rokubu pilgrimage, Rokubu pilgrim .


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- - - - - Japanese Legends about Yamanokami - - - - -

. Yamanokami - Legends from Ehime 愛媛県 .

from Fukui 福井県 to 山梨県 Yamanashi - will be updated.




source : foshanshuan.pixnet.net/album...
木雕工藝佛具-白馬神駒 - A white horse from China


. uma 馬 koma 駒伝説 horse legends .

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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -


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- - - - - . Join the Updates of Facebook ! . - - - - -


. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- #yamanokami #godofthemountains #tanokami -
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18/08/2017

Yama no Kami 04 Individuals

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Introduction .
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Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
and Individual Mountain Peak Deities


Yama no Kami of a Satoyama village forest is usually anonymous.

But many high mountain peaks have their own protector deity.

. Fujisan 富士山 Mount Fuji, Fujiyama .
the highest mountain in Japan
Sengen Daibosatsu 浅間大菩薩
Asama no Okami 浅間大神, Asama Daimyōjin 浅間大明神, Asama Gongen 浅間権現



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....................................................................... Akita 秋田県 .....

Sankichi Oni  サンキチ鬼 The Demon Sankichi
三吉さん - サンキチサン Sankichi San / 秋田三吉さん Akita Sankichi San


source : blogs.yahoo.co.jp/akiyamagaku...

protector deity of 太平山の守護神 Mount Taiheizan 太平山 (1,170 m)

Sankichi san was a very huge, strong man who could carry a cannon in both arms while walking the mountains.
He was born in 稲庭 Inaniwa and would win any bout of Sumo wrestling with ease.
He worked for a merchant for some time and when the apprenticeship was ended, the merchant told him to carry whatever he could and take it back home. Next morning the master looked in his barn and found that all the rice had gone and only two bundles were left. Sankichi had carried all of them on his back.
Once there was a fire and the six-year old daughter of a relative was seen on a roof, putting out the blaze.
Later they thought this must have been Sankichi, shapeshifted in the form of a young child.

When the army was in trouble during the 日清戦争 Sino-Japanese War in 1895, Sankichi came carrying a cannon and helped them to fight the enemy.



At the shrine 三吉神社 Miyoshi Jinja he is venerated as 戦の神様 a god of war.
三吉 Miyoshi is another reading for Sankichi.



- HP of the Shrine
秋田県秋田市広面字赤沼3の2 / Akanuma-3-2 Hiroomote, Akita Town
- reference source : miyoshi.or.jp/information... -

- quote -
The Miyoshi Shrine is a Shinto shrine built in 673 AD (originally at the top of Mt. Taihei, it was rebuilt at this location in 1977) that sees over 800,000 visitors a year. Like most other shrines and temples in Japan, it gets crowded in the New Year when people come to wish for good health, prosperity, and happiness. ... Where today ordinary people and middle aged business men pray at this shrine, the Edo period saw the Satake samurai clan as one of many who paid regular visits to the Miyoshi Shrine.
The torii or gate at the shrine
has on display two komainu statues, lion-dogs that are meant to guard the entrance. One statue has its mouth open, the other closed. The open mouth, as if to say ‘ah’, symbolises birth. The closed mouth, as if to say ‘um’, symbolises closure or death. Together, the two forces protect the shrine from evil spirits and welcome those coming to worship and pray.
- source : en.japantravel.com/akita... - Victoria Kamila


- quote -
Sankichi Oni  サンキチ鬼 The Demon Sankichi



Sankichi Oni is a Japanese Yokai monster folklore in Akita Prefecture.
Sankichi Oni loves drinking. It appears at a local pub from a mountain it lives. Sankichi Oni always leaves without paying, but it'll come back in midnight and leave logs which are 10 times more valuable than the bill of its drink. However, that only happens when not asking for payment. If asked for payment, Sankichi Oni would curse.
- source : shotakotake.deviantart.com/art/Sankichi-Oni... -


source : tinami.com/view...

This strong Sankichi would also help villagers to move heave luggage in exchange for a barrel of Sake ricewine. Even the local Daimyo Lord sometimes made use of his strength.
The legends about the Demon Sankichi eventually concentrated around Mount Taiheizan.

. sanki 山鬼, yama no oni 山の鬼 Mountain Oni Demon Legends .
Yama Kijin 山鬼神 Sankijin Mountain Demon Deity
Once the pious mother got lost in the mountains. Eventually they heard that she had become the wife on the Mountain Demon Deity from 太平山 Mount Taiheizan.
Her friends tried to bring her back, but could not find her. Later she came back, telling them she also went to 出羽三山 the Three Mountains of Dewa.


....................................................................... Wakayama 和歌山県 .....

. Hyooze no Matsuwaka 兵生の松若と伝説 Matsuwaka from Hyoze .


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. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- #yamanokami #godofthemountains -
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Yama no Kami 03 Tengu

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Introduction .
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Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
and Tengu 天狗 the Mountain Goblin




. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List .

- collecting
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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. Yamanokami, 山犬 Yamainu (wolf) and Tengu - Legends .



....................................................................... Aichi 愛知県 .....

山の神 Yamanokami,yamainu, yama-inu 山犬 wolf
Yamanokami venerated as a wolf and Tengu live in the deep and high mountains and are venerated there.

.......................................................................
宝飯郡 Hai district 音羽町 Otowa

A Tengu (other sources quote Yamanokami) stood on a large boulder. On 山の講の日 the Day of Mountain God Rituals, the villagers came close and Tengu took a sharp look at them, calling each one by his name. Since then, the villagers did not dare to go to the mountain again on that day.





....................................................................... Yamanashi 山梨県 .....

torii-gi 鳥居木 a tree named Torii

山にある鳥居木と呼ばれる木を伐ることを忌む。倒してしまった大木が山の神や天狗が遊ぶ木なら祟りがあるので、小枝を切ってこの木で代わりに遊んでくれるように祈る。

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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -
100 to explore (01)

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. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- #yamanokami #godofthemountains #tanokami -
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Yama no Kami 02 Kappa

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Introduction .
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Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
and Kappa the Water Goblin




. 河童 / かっぱ / カッパ - Kappa, the Water Goblin of Japan! .


. hyoosubo ヒョウスボ カッパ /兵主坊 Hyosubo .
Suiten 水天, 水神 deity of the water and also deity of the mountains (Yama no Kami 山の神)


. かりこ坊 Karikobo is venerated as Yama no Kami .
Miyazaki


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


....................................................................... Kagoshima 鹿児島県 .....
大島郡 瀬戸内町

旧10月の庚の日は山の神々が海に魚釣りをしに行く日だと言い、山にも海にも行ってはならない。山では神が山の尾根を通るので岩の崩れる音がする。


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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -
20 to explore (01)

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. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- #yamanokami #godofthemountains #tanokami -
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Yama no Kami - Reference

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Introduction .
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Ta no Kami 田の神 God of the Rice Fields
Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
- Reference, Books and Links -


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Hatakeyama 畠山篤 Hatakeyama Atsushi


岩木山の神と鬼 Gods and Demons from Mount Iwakisan (Aomori)

第1章 
岩木山の神の由来譚の生成― 百沢寺・イタコ・村人の語り(百沢寺が語る岩木山権現由来譚;二つ目の丹後日和の由来;三つ目の丹後日和の由来;丹後日和の背景と変容;イタコが語る“お岩木様一代記” ほか)
第2章 
岩木山の鬼と水利伝承― 津軽の鬼・山人・大人(鬼・山人・大人伝承の分布と分類;単純型;山幸型;農耕型;鉄器型 ほか)bbb


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- - - - - Books about 田の神 - - - - -


田の神図鑑―鹿児島風土記 Kagoshima Fudoki



田の神まつりの歴史と民俗
森田悌、 金田久璋


薩摩の田の神さぁ ― 榊晃弘写真集 Satsuma no Ta no Kamisaa
榊 晃弘

稲の祭と田の神さま―失われゆく田んぼの歳時記
酒井 卯作

田の神と森山の神
下野 敏見

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- - - - - Books about 山の神 - - - - -


山の神 / ネリー・ナウマン, Nelly Naumann

昭和38‐39年に独文で発表され、書名のみ知られながら、ほとんどだれも本格的に取りくみ、論じようとしなかった民俗学=民族学の画期的論著の完訳。猟師および山稼ぎ人の山の神、古栽培民(焼畑農耕民)の山の神、農耕民の山の神の文化層をはじめて析出し、「山の神」信仰の汎世界的な資料を紹介しながら位置づけた幻の名著。
- further explanation of the contents :
- reference source : kinokuniya.co.jp... -

Nelly Nauman (1922 - 2000) - Obituary
- source : Nanzan Institute for Religion and Culture -

Nelly Nauman was German.
Yama no kami, die Gottheit der Jager und Waldarbeiter
Yama no kami — die japanische Berggottheit
"Susanoo und Yama no kami"

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山の神/神々の誕生 |/ 吉野裕子 Yoshino Hiroko (1916 - 2008)

山の神 易・五行と日本の原始蛇信仰 / 吉野裕子

山の神と日本人―山の神信仰から探る日本の基層文化 / 佐々木高明

山の神さま・仏さま 面白くてためになる山の神仏の話 / 太田昭彦

- more to google -



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- - - - - Links about 田の神 - - - - -

山の神・田の神 - Information
- reference source : shinshizo.com... -



Ta-no-kami: “Kami of the rice paddy,” a tutelary of rice production.
locally called Ta no Kansa
It is possible that the Ta-no-kami (lit. the “Ta” deity) may have been derived from the The Hindu Danu, Eurasian Proto-Indo-European Dana/Danu->Da deity.
- - - - - very long essay
- source : japanesemythology.wordpress.com/ta-no-kami-god-of-the-rice-paddy -

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- - - - - Links about 山の神 - - - - -



Yama no Kami Mai 舞い Kagura dance
山の神舞は大山祇命オオヤマズミノミコトの勇壮にして豪快な舞。
- reference source : tohoku21.net/kagura/kagura... -


山の神・田の神 - 民俗学のテーマ
申八梵王 Saruhachi Bonno deity
伊吹山の山の神は「白猪」
- reference source : shinshizo.com... -


尺殿明神 : 伊賀市白樫、岡八幡宮の山ノ神
- reference source : blog.goo.ne.jp/pzm4366/e... -


Yama no Kami Onsen 温泉 - Hanamaki, Iwate

Yama no Kami men 面 - masks for Noh


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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -

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. Ta no Kami, Ta-no-Kami 田の神 Tanokami, God of the Fields .

. - Yama no Kami 山の神 Introduction - .
. - Yama no Kami and Fudo Myo-O .
. - Yama no Kami and Kappa .
. - Yama no Kami and Oni .
. - Yama no Kami and Tengu .
. - Individual Mountain Peak Deities .
. - Regional Legends - From Aichi to Yamanashi .
. - Haiku and Kigo 俳句と季語 .
.......... yama no kami matsuri 山の神祭 Festival of Yama no Kami, December 12

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sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- #yamanokamireference #godofthemountains #tanokami -
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Yama no Kami Legends

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. kami 神 Shinto deities .
. Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami, Kami of the Fields - Introduction .
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Yama no Kami, Yama-no-Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
Introduction and Legends


Yama no Kami is an important deity of the rice farming communities and comes in many colors in rural Japan.
Yama here refers to the
. Satoyama 里山 "Village Mountain Forest" .
In Spring he comes down to the rice fields to protect the harvest, then called
Ta no Kami 田の神 God of the Fields
paddy field kami, god of the rice paddies, spirit of the rice field
Ta no Kami is the busier part of this two-fold deity.

In Autumn after the harvest, Ta no Kami goes back to the Satoyama mountain or forest behind the village to take a rest and collect strength for the next season.
There are many stone monuments in his honour near the fields and at roadsides.
During festivals in his honor, people hang paintings in their home or the local Shinto shrine to venerate this deity.
Some Yama no Kami have even taken on rather individual features of a local hero.




(2) yama no kami - A god of the mountains who is worshiped by hunters, charcoal-burners, and woodcutters.
The deity enshrined is Ôyamatsumi no mikoto or Konohanasakuyahime. There are various traditions connected with the worship of this yama no kami, but the practice of offering an ocean fish called okoze is particularly widespread.
This deity is thought to differ from the yama no kami of farming communities described above.
source : kokugakuin

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- - - - - Table of Contents - - - - -

. Ta no Kami, Ta-no-Kami 田の神 Tanokami, God of the Fields - Introduction .

. - Yama no Kami 山の神 - Introduction - . (this page)
. - Yama no Kami and Fudo Myo-O . (this page)
. - Yama no Kami and Kappa .
. - Yama no Kami and Oni . (this page)
. - Yama no Kami and Okoze stone fish .
. - Yama no Kami and Tengu .
. - Yama no Kami and the sacred Sakaki tree .
. - Yama no Kami riding a white horse .
. - Individual Mountain Peak Deities .
. - Regional Legends - From Aichi to Yamanashi .
. - Yama no Kami matsuri festivals .
. - Haiku and Kigo 俳句と季語 for Yama no Kami .
. Yama no Kami - various news items .

- - - - - Yamanokami has some animal messengers :
. Sarugami 猿神 The Monkey Deity .
. Inugami 犬神 The Wolf Deity .
. inoshishi 猪 wild boar .

- . Ta no Kami, Yama no Kami - Reference, Books and Links .

. sanki, yama-oni, yamaoni 山鬼の鬼伝説 / ヤマオニ .
- yama no oni 山の鬼 Mountain Oni Demon Legends -




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- - - - - Yama no Kami - Introduction - - - - -

- quote -
Yamanokami - "Kami of the mountain."
While the term yama no kami is a general expression referring to any kami dwelling in a mountain, a number of differences exist between low-land agriculturalists and mountain folk (people who make their living from various forestry or mountain-related occupations) in the character of their yama no kami and respective ways of worshiping such kami. While the expression yama no kami is found throughout Japan, other locale-specific terms also exist, including sanjin, jūniyamakami, osatosama, and sagamisama.

Agriculturalists in many parts of Japan share the belief that the yama no kami and ta no kami (rice field kami) share a dual identity, traveling between mountain and village in spring and fall. In the spring, the yama no kami descends from the mountain and enters the rice field, where it becomes the ta no kami which looks over the growth of grain. Following the fall harvest, the ta no kami leaves the rice paddy and returns to the mountain, where it becomes the yama no kami until the next spring. This phenomenon indicates that the kami involved is conceived of as a single entity sharing both characterstics of yama no kami and ta no kami, and leading to a widely accepted theory that the kami's original identity was that of an ancestral spirit.

For Japanese farmers, the yama no kami represents a tutelary of agriculture responsible for bringing the water that is most crucial to rice farming. In contrast, the mountain peoples who make their livings by hunting, charcoal burning and forestry generally consider the yama no kami a tutelary of the mountain, but they do not share agriculturalists' belief that the yama no kami and ta no kami alternate between mountain and rice paddy. While some agriculturalists believe that the yama no kami is female, mountain peoples extend the concept by saying that the yama no kami bears twelve children each year, thus representing a kami with strong reproductive capabilities, and in some areas leading to an identification with the ubugami, a tutelary of infants and childbirth (see also ubusunagami). Further, woodturners (latheusing woodworkers called kijishi or rokuroshi), consider the yama no kami to be a married pair, and thus enshrine paired male and female images of the kami.

Mountain people's practices regarding the yama no kami tend to involve strict taboos or imi, for example, prohibitions against entering the mountain on the day of the kami's festival: since the kami counts the mountain's trees on that day; it is said that anyone cutting down a tree that day will be pinned under it and die. The yama no kami is also sometimes said to dislike women, or to be adverse to the pollutions of childbirth and menstruation. Some say that the yama no kami is an ugly hag, with the result that rituals are performed to flatter the kami by offering her items thought to be even uglier, in hopes she will respond by granting worshipers blessings from the mountains. This belief was thus linked to the practice of offering stonefish to the kami of the mountain.
- source : Kokugakuin, Iwai Hiroshi -


. ubusunagami, chinjugami, ubugami 産神 "deity of birth" .
and deities of personal worship

.......................................................................

Yama no Kami 山の神 has only one eye
Amanomahitotsu no kami 天目一箇神 / Amatsumara 天津麻羅
- "the one-eyed kami of heaven"



source : google.co.jp

- quote -
Amatsumara 天津麻羅
Other names: Amenomahitotsu no kami (Kogo shūi)
A kami of ironworking (kajishin).
Kojiki states that as the blacksmith of the Plain of High Heaven, Amatsumara was called upon to refine the iron used for making mirrors, using the "hard rocks of heaven" and the "metal mountain of heaven" located above the "Tranquil River of Heaven" (Amenoyasukawa). Together with Ishikoridome, he was said to have assisted in the making of the mirror used to lure Amaterasu from her hiding place in the rock cave of heaven. The name Amatsumara means ma-ura ("eye divination"), which some believe means "one-eyed," a reference to an occupational hazard of blacksmiths.
..... Mori Mizue, 2005, Kokugakuin

This deity is also called
noogami 農神 / ノウガミ様 No-gami - obosuna sama オボスナ様 / おぼすな様 Obosuna, Ubusuna deity
deity for agriculture, especially the rice fields and sake rituals.


. juunisama 十二様 Juni Sama "Honorable 12" .




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Some sources quote another deity as Yamanokami

. Ooyamatsuminomikoto 大山祇神, 大山積神, 大山津見神 Oyama Tsumi no Mikoto .
Oyamatsumi no Mikoto, Ōyamatsumi - protector of trees and the forest

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楠元の山の神 Kusumoto no Yama no Kami



This stone statue was made in 1712.
- with more photos of Ta no Kami from Aira, Kagoshima
触田(ふれた)の田の神 / 福岡家の田の神 / 西田の田の神 / 日木山里の田の神
木津志の田の神 / 木津志堂崎の田の神
- reference source : city.aira.lg.jp/bunkazai/kanko... -


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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- - - - - Yama no Kami and Fudo Myo-O - - - - -

. 不動明王 Fudo Myo-O - Introduction .

....................................................................... Miyagi 宮城県 .....
刈田郡 Katta district 七ヶ宿町 Shichikashuku

Once upon a time
a master carpenter from Hida wanted to build 不動堂 a hall for Fudo Myo-O in one night. It was summer and the nights were quite short, so he could not finish his work. Therefore he threw away all the wood he had prepared and left the village. They all became different rocks along the left side of the river 白石川 Shiroishigawa, now called
柱岩、桁岩、染岩、ヌキ岩、角柱岩、敷板岩、萱岩.
To our day, the Yama no Kami takes pity on things here and if there is a flooding of the river, he stops it at the border of the village.

. Hida no Takumi 飛騨の匠 expert carpenter from Hida .


....................................................................... Tokyo 東京都 .....
西多摩郡 Nishitama district 桧原村 Hinohara village

When one becomes a true servant of the Kami, one is able to see its various features:
The Kami of 和田の山 Mount Wada is seen as 蛇 a serpent.
The Kami of 大沢の山 Mount Ozawa is seen as 小さい蛇 a small serpent.
The Kami of another mountain was seen as a pregnant woman.
The roadside Kami at the village border is seen as 火の神 a God of Fire.
Obusu-sama オズスナ様(産土神), the deity of birth is seen as Fudo Myo-O.

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- - - - - Yama no Kami and 鬼 Oni Demons - - - - -

. Onipedia - 鬼ペディア - Oni Demons - ABC-List - Index - .


岩木山の神と鬼 Gods and Demons from Mount Iwakisan (Aomori)
畠山篤 Hatakeyama Atsushi

第1章 
岩木山の神の由来譚の生成― 百沢寺・イタコ・村人の語り(百沢寺が語る岩木山権現由来譚;二つ目の丹後日和の由来;三つ目の丹後日和の由来;丹後日和の背景と変容;イタコが語る“お岩木様一代記” ほか)
第2章 
岩木山の鬼と水利伝承― 津軽の鬼・山人・大人(鬼・山人・大人伝承の分布と分類;単純型;山幸型;農耕型;鉄器型 ほか)


....................................................................... Akita 秋田県 .....

Once upon a time
the 男鹿の本山の神 Yama no Kami from the main mountain Honzan of the Oga Peninsula had demons as his followers.
They were allowed to go down to the villages on the 15th day of the New Year and scare the people.

. Namahage なまはげ / 生剥げ from Oga Hanto .


....................................................................... Niigata 新潟県 .....
佐渡郡 Sado district

Kinpokusan 金北山の神 Mount Kinpokusan (1,172 m)
昔、佐渡を治めていた金北山の神さまが、もし節分に撒いた豆から芽が出たら佐渡の国を譲ろうと鬼に約束する。このときの約束状が金北山のお堂の下に埋めてあるともいい、いくら鬼がとりに来ても、神さまは決してわたさないという。
.
昔、佐渡を治めていた金北山の神さまが、もし節分に撒いた豆から芽が出たら佐渡の国を譲ろうと鬼に約束する。ところがある年、その豆から芽が出たので、神さまはあわててモグラを呼んで根を食いちぎらせ枯らしてしまった。鬼は怒って猫に命じてモグラを捕まえさせようとした。それ以降節分の豆はよく炒るようになったという。
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昔、佐渡を治めていた金北山の神さまが、もし節分に撒いた豆から芽が出たら佐渡の国を譲ろうと鬼に約束する。ところがある年、その豆から芽が出たので、神さまはあわててモグラを呼んで根を食いちぎらせ枯らしてしまった。鬼は怒って猫に命じてモグラを捕まえさせようとした。それ以降節分の豆はよく炒るようになったという。


. Tonchibo トンチボ, Tonchiboo トンチボウ Tanuki from Sado .
Tonchibo is also a local name for the Deity of the Mountain Forest, Yama no Kami 山の神, and thus a taboo word for the local fisherman.

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白根市 Shirone town

. gaki 餓鬼 hungry ghosts .


....................................................................... Yamaguchi 山口県 .....
下関市 Shimonoseki 蓋井島 Futaoijima Island

On this island there are four forests sacred to the Yama no Kami, 山の神の森 Yama no Kami no Mori.
They have their special legend.
A very long time ago
Four Oni demons from Shinra (Silla, Korea) came over the sea to invade Japan. 神功皇后 Regent-Empress Jingu Koogo invited them to a banquet and served them Sake with poison to get rid of them. Three of them fell down in the forest of Futaoi. One Demon fell down in 高野の森 the forest of Takano. Their enboku 魂魄 Demon Souls cursed the place and the islanders, so the islanders finally built a shrine to appease their souls.

蓋井島の八幡宮 Hachimangu on Futaoi Island



山の神の祭 Festival for Yama no Kami
- reference source : ameblo.jp/shimonose9m/entry... -


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. Yama no Kami - Legends - From Aichi to Yamanashi .

. Ta no Kami, Ta-no-Kami 田の神 Tanokami, God of the Fields .


. sanki, yama-oni, yamaoni 山鬼の鬼伝説 / ヤマオニ .
- yama no oni 山の鬼 Mountain Oni Demon Legends -

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sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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10/03/2017

Yanegami on the roof

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. Shinto Shrines (jinja 神社) - Introduction .
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Yanegami 屋根神 Deity on the Roof
Yanegamisama 屋根神様


A small shrine on the roof, mostly of a merchant, to protect the estate and the shop.
Mostly seen in Aichi and Gifu.



A small shrine sits on the lowest roof under the eaves. It is usually holding an amulet from 秋葉神社 Akiba Jinja to protect against fire and misfortune. Other amulets may be from Ise Jingu or 津島神社 Tsushima Shrine. In Nagoya it is often from 熱田神宮 Atsuta Jingu.
Other local names are 秋葉さん Akiba San or お天王さん O-Tenno-San.
軒神さま Nokigami sama, 氏神さん Ujigamisan
町の神さま Machi no Kamisama, 町内神社 Chonai Jinja (Shrine of the village)

Since it is difficult to climb up to the eaves for prayer and rituals, many of these shrines have been re-located inside the home, near the entrance.

The regular rituals are held by the village community, small interest groups or just one family.
In Nagoya there are groups with more than 100 families.
Regular rituals are held at the New Year and each month on the 1st and 15th day, usually from early morning to late afternoon, when the offerings are taken down to be eaten at home.
People climb on the ladder and offer vegetables and fruit on a special tray. Some hang a violet curtain around the Shrine. Others hang a lantern on these days.
Very seldom an official Shinto priest is called to perform the rituals. Sometimes even a Buddhist priest or Yamabushi mountain priest can be called.

There are not many old records about the Yanegami. Maybe people hoped that the higher up the shrine was, the better their prayers would reach the Deity.


. Tsushima Jinja 津島神社 and the Tsushima Festival .



- quote -
Tsushima Shrine (津島神社 Tsushima Jinja) is a Shinto shrine in Tsushima, Aichi Prefecture.
Nationally famous, it heads the Tsushima shrine network, dedicated to the so-called Tsushima Cult (津島信仰 Tsushima Shinkō). This Tōkai-centered network with its about-3,000-member shrines is the tenth-largest in the country.
The main kami of this faith are Gozutennō (牛頭天王 lit. ox-headed heaven king), the god of pestilences, and Susanoo, two deities which have been conflated together.
For this reason, like other shrines of the network it is also called Tsushima Gozutennō-sha (津島牛頭天王社 lit. Tsushima Gozutennō Shrine).
Shrine legend says that Gozutennō's aramitama (its violent side) stays at Izumo-taisha, whereas its nigemitama (calm aspect) came to Japan from the Korean peninsula after stopping in Tsushima Island, between Korea and Japan. This may explain the relationship between the two Tsushimas suggested by the common name.
The shrine holds a festival called Tsushima Matsuri (津島祭り) in the sixth month of the lunar calendar (July in the Gregorian calendar) during which boats called danjiri (車楽) are floated on the Tennō River, and reeds are released into the water.
The shrine is built in the local owari-zukuri style, of which few extant examples remain.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


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- quote
An interesting feature on a warehouse is the rooftop shrine, called Yanegami (屋根神).
This rooftop deity honours Tsushima, Akiba and Atsuta Shrines. A small altar erected on the roof is a Nagoya custom. It is a means to ward off disease and disasters, and reflects the great devotion of ordinary people.
- source : Shike-michi (四間道) in Nagoya / wikipedia -

. yane 屋根 roof and roof tiles .
Introduction

. ujigami 氏神 clan or village deities .

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屋根神様の種類 - Different types of Yanegami shrines
- reference source : sogo-multi.net/2011/yanegami -

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- reference : 屋根神 wikipedia
- Reference : 屋根神
- Reference : yanegami roof


. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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- #yanegami #tsushimashrine -
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