31/12/2019

Welcome !

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Welcome to visit shrines and temples of Japan !

Take a virtual walk through Japanese culture, with haiku as a special treat.

Check the ABC - CONTENTS on the right side!
They provide the glossary of technical terms, keywords and other items you are looking for.



Kokubun-Ji, Tsuyama, Okayama


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General Information

. Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) . - - - Shinto Shrein
..... miya, guu 宮
..... honguu 本宮 Hongu, main shrine
..... taisha 大社 big shrine, Grand Shrine
..... yashiro, sha 社 (small) shrine etc.

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .



. Buddhist Temple (tera, ...ji 寺) . - - - Buddhistischer Tempel
crossroad temple, tsujidoo 辻堂
temple hall, hall, doo 堂


. Pilgrimages in Japan - Introduction .


WASHOKU - Temple and Shrine Food  

. Sake Legends and Shinto Shrines 酒と神社 .


. Kami, Hotoke and Haiku - the beginning .

. - Shrines visited by Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - .

. - Temples visited by Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - .

. - Kobayashi Issa 小林一茶  visiting shrines and temples - .

. - Shrines visited by Yosa Buson 与謝蕪村 - .   

. - Temples visited by Yosa Buson 与謝蕪村 - .   

. - Masaoka Shiki 正岡子規 visiting shrines and temples - .


Apart from shrines and temples, this BLOG concentrates on introducing terminology of the Shinto background,
with haiku to go.
Unless mentioned otherwise, the translations are done by myself.


Gabi Greve
Daruma Museum Japan, Spring 2013


- - - collecting, please come back often!
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- AAA - / - BBB - / - CCC - / - DDD - / - EEE -

- FFF - / - GGG - / - HHH - / - I I I - / - JJJ -

- KK KK - / - LLL - / - MMM - / - NNN - / - OOO -

- PPP - / - QQQ - / - RRR - / - SSS - / - TTT -

- UUU - / - VVV - / - WWW - / - XYZ -

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- on facebook -

. Japan Shinto Shrines - Facebook .




. Inari Fox Deity in Japan - Facebook .


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- #shintoshrines #shrines #japaneseshrines -
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04/06/2019

mizu no kami water legends

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. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .
. Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami - Introduction .
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Mizu no Kami, Mizunokami 水の神 Deity of Water - Legends

. Mizu no Kami 水の神 Deity of Water / Suijin 水神 .
- Introduction -


venerated in Katsuyama, Okayama


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .



............................................................................ Shiga 滋賀県
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甲賀郡 Koka district

. Mizunokami and Yamanokami 山の神 .
at shrine 笠山神社 / 瘡山神社 Kasayama Jinja





............................................................................ Wakayama 和歌山県
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日高郡 Hidaka district

. Mizunokami and Yamanokami 山の神 .
- counting trees and fish


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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -
42 to explore (02)
246 水神 to collect

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. Umi no Kami 海の神 God of the Sea / 海神 Watatsumi, Wadatsumi, Kaijin .

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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- #yamanokami #godofthemountains #tanokami #mizunokami #waterdeity -
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02/06/2019

umi no kami sea legends

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. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .
. Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami - Introduction .
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Umi no Kami 海の神 God of the Sea
Watatsumi, Wadatsumi, Kaijin 海神


. The three deities of Wadatsumi 綿津見三神 .
The sea deity Ōwatatsumi no kami
Many legends related to dragons.

His messenger is the kujira 鯨 whale.

. kujira 鯨 whale, Walfisch .
- Introduction and haiku -

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海神神社 Kaijin Jinja
Nagasaki - 長崎県対馬市峰町木坂247 / 247 Minemachi Kisaka, Tsushima, Nagasaki
- reference source : shinto-jinja.jp... -


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- - - - - A legend known in many parts of Japan

. okoze 虎魚 / 鰧魚 / オコゼ stonefish .
Once 山の神と海の神 the Kami of the Mountain and the Kami of the Sea had a fight and because of Okoze,
Yamanokami, the Kami of the Mountain won.
Since that event, Yamanokami likes Okoze.


Okoze from Bizen Pottery


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....................................................................... Kagawa 香川県 .....
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三豊郡 Mitoyo district 託間町 Takuma cho town

. ookami 狼 Okami, wolf legends .
At the Shrine 三崎神社 Misaki Jinja the wolf is venerated as the messenger of Uminokami. People are not supposed to look at this animal. His howling sounds like gooo-gooo.
A single wolf is the messenger of the deity, but if they come in a group, people have to take precautions.





....................................................................... Kagoshima 鹿児島県 .....
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曽於郡 Soo district

Uminokami does not like umeboshi 梅干 dried salted plums, so fishermen should not throw the stones into the water.





....................................................................... Kochi 高知県 .....



Once upon a time, a VERY LONG time,
whales lived on the mountains. When a whale moved its big body, the trees fell down and the plants were destroyed . . . the other animals on the mountain very much in distress. Yamanokami had observed this for some time and then called to Uminokami:
"Hey, God of the Sea, may I give the whale to you to take care of?"
"Sure, why not!" and thus the whale moved to the sea. ....
- reference source : minwa.fujipan.co.jp/area... -




....................................................................... Kumamoto 熊本県 .....
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In Kumamoto, ウミノカミ Uminokami is the same as the water goblin Kappa.
When a woman is ready to give birth soon, first they cook 白飯 white rice and put it in a bowl as an offering, put in the rom next to the woman. This is an offering for Uminokami.
If the family does not make this offering, Uminokami might come and get the baby.

. 河童 Kappa legends from Kumamoto 熊本県 .




....................................................................... Mie 三重県 .....
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熊野市 Kumano city

same 鮫 shark
The 14th day of the 6th lunar month is the festival day for Uminokami, also called oojiro sama オオジロ様 Ojiro sama. The festival is also called
Uminokami is also called 磯辺さん Isobe san.
People prepare 3 or 7 shark fish as an offering and nobody goes into the sea on this day.

. same 鮫 (さめ) shark .




....................................................................... Oita 大分県 .....

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国東郡 Kunisaki district 姫島村 Himeshima mura village

ryuuguu sama 竜宮様 dragon palace deity, Uminokami
Fishermen should not throw water after washing rice into the sea. They should keep it in a barrel and throw it on the land when they come home.
To muddy the sea water in an affront toward Uminokami and should not be done.

.ryuuguu 竜宮と伝説 Ryugo Legends about the Dragon Palace .

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白杵市 Usuki city

kujira 鯨 whale
In the year 1886, fishermen had caught a whale, but when they pulled it on the boat, it was already dead.
Since the whale is the messenger of Uminokami, they put its bones and 一文銭 one coin as an offering and made a fine funeral for the fish.


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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -
96 海神 to collect

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. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .

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. Mizu no Kami, Mizunokami 水の神 Deity of Water - Legends .

. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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- #yamanokami #godofthemountains #tanokami #uminokami #godofthesea #ocean #kaijin #ryugu #dragonpalace -
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28/04/2019

kami no ashiato

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Shinto Shrines (jinja 神社) - Introduction .
. kami 神 Shinto deities .
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kami no ashiato 神の足跡 / あしあと footprints of a Kami
kamisama no ashiato 神様の足あと


There are some boulders and rocks with this name.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

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越前海岸の奇岩の伝説
Legend about a strange rock-formation on the Echizen coast

The footprint is about 5 m long and 2 m wide.
Once upon a time, farmers came here during a long period of drought and prayed for rain.
There was a voice promising "There will be water!" and from behind the cliff the footprints were visible.



- reference source : blogs.yahoo.co.jp/syoukousi4... -

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Legend says that 琵琶湖 Lake Biwako started as a footprint of the Kami.

日本の神話には、神様の足跡として琵琶湖は描かれている。
- reference source : www.2724.com/biwako... -


- reference source : sirokuronekotokuroneko...-


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There is a festival in the town of 塙町 Hanawa in Fukushima,
伊香おすわ様 Ika Osuwa Sama
It has a history of more than 200 years and was introduced to drive out illness like the plague.
About 10 young men 20 years of age get a purification ritual from the Shrine and then run around the village in the evening for about 4 hours. They wear white Tabi socks.
The young men prepare 餅つき Mochi rice cakes. When it gets dark they take 獅子頭 a lion's head and the rice cakes.
They enter each of the about 120 homes through the veranda of the living room and run out through the main door, leaving dirty footprints on the floor.

But since they are the messengers of the "Deity", this dirt may only be cleaned away until the next morning.
The family is sitting in the living room cheering when they come.
Mid-July.


- quote
神様の足あと ー 伊香おすわ様

福島県の南東部、茨城県との県境にある塙町の集落、伊香・古宿地区で、毎年 7 月中旬に行われる祭りです。
地区で流行した疫病の厄払いが起源とされ、200 年以上の歴史があるとも言われています。主役は二十歳前後の男たち。...
- source : twellv.co.jp/program

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青銅の神の足跡
谷川健一 Tanigawa Kenichi
古代鍛冶氏族の役割と足どりを詳細に追跡。徹底した実証と鋭い感性で銅鐸の謎に文化史の視線を当て、記紀成立以前の社会を大胆に復元し、日本文化の基底をなす金属神から農耕神への逆転を明示。
- at amazon com -


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

....................................................................... Niigata 新潟県 .....
古志郡 Koshi district

. Yamanokami Legends from Niigata 新潟県 .
Yamanokami is a woman with a rather wild character. She has only one eye and one leg.
There is a boulder with one footprint and one imprint of a walking stick,
Yamanokami no ashiato 山の神の足跡石.

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

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. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .
. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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- #ashiato #footprints #kaminoashiato -
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22/04/2019

Ubagami shrine

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Shinto Shrines (jinja 神社) - Introduction .
. kami 神 Shinto deities .
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ubagami 姥神 lit. "old woman deity" - "Grandmother Deity"

- - - - - The legends from Esashi in Hokkaido know this:

Orii baasan 折居婆さん / オリイバアサン grandmother Orii
Grandmother Orii lived in Esashi. She prayed to the deities every morning and could tell the villagers about the weather of the day. The villagers thought of her as a deity, because her weather forecast was always right.
Once there was a bad catch for herring. That night grandmother Orii saw murasaki no hi 紫の火 a divine purple light in the sky above the sea. As the deity had shown her, she went out to the sea, poured ritual water from a Tokkuri container in that spot and folded her hands in prayer. Now a huge group of herring came by and the villagers had enough to eat for a long time.
When the villagers went to the home of Grandmother Orii, she was gone and since then they prayed to her as
Ubagami 姥神 "the old woman deity".

This name is also read おりん婆(折居婆)Orin Ba.


source : nihon.syoukoukai.com...

Tokkuri iwa 江差のとっくり岩 Tokkuri rock in Esashi
They say the Tokkuri of Grandmother Orii turned upside down and became a rock.
Many herring are fished around this rock.

. nishin 鰊 / 鯡 / 青魚 / 黄魚 herring .


source : Esashi Town Homepage

- Another version of the legend:

Once there lived an old couple in 江差 Esashi which had not enough to eat.
A deity appeared in their dream and told them to explore a certain area of the sea. Next morning they went out and found a lot of herring. Now they could eat fish to their heart's content.
The Ubagami deity venerated in Esashi is seen as this old couple, they are the ancestors of the herring fishermen.

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Ubagami Daijinguu 姥神大神宮 Ubagami Daijingu
海道檜山郡江差町姥神町99 / Ubagamichō, Esashi, Hiyama district, Hokkaido



- quote
The Ubagami Daijingu Togyo Festival – held every year from August 9 to 11 – is what the residents of Esashi most look forward to every year. Approximately 50,000 people gather in the town – which has a population of only 8,000 – to watch portable shrines and 13 floats being paraded around the streets.
- A festival that has continued since the Edo Period
Since the Edo Period, Esashi prospered as a herring fishing community, and was greatly influenced by the culture and festivals of the Kansai and Hokuriku regions due to the Kitamae-bune ships that arrived via the Sea of Japan shipping route. The origins of the Ubagami Daijingu Togyo Festival date back 375 years, when it began with the people of Esashi thanking the gods for the plentiful herring catches.
- The chair of the Esashi Sightseeing & Convention Association, Saikaiya Nozomu is also a doll maker who creates the mannequins that ride on the floats, and from an early age he grew up with the shrine festivals. Each of the town’s neighborhood associations is responsible for the management and operation of one of the floats, which cost over 10 million yen to build and between 1.8 and 1.9 million yen per year to maintain. These costs are generously borne by the residents of the neighborhoods and people who were born in or have connections with the town. “People who come from the cities are motivated by Esashi residents’ enthusiasm and passion for the festival,” says Saikaiya. “Perhaps it’s because they sense the eagerness to preserve the local culture inherited from the Edo period.”
Saikaiya’s father was the doll maker who, under the name of Hokuryu, created five of the mannequins that ride on the thirteen floats mannequins. Nozomu is the second-generation Hokuryu. “Mannequins made by myself and my father adorn the festival,” says Saikaiya. “Such emotions cannot be experienced anywhere else.”
- Young people return home for the festival
The children of Esashi are raised on drum & flute lullabies. They are pulling floats as soon as they can walk, and are playing the flute and drums when they become elementary and junior high school pupils. They then take on the role of protecting the float from overhead cables, and when they become adults they are responsible for supervising the parade of floats, with the ultimate aim of becoming one of the people charged with overall responsibility for the float.
- Natsuhara Shigeki,
who works at an elementary school and is also the vice chair of the festival organizing committee tells of an episode that expresses Esashi residents’ feelings toward the festival. “At a job interview in a certain city, a high school student from Esashi asked if he could take a holiday on the same three festival days every year. He explained about the Ubagami Daijingu Togyo Festival and that without the younger generation, the floats would not be mobile and asked the boss for the time off. The boss of the company was surprised and impressed by the high school student’s enthusiasm for his hometown, something that is not so common, and decided to employ him straight away.”
Everyone gets involved in the festival – from young children to senior citizens. All homes prepare alcohol and food to welcome visitors. According to Natsuhara, “Esashi has created a culture in which all people are involved.” Saikaiya also adds “Each household serves local cuisine made with recipes handed down from the past, making it a festival in which food culture is also conveyed.”
- - - MORE
- source : kai-hokkaido.com/en/feature...


- - - - - Deities in residence - - - - -
天照皇大御神 Amaterasu Omikami
天児屋根神 Amanokoyane no Mikoto
住吉大神 Sumiyoshi Daijin


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shuin 朱印 stamp


- - - - - HP of the Shrine
- source : hokkaidojinjacho.jp... -

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Yearly Festivals 年中行事


- CLICK for more photos !

姥神大神宮渡御祭(うばがみだいじんぐうとぎょさい)Ubagami Daijingu Togyosai

- quote -
Ubagami Daijingu is the oldest shrine in Hokkaido, established in 1447. It is said to have been established as a place for herring-fishers to worship the image of the god they believed in. Once a year, the people of Esashi carry out the Togyosai, in which they offer their thanks for a bountiful catch of fish.
Thirteen richly decorated floats (called “yama” in Esashi) are paraded downtown and uptown in a dignified procession. This festival is clearly dear to the hearts of everyone in Esashi—during the Togyosai, the population of the town swells to five times its normal size because of the many people returning home. The Togyosai is truly a festival fit to represent Hokkaido.
– Reception period: August 1-7, 2017. The festival itself takes place from August 9-11.
- source : hokkaido-sightseeing.com/en... -


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天児屋根神 / 天児屋根命 / 天児屋命 Amanokoyane no Mikoto / Ama-no-Koyane-no-mikoto
Amenokoyanenomikoto/Amenokoyanomikoto / Ameno Koyane




He belongs to the deities of Shrine Kasuga Jinja, Nara.
He is considered to be an ancestor of the 中臣 Nakatomi clan and its most famous branch - the Fujiwara clan.

中臣連等の祖。天の石屋・天孫降臨段に登場。天の石屋段には天照大御神を天石屋戸から招き出すために布刀詔戸言を申した神。天孫降臨では五伴緒として番能邇々芸命に随行する。
- reference source : kojiki.kokugakuin.ac.jp... -


- quote -
Ameno Koyane
is known to have been one of the Gods of the Five Guilds. He was one of the many Gods present when Ninigi made his descent to Earth. This god and many others agreed after a decree by Amaterasu to serve and follow Ninigi.
Ameno Koyane was also given the extra task, alongside Ameno Futodama to aid and protect Ninigi.
This God is claimed as the ancestor of the Nakatomi Clan.
- The Five Guilds
The Gods of the Five Guilds are a group of Gods with the names Ameno Koyane, Ameno Futodama, Ameno Uzume, Ishikoridome and Tamaya.
Each of these Gods agreed to follow the royal decree of Amaterasu to follow and serve Ninigi after his decent to the Earth. Two of these Gods (Ameno Koyane and Ameno Futodama) were given special decrees to aid and protect Ninigi.
- source : historyofjapan.co.uk... -

Kogotomusubi no Kami 興台産霊神
The father of Amanokoyane, ancestral kami of the Fujiwara clan.
According to the "divine-age" records in Sendai kuji hongi, Kogotomusubi was identified as the mikogami (divine offspring) of Ichichimusuhi no mikoto, a kami in the lineage of another kami, Tsuhayamusuhi no mikoto. Based on the theory that the name Kogoto is formed from a plural prefix attached to the word koto meaning "word," the name has been interpreted to mean kotodama, namely a kami of speech and language.
- source : eos.kokugakuin.ac.jp... -

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- Reference : 姥神大神宮
- Reference : Ubagami Hokkaido




. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


....................................................................... Miyagi 宮城県 .....
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白井市 Shiroi city 斎川松沢 Saikawa Matsuzawa

chichigami 乳神 "breast deity"
At the root of an old pine tree there was a spring and in the nearby sanctuary there was a stone memorial for Ubagami.
The wife of 用明天皇 Yomei Tenno (518 - 587) gave birth here on a rock called Shitahimo no ishi 下紐の石, but she did not have enough milk to feed the baby. A diviner told her to use the water from the spring and when she drunk it, her milk begun to flow. A stone statue was erected in her honor.
Now many women come here to pray.
Sometimes they scratch a bit of the breast of the statue and drink the powder to make their own milk flow.
As a sign of greatfullness many women later bring a plush doll of a female breast.



. matsu 松と伝説 Legends about the pine tree / 松の木 .

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仙台市 Sendai city

daishimizu 大清水 "great clear water"
It is located on the Eastern side of the bridge Itsutsubachi 五ツ橋. It is one of the three "clear water" locations and sometimes called sato shimizu 里清水.
Since olden times there was a sanctuary for Ubagami.
The water could heal cough from children.
People make offerings of ema 絵馬 votive tablets of a rooster turned upside-down.




....................................................................... Niigata 新潟県 .....
東蒲原郡 Higashi-Kanbara district 阿賀町 Aga town

Along the river bank the deity Ubagami sama 姥神様 is venerated.
She is also mamorigami 守り神 the protector deity at the entrance of the village.

. mamorigami 守り神と伝説 Legends about protector deities .





....................................................................... Toyama 富山県 .....

. onbaba オンババ / 姥神 (Ubagami) "Old Grandma Mountain God" .

. Tateyama Shinkō 立山信仰 Tateyama mountain worship .
... Temple Ashikura-Ji had around 30 subtemples, of which the 姥堂 Ubadō and the Enmadō were the most important.
... It was only at this one time in the year, on the middle day of the autumn equinox, that women were allowed to enter the precincts, normally forbidden them, as far as the Ubadō, from where, having received the protection of the deity Ubagami, they worshipped the sacred mountain and prayed for rebirth in paradise.
The rite was an enactment of death and rebirth.




- quote -
Tateyama no Onbasama 立山のおんばさま On-Ba Sama
Uba-Ishi 姥石 "Grandmother Rock"
- reference source : webheibon.jp/yamanba... -

- - - Ubagami is sometimes seen as the
. Yamanba, Yamauba 山姥 "old mountain woman", Yokai monster .

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

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山姥神社 Yamanba Jinja / Yamanba Shrine - Yamauba
高知県 Kochi - Shirakidani, Nankoku, Kochi
- HP of the Shrine
- reference source : yamauba.jp... -

. Yamanba, Yamauba 山姥 and 山姫 Yamahime .
Yamanba, Yamamba is the "old hag from the mountain".


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. Ishikoridome no kami 石凝姥神 (いしこりどめのかみ)(Ishi-kori-dome-no-kami) .
Nakayama Jinja 中山神社 / 岡山県津山市一宮695 Okayama, Tsuyama town


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16/03/2019

Yamanokami Regional 33 Akita

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .
. Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami - Introduction .
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Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
and Legends from Akita 秋田県


. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .


source : forbesjapan.com/article...

. Namahage なまはげ / 生剥げ demons of Akita .
The servants of Yamanokami, the demons from the Oga peninsula, are allowed to come down to the local families on the 15th day of the first lunar month.


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田の神,山の神 Tanokami becomes Yamanokami
On the 16th day of the 10th lunar month,
Tanokami goes back and becomes Yamanokami. Pepopletake a rest and celebrate with offerings of konamochi 粉餅 rice cakes powdered with walnut powder.
On this day it is not allowed to go to the forest and work.
- - - - -
Inside a mine it is not allowed to whistle or clap your hands. If you do, Yamanokami, who supports the ceiling with his hands, becomes happy and pulls his hands away.
- - - - -
. Okojo, Okoze オコゼ a short-tailed weasel or ferret .
the messenger of Yamanokami.


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. matagi 又鬼 - マタギ と伝説 Legends about bear hunters .

In Akita there are many bear-hunter communities.
On the festival day of the female Yamanokami, who is very jealous, their womenfolk do not dare to go outside all day.




....................................................................... 秋田市 Akita city .....

kuri no ki 栗の木 sweet chestnut tree
Deep in the mountain forest is a huge sweet chestnut tree, where Yamanokami is venerated. Even if cut down it will soon be up again.
Once a man named 弥兵衛 Yahei tried to cut this tree down, but blood came sprouting from the tree and a boy of 5 years came out. The child had a strange figure and looked very angry, picking up Yahei and throwing him on the ground, telling him never to cut this tree again.

. kami no ki, kaminoki  神の木、神ノ木 tree of the deity, tree of Yamanokami .




....................................................................... 平鹿郡 Hiraka district .....
山内村 Sannai mura village

. Hihi 狒々/ 狒狒 / 比々 Hihi Baboon Monster .
About 400 years ago a samurai named 大次郎 Daijiro moved to the village from 仙台 Sendai. His younger brother left his wife and child behind and said he would go hunting.
A monster baboon came and ate the daughter of his brother. The poor younger brother was very angry and with the consent of Daijiro went out to kill the baboon.
Later they burried the body of the baboon and all their old weapons in the ground of a local school. They started to venerate Yamanokami at that place.



....................................................................... 上小阿仁村 Kamikoani village .....
in 北秋田郡 Kita-Akita district

In the village of Kami-Koani there was one area where Yamanokami was seen as 男神 a male deity and one where she was 女神 a female deity.
After a wedding ceremony husband and wife were not allowed to go into the mountain forest for a few days, because Yamanokami was very jealous.
So young couples went to work in the fields, made tools from straw and performed other work inside the house.
- - - - -
A couple went to the mountain forest to make charcoal. The husband cut a tree from a dangerous place. His wife observed him from below and saw a woman supporting his hips. The wife thought he was being unfaithful and called out "Shame on you!" The figure of the supporting woman disappeared on the spot and the husband fell deep into the valley.
The female Yamanokami had been helping him.



....................................................................... 鹿角郡 Kazuno district .....

Nanzoboo 南祖坊 Priest Nanzobo and Hachitaroo, 八太郎 Hachitaro
The Lord of 十和田湖 lake Towadako was called 八太郎 Hachitaro.
One day a strange priest named Nanzobo came and told him to hand the lake over to him. Both begun to fight and Hachitaro lost.
So he begun to block the river 米代川 Yoneshirogawa and built a new lake.
Now Yamanokami came and threw stones at him, so Hachitaro had to flee again.
He run very far away and became the Lord of 八郎潟 Hachirogata.


- CLICK for more photos of the Hachirogata area !

- quote -
Hachirōgata (八郎潟 Hachirō-gata) is a lake in Akita Prefecture in northern Japan.
Its formal name is Lake Hachirō (八郎湖 Hachirō-ko), but it is also called Hachirōgata Regulating Pond (八郎潟調整池 Hachirō-gata chōseichi). At 4 meters below sea level, Hachirōgata is the lowest point in Japan. . . .
According to a legend,
a man called Hachirō was transformed into a dragon and chose the lake for his home after wandering a long time. Thus, the lake was named Hachirō-gata (-gata means "lagoon").
Later, he was attracted to a woman who owned Lake Tazawako, another lake in Akita Prefecture, and moved to be with her. After that, Hachirōgata became increasingly shallower.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !




....................................................................... 北秋田郡 Kita-Akita district .....
荒瀬村 Arasemura village

Once on a snowing night Yamanokami took the form of a pregnant woman and asked for shelter at the hut of seven woodcutters, but she was turned away.
At the next hut of six woodcutters she was taken in cordally. So Yamanokami gave them four 大熊 great bears as a present.
Then Yamanokami turned the group of seven into 小鼠 small mice with no special color.




....................................................................... 仙北市 Senboku city, Semboku .....

. takezaiku 竹細工 legends about craft from bamboo .
If a child is born, Yamanokami spends the whole night at the Shrine to decide the fate of the baby.
.......................................................................
Once a wife took some lunch to her father working in the mountain. But the female Yamanokami became jealous and when the father cut a tree, he fell below it and died.
- - - - -
Yamanokami becomes Tanokami in spring and is seen as female. The deity likes
. okoji オコジ(虎魚)and Yamanokami .
Yamanokami is usually helping with a birth . . . . .


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Senboku 西木町 Nishiki town

大石岳 Mount Oishidake (1,059 m)
On the 10th day of the second lunar month, it was not allowed to go to the mountain.
Yamanokami was sewing seeds for trees on this day.
Others say they should not go to the mountain and should not bring Natto fermented beans as food, lest Yamanokami would let them slip and fall.
They also should not wash their dishes in the river because Yamanokami might want to swim down the river on that day.

.......................................................................
Senboku 西仙北町 Nishi-Senboku town

bakko sugi バッコ杉 Bakko cedar
On the 9th day of the second lunar month, on the day of Yamanokami, a man went to the forest to make charcoal, although it was forbidden.
On his way home he saw his bakko バッコ(末娘) youngest daughter, who was supposed to be home. He called her but she did not turn around, so he started running after her, but could not catch up. When he came to
kugikake no oo-sugi 鉤掛けの大杉 the big cedar tree further down the valley, he lost sight of her. When he came home, his daughter had been home all the time, waiting for him. Since then the name of the tree changed to
Bakko Sugi, cedar of the youngest daughter.


about 38 m high, 7,4 m circumference, about 300 years old
source : hitozato-kyoboku.com/bakko-sugi...



....................................................................... 山本郡 Yamamoto district .....
二ツ井町 Futatsui machi town

Around 1940, there was a huge fire in the village. In front of 山神神社 the Shrine for Yamanokami there stood a beautiful young woman.
This must have been Yamanokami, taking refuge from the fire.


Yama Shrine, Haraikawa-59 Futatsuimachi Kogake, Noshiro

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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -

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. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .

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- - - - - . Join the Updates of Facebook ! . - - - - -


. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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12/03/2019

Yamanokami Regional 31 Yamagata Yamaguchi

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .
. Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami - Introduction .
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Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
and Legends from Yamagata 山形県 and Yamaguchi 山口県


. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .


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....................................................................... Yamagata 山形県 .....

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岩野村 Iwano mura village

hakuba 白馬,arauma, ara-uma 荒馬,shinme 神馬
岩野村登山口の獄山には、古くから山神さまがいて信仰されていた。天正年間、獄山の神がふとしたことから怒り出し、山崩れを起こして土砂を流し、村を埋め尽くした。そして、白馬が現れ、天に飛翔したという。


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最上郡 Mogami district 金山町 Kaneyama town

sankichi sama 三吉様
太平山の神様は荒神様で三吉様。杉沢集落のロクノジョウという大男は米1俵を担いだまま山越えする途中に雉を追いかけたほどの力持ちだったが、秋田の相撲大会で勝っていい気になって風呂に入っていたら、小僧が来て風呂桶ごと持ち上げられて掃除されて驚いて、びっくりして夜逃げして帰ってきた。その小僧は三吉様の化身であった。


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西村山郡 Nishi-Murayama district

Yamanokami
3月12日は木を切ってはいけないという。それは、昔貧乏人の夫が山へ入ってはいけないというのを聞かずに出かけ、その後を追っていった女房が木の上にいた美人な山の神様に邪険な気持ちを出したために、その木が倒れて夫が死んだからである。
.
3月17日は山の神祭りで、仕事は休みになる。この日山に入って山の神に会うと、その年はろくなことが起こらない。
.
旧暦の10月17日は山の神祭りで、この日は山行きは止められ、山の神が木を数える日だから木は切ってはならない。
.
山の神は女の神で三人の娘がいたが、亡くなるときに、娘たちに日頃食べさせたことのないおずけ(味噌汁)をかけたマンマを食べさせないでくれ、すぐに腹がすくからといったので、今も山に入るときにはおずけをかけてマンマを食べるな、そうすると怪我をするという。おつゆをかけて食べたい場合は、汁椀の方へ飯を入れて食べればよい。
.
山の神祭りの日は旧暦3月12日と12月12日の年越しの日で、山の神は春には天から下りてきて田畑を守り、秋には山に帰っていくという。
.
佐藤弥蔵家の山の神様の祭りは3月12日と12月12日で、春には山の神が空から降り、秋には空に帰る。

- - - - -
Oshiragami オシラ神
長沼では、山の神の日は2月17日と10月17日でこの日は山に行くなといわれて木材業や製材業の人は休んでお祝いをする。この2月17日から10月17日までは山の神がオシラ神という蚕の神になる。

- - - - -
Tanokami 田の神
10月13日は山の神が田の神になる日なので、ボタ餅を12個作って神棚に上げる。3月12日は田の神が山の神になる日で、田のしろかきや、作物の種をまいてはいけない日という。
.
旧暦10月13日は山の神様が田の神様から山の神様に帰るので、絶対山に登ってはならない。

- - - - -
. Yamanokami and miso 味噌 と伝説 Legends about Miso .
ozuke おずけ is the local dialect for Miso soup.

- folk belief
Y字型をした松をかえろう松といい、その中でも特に東西を向いているものをきらった。これを切るときには御神酒をかけてそれがないときは小便をかけて切る。そうすると山の神がとまらないという。

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西置賜郡 Nishi-Okitama district

小国町 Oguni town

Tanokami 田の神
10月15日、16日は田の神が山の神になる日。田の神団子を作って米びつの横に供える。臼を杵で叩いて音を出す。
- - - - -
Yamanokami
2月16日、山の神が木を数えながら山から下りてくる。この日は、団子を供えるが、忙しいときは臼を杵でたたいて音を出す。
.
サンマッカと呼ばれる三つ又の大木には山ノ神が宿る。熊狩りで山に入るときは、山の神迎えといって、手を合わせてから入る。
.
2月17日は山の神が田の神になる日。この日は山に入ってはいけない。女の神で歌が好き。歌を歌うと仕事をしなくなってしまうので、歌を歌ってはいけない。


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米沢市 Yonezawa city

hebi 蛇, Benten sama 弁天様
弁天様が人についた。西簗沢の山の神に杉山弁財天という祟り神がいて、炭焼きと唄が上手な息子の唄に憑いたという。弁天様は蛇だともいい、蛇をみると弁天様がいるという。


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米沢市 Yonezawa city 笹野町 Sasano town

Tanokami 田の神
旧3月17日には山の神が田の神となり、旧10月12日には田の神が山の神になるという。
.
旧3月17日には山の神が田の神となり、旧9月29日には田の神が山の神になるという。
- - - - -
Umi no Kami 海の神
山の神と海の神が争い、山の神が「1本でマンサクという木を持っている」というと海の神が「1匹でオクゼンという魚をもっている」といった。そこで山の神が喜ぶように、オクゼンという魚をあげるのだという。
- - - - -
Yamanokami
月の17日は山の神が木を数える日なので、山に入ると自分も数えられてしまうという。
.
50年程前に子供同士で山の神の祭りを真似たところ、1人に山の神が憑いた。椅子でやってみた所、その椅子に山の神が憑いて、ぴょんぴょん跳ねたとも言う。
.
山の神は死に火を嫌うが産火は嫌わないという。そこでお産の神として崇められている。




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....................................................................... Yamaguchi 山口県 .....



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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -

..............................................................................................................................................

. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::




- - - - - . Join the Updates of Facebook ! . - - - - -


. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- #yamanokami #godofthemountains #tanokami #yamagata #yamaguchi -
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10/03/2019

Yamanokami fish Trachidermus fasciatus

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .
. Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami - Introduction . :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Yamanokami, Trachidermus fasciatus ヤマノカミ / 山ノ神
川の神 Kawanokami, Kawa no Kami
神勧請 Kamikanjo




- quote -
ヤマノカミ(山ノ神、学名 Trachidermus fasciatus )は、
カサゴ目カジカ科に属する魚の一種。アユカケと同じく「降河回遊」の生活史をもつ中型カジカ類の一種である。東アジアに分布するが、日本での分布は九州の有明海奥部とその流入河川に限られる。ヤマノカミ1種でヤマノカミ属を構成する。河口付近に作られた堰により稚魚の遡上が阻害され、生息数が減少している。

標準和名「ヤマノカミ」は福岡県筑後地方での呼び名に因み、
他の地方名としてヤマンカミ(福岡)カワンカミ、タチャ(福岡・佐賀)カンカンジョ(佐賀)などがある。
「山の神」「川の神」「神勧請」など、独特の外見や生活史から山の神信仰などとの関連付けが窺える。
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !
This fish is closely related to the belief in Yamanokami in various regions of Japan, especially Fukuoka and Saga.


- quote -
Trachidermus fasciatus is a species of fish in the superfamily Cottoidea, the sculpins, and the only member of the monotypic genus Trachidermus. Its common name is roughskin sculpin. It has also been called four-gilled perch.
It is native to the coastlines of China, Japan, and Korea, where it occurs at the mouths of rivers.
This species is about 20 cm (8 in) long and weighs up to 350 grams.It has a large, spineless head with a wide mouth and small eyes near the tip of the snout. The upper jaw is slightly projecting. The dorsal fin has 8 spines and 19 to 20 soft rays and the anal fin has no spines but 17 to 18 soft rays. This fish lacks scales but its body surface is textured with "knobbles". The gill opening is large and each gill has two orange stripes.
This fish lives in rivers, estuaries, and coastal ocean waters. It is catadromous; adults spawn on mudflats at the river mouths, and after hatching, the juveniles swim upstream to freshwater river habitat.
... The habitat of the fish is degraded in some areas, particularly the river mouths of coastal China. Pollution from rapid urban development, overfishing, and the construction of dams and dikes threaten the species in this region. Changes in the hydrology of the area, mainly from dams, are most concerning because they prevent the migration of the fish in the river systems.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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It resembles the kajika カジカ family, Cottus pollux.


source : kotobank.jp/word...


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- Reference : 日本語
- Reference : English

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. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .

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Yamanokami Regional 30 Wakayama

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. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .
. Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami - Introduction .
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Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
and Legends from 和歌山県 Wakayama


. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .



Hongucho Mikoshi, Tanabe, Wakayama
Ichidaira, Kudoyama, Ito District, Wakayama
Kamiyukawa, Aridagawa, Arida District, Wakayama
Oga, Shingu, Wakayama

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The seventh day of December is the last festival day of Yamanokami of each year.
Yamanokami comes down from the stars (above the fields) to his mountain. Trees with two twisted stems are his signpost and thus sacred to Yamanokami.
People make offerings of stonefish, which has a very ugly face.

. Yamanokami and okoze 虎魚 / 鰧魚 / オコゼ / ヲコゼ stonefish .
On the 29th day of the 9th lunar month, Yamanokami takes off for the meeting of the Japanese deities in 出雲 Izumo.

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Wakayama and 奈良県 Nara
Yamanokami is seen as a woman, sometimes jealous of a human wife.
If someone has lost something, he goes to the forest and shows dankon 男根 a penis, then Yamanokami will help to find the lost object.



....................................................................... Arida district 有田郡  .....
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清水村 Kiyomizu mura village

. hebi 蛇と伝説 Legends about snakes and serpents .
There was 桜の木の森 a forest of cherry trees called Yamanokami. When they cut down the trees, a serpent came out.
When they sold the wood and burned it, people got ill. A baby pulled out its tongue all the time and wiggled it.
Most of the time there was the sound of a serpent crawling on the ground.
Finally the villagers built a small shrine and venerated the serpent.

桜の木の森 Sakuranomori Park
Nagatani, Aridagawa, Arida District, Wakayama



Hyogo - 1202-1 Kusadani, Inami, Kako District, Hyogo
Mie - 3500-5 Minamitamagakicho, Suzuka, Mie


....................................................................... Hidaka district 日高郡  .....
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みなべ町 Minabe town

Once a man had cut a tree there came a serpent with a yamadori 山鳥 copper pheasant in its mouth. He took it away and ate it. But soon he became a strong headache. It did not heal and he asked a diviner for help. The serpent had been the messenger of Yamanokami from 水舟山 Mount Mizubune and the man had taken away its food.
So they built a small sanctuary on the mountain and venerated Yamanokami there, bringing offerings of mochi 餅 rice cakes.

. kiji 雉 pheasant / 山鳥 yamadori - Legends .
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. ookami 狼 Okami, wolf legends .
Once upon a time, a wolf had angered Yamanokami and could not eat anything any more.
In his hunger he attacked the shika 鹿 deer sacred to 春日 the Kasuga deity.

. Kasuga Jinja 春日神社 Shrine in Kyoto .
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. Yamanokami and Tengu 天狗 the Mountain Goblin .
Tengu 天狗
天狗は大峯山の神様の、山上さんの指図で動いている。


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龍神村 Ryujin mura village

(山の神と氏神の問答)
ある巡礼が、山中で日が暮れたので山の神に願って野宿していると、夜中に山の神と氏神の問答を聞いた。氏神の呼びかけに山の神は客がいるから出られないと答え、山の神が尋ねると氏神は病気はあぶで年は18と答えた。巡礼は不思議に思って旅立ったが、18年後、その村で大工をしていた18の男子が、あぶをのみで追い払っているうちに喉をついて死んだ。巡礼はその子の寿命で仕方ないと諭したという。

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山の神,ujigami 氏神
ある人が山の木を大小関係なく切り倒していると、夜中に大風のような音をたてて小屋に山の神が近づいてきた。白髪頭を振り乱して戸を開け、その人を殺そうとしたとき、氏神が来てとりなしをしてくれたので何とか助かった。それが11月7日、山の神の木数えの日だったという。

. ujigami 氏神 clan KAMI deities .

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. Mizunokami, mizu no kami 水の神 deity of water - Legends .
Yamanokami and Mizunokami in a contest :
. Counting trees and fish 木の数と魚の数 .
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A man named 毛谷村六助 Keyamura Rokusuke wanted to become strong and prayed to 彦山権現 Hikosan Gongen for help.
On his way down the mountain he met a messenger of Yamanokami who gave him books about 兵法 the art of warfare. He studied them and soon became a strong man.

. Hikosan 英彦山 / 彦山 The Hikosan Deity .

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Keyamura Rokusuke is one of the leading characters in the ningyō jōruri and kabuki play Hiko-san Gongen chikai no sukedachi (彦山権現誓劔) and in some other plays. The farmer turned samurai is known for his filial piety and incredible strength, and is viewed as an ideal samurai.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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- folk belief
山の神に関する俗信。山の神を生木で祀ると、必ず次にその生木を切る人が怪我をするから、柵を設ける木には生木を使わないという。山で木をそいで打ち込むと、山の神の着物の裾を打ち込むのでよくないという。山で山道具を見失ったときは、山の神と相撲をとるとすぐに見つかるという。11月7日は山の神の木数えの日なので、山に行くと数え込まれて怪我をするという。山祭りがある月の不浄日に山に行くと、怪我をするという、など。
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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -

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. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .

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. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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