Showing posts with label - - Yama no Kami - -. Show all posts
Showing posts with label - - Yama no Kami - -. Show all posts

20/07/2019

Kawanokami legends

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. Shinto Shrines (jinja 神社) - Introduction .
. kami 神 Shinto deities .
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kawa no kami 川の神と伝説 Legends about the "River Deity"

Kappa 河童 is a“Kawa no Kami” 川の神 / 河の神 (lit. River Deity)
. Kawa no Kami, 水神 Suijin and Kappa .
- Introduction -
Kappa カッパ is often seen as Kawanokami or Mizunokami.

. Mizu no Kami, Mizunokami 水の神 Deity of Water .


- quote -
Kappa
mentioned in the Nihon Shoki 日本書紀 (Chronicles of Japan), one of Japan's earliest official records, compiled around 720 AD.
Other names: Kahaku (Nihongi)
A generic name for kami of rivers and streams.
The lineage of this kami is not described in the classics. Nihongi's record of Emperor Nintoku's reign contains an anecdote regarding the offering of human sacrifices (hitobashira) to the river deity called "Lord of the River" (Jp. kahaku; Ch. Hebo) at the occasion of constructing a riverbank, and Nihongi's record of Empress Kōgyoku likewise notes that during a great drought, prayers were offered without effect to the "Lord of the River." The Man'yōshū includes poems indicating that the river kami serves the emperor, and numerous records from the Nara period reflect the offering of prayers to the kami of famous mountains and great rivers.
- reference source : Kokugakuin - Nakayama Kaoru -





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kahaku, kawa no kami 河伯 River Deity, "river chief"
Kahaku Shushin 河伯主神




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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


. ryuujin 竜神 /龍神 と伝説 Ryujin, Legends about the Dragon Deity .
Kawanokami is often seen as the same as the Ryujin Dragon Deity.
When he is offshore in the sea his wave pattern can sometimes be seen. In that case the fishermen sit down and pray to the deity.




......................................................................................... Akita 秋田県
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山本郡 Yamamoto district 二ツ井町 Futatsui town

Once upon a time, there was a year with not enough rain and water, people say the Kappa has come out and eaten all the cucumbers.
Since then farmers take the first two cucumbers of the harvest and throw it into the river shouting:
"川の神 Kawanokami, this is our offering!"




......................................................................................... Chiba 千葉県
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夷隅郡 Isumi district 夷隅町 Isumi town

Kappa is seen as Mizunokami, Kawanokami and an incarnation of a dragon deity.
If children are drowning in a river, this is the malicious deed of Kappa.




......................................................................................... Hyogo 兵庫県
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豊岡市 Toyooka city 竹野町 Takeno town

kawasoso, kawa soso 川ソソ Kamakami is called Kawasoso
He usually suppresses the Kappa 川コ Kawako, but lets him go on the last day of the sixth lunar month.
If someone goes into the river on this day, Kawako will take out his inner organs through the anus. He uses some iron tools to do that.




......................................................................................... Iwate 岩手県

Before peeing into a river, people ask Kawanokami to forgive them, to avoid his wrath.




......................................................................................... Kagoshima 鹿児島県


. Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain .
and Kawanokami, Kappa legends




......................................................................................... Kumamoto 熊本県
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熊本市 Kumamoto city

Kawanokami no tatari 川の神の祟 the curse of Kawanokami
Once there lived a man in the city called 平川円蔵 Hirakawa Enzo.
One he went to the local shrine and went to cut down the shinboku 神木 sacred tree, saying it was superstition not to cut such a tree.
Soon his wife became bewitched by the Kawanokami from the river 球磨川 Kumagawa and many strange things happened.

. shinboku 神木, shinju 神樹 sacred tree, divine tree .




......................................................................................... Nagasaki 長崎県
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On the 29th day of the 11th lunar month, Kawanokami comes walking along the road.
There is a strange noise like hyuuhyuu heard along the side of the pond.
It looks like a chidori 千鳥 plover with a long, red beek.
Sometimes it more looks like a man with a high hat, followed by many others. If people try to peek at the procession to see it clearly, it becomes invisible.


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -


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- Reference : 川の神

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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- - - - -  H A I K U  - - - - -

焼米を炒るや川の神見そなはす



長谷川零餘子 Hasegawa Reiyoshi (1886 - 1928)


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- #kawanokami #rivergod #riverdeity #flussgott #mizunokami #kappa #yamanokami -
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12/07/2019

Fuku no Kami legends

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Shinto Shrines (jinja 神社) - Introduction .
. kami 神 Shinto deities .
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Fuku no Kami, Fukunokami 福の神
God of Good Luck and Happiness


. Fuku no Kami 福の神 God of Good Luck / Fukusuke 福助 .
Introduction




- quote -
The god of happiness, represented in kyogen 狂言 plays by a masked figure kyogenmen 狂言面.
Fuku-no-kami always has a jovial, laughing expression like that of Ebisu 恵比須, and he is often portrayed using the ebisu mask. There are some masks specifically used for fuku-no-kami, whose features are carved with taut outlines indicating youth and refinement. This mask is used to play the central role in the kyogen play called FUKU-NO-KAMI 福の神.
- source : JAANUS -




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- His opponent is
. Binbogami 貧乏神 / ビンボウノカミ Bimbogami, Deity of Poverty .

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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


....................................................................... Aichi 愛知県 .....

ibohikida いぼひきだ a monster toad with warts
This toad-monster used black magic. Others say he is Fukunokami and if he lives below the veranda people should not tease or anger him.

. hikigaeru 蟇蛙 Legends about the toad, Bufo vulgaris .


source : Okinawa China School




....................................................................... Aomori 青森県 .....
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. ushi 牛と伝説 Legends about ox, bull, cow . . .
Once a villager got up early in the morning and saw two cows from his home walking to the neighbours house.
The man thought that Fukunokami must be living there and indeed, the neighbour became rich and prosperous.
His own family became extinct.




....................................................................... Chiba 千葉県 .....
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山武郡 Sanbu district

Ebisu sama エビス様 Honorable Ebisu
During the New Year, Ebisu walks around the area. To let him have some money, people put out an offering of a square wooden box filled with coins.
Ebisu is also called Ie no Kami 家の神 Kami of the Family.

. Ebisu 恵比寿 and Daikoku 大黒 .




....................................................................... Ehime 愛媛県 .....
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南宇和郡 Minami-Uwa district 愛南町 Ainan town

Before drawing wakamizu 若水 the first water of the year, people light the water surface with taimatsu 松明 a torch.
In former times they could see Fuku no Kami in the water.

. wakamizu 若水 first drawing of water, "young water" .
drawing the first water of the year at the double-hour of the tiger (tora no koku 寅の刻, from four to six in the morning) ...




....................................................................... Fukushima 福島県 .....
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南会津郡 Minami-Aizu district 南郷村 Nango village

Binbogami 貧乏神
Once a man heard footsteps at night and went out to have a look, there was a boozu 坊主 priest and he asked him:
"Where are you going?"
He replied "貧乏神 Binbogami" and the man was fast to repeat "Binbogami".
Later the priest came back again. This time he was invited into the home with great hospitality and became the Fuku no Kami of the family.




....................................................................... Gunma 群馬県 .....
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高崎市 Takasaki city 吉井町 Yoshii town

If one blows the flute in the morning, Fuku no Kami will not come.





....................................................................... Ibaraki 茨城県 .....
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行方郡 Namegata district 麻生町 Aso town

. Setsubun - oni wa soto 鬼は外 "Demons, get out!" .
On the day of Setsubun 節分 the Seasonal Divide people make special offerings, especially of hiiragi柊 a holly branch and put them on butsudan 仏壇 the Buddhist family altar, the kamidana 神棚 shelf of the Gods, for the 井戸の神 Ido no Kami and other places to make sure, the demons do not come in.
The offerings of iwashi イワシ are eaten by fuku no kami 福の神 the God of Good Luck.

. oni to hiiragi 鬼と柊 Demon and the Holly branch .

. Ido no Kami 井戸の神 / Idogami 井戸神 Deity of the Well .



....................................................................... Kyoto 京都府 .....

. Fukunokami and Binbogami .




....................................................................... Miyagi 宮城県 .....

If one taps on the side of the fireplace or beats a drum in the middle of the night, 貧乏神 Binbogami feels happy.
If one blows a flute in the house, Binbogami will come and Fuku no Kami will flee.
If one sings in the morning while still in bed, Binbogami will come.




....................................................................... Nagano 長野県 .....
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南佐久郡 Minami-Saku district 川上村 Kawakami village

If one tries to heat an empty water pot or hits the handle of the pan, Fuku no Kami will flee.
If one lights a fire for no purpose, 荒神 Aragami sama will send divine punishment.

. Aragami 荒神と伝説 Legends about the Aragami deity .
荒神様 Kojin sama, "rough god", "wild deity" - Hearth deity




....................................................................... Nagasaki 長崎県 .....
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西海市 Saikai city 西彼町 (せいひちょう) Seibi

On the first day of the New Year Fukunokami is walking around, so people have to hide metal things and money.




....................................................................... Niigata 新潟県 .....
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南蒲原郡 Minami-Kanbara district

If someone hits the bottom of the masu 桝 square wooden box used to measure rice, Fukunokami will run away.


masu with 大黒天 Daikoku the God of Good Luck

. masu 升 / 桝 measuring box .




....................................................................... Okayama 岡山県 .....
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真庭市 Maniwa town 鹿田 Shikata

. Marishiten 摩利支天 Marishi Ten .
In 落合町 Ochiai town many families venerate Marishi Ten in the home.
In 鹿田の陽堂 Shikata village they venerate him on a great rock in front of the house as Fukunokami.





....................................................................... Shiga 滋賀県 .....
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高島市 Takashima city

In people let pieces of a matsu no ki 松の木 pine tree smolder in the irori 囲炉裏 open hearth, Fukunokami can use the smoke to come down and bring good luck.

. irori 囲炉裏 / 居炉裏 / いろり open sunken hearth .





....................................................................... Yamaguchi 山口県 .....
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豊浦郡 Toyoura district 豊田町 Toyota (Toyoda)

Someone said Fuku no Kami had been here and put a mountain of gold on the roots of kaki no ki 柿ノ木 the persimmon tree.
But the man was too afraid to go out and have a look and did not get any.

. Legends about 柿ノ木 the Persimmon Tree .

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

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- #fukunokami #godofgoodluck #fukusuke -
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07/07/2019

Yabugami Yabukami legends

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. Shinto Shrines (jinja 神社) - Introduction .
. kami 神 Shinto deities .
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Yabugami 藪神 / ヤブガミ Kami of the thicket,
Kami of the bamboo grove


In Niigata, Uonuma is a train station called
藪神駅(やぶかみえき)Yabukami no eki.
There is also a dam called
薮神ダム Yabukami Dam.






............................................................................ Oita 大分県
川崎村 Kawasaki village

Many homes venerate their very own
. yashikigami 屋敷神 "estate deity" .

Jiguroo sama ジグロー様 Jiguro Sama
In the town of 鎮西町 Chinzeimachi the family 坂口家 Sakaguchi venerates Jiguro Sama.
When they built their house in 1865, they did not know about Jiguro sama and were reprimanded.
So they begun to venerate Jiguro Sama, the local Yabugami, as their "estate deity".

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Koichirogami 小一郎神 Koichiro no Kami
He is a kind of yashikigami 屋敷神 "estate deity" in Northern Kyushu.
Before he was venerated as Yabugami, many people in the village were very ill.
There is also a forest for him, 小一郎森 Koichiro Mori.
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Once the home of an ishiku 石工 stone mason was hit by a fire, but there was no reason for a fire to break out in the first place and no strong wind either. So he had a divination about his fate. He had often taken stones ouf of the Koichiro Moir and the deity was angry. He had promised to have a 神楽 Kagura performance for the Deity but forgotten to keep his promise, so his home burned down
- and
- at 大神村 the village Ogamura
The 佐藤家f Sato family venerated Koichirogami in their estate forest.
In November they held a festival in his honor and prayed to all the deities in the region.


Koichiro Jinja 小一郎神社 Koichiro Shinto Shrine
a famous place in Sada 佐田の名所

A deity to ward off evil and disaster, also to help with birth.
The person named Koichiro of this shrine seems to be the Samurai 新田小一郎義氏 Niida Koichiro (新田義氏 Niida Yoshiuji) of the castle 馬ヶ岳城 Umagatake Jo (present day 福岡県行橋市津積馬ヶ岳).
.
参考:小一郎信仰とは The belief in Koichiro
Most common at 国東半島 Kunisaki peninsula until South to Fukuoka and a few in Kumamoto.
Sometimes venerated as a stone monument with the name. Often in a forest 小一郎森 Koichiro Mori, where people are not allowed to cut trees.
These places are often in a thicked (yabu).
The spelling can be 小一郎、小市郎、今日霊、古市老、魂市郎、濃血霊、千人霊 ...
- reference source : oct-net.ne.jp/sada_m... -





............................................................................ Saga 佐賀県
東松浦郡 Higashi-Matsuura district 鎮西町 Chinzei town

A grave where the dead person is not known is called
yabu-baka 藪墓 (yabu no haka) grave in the thicket.
People who get a high fever or hurting legs and lower back pain are maybe cursed by Yabugami.

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Kishidake, Kishitake 岸岳 Mount Kishidake
There was a family which venerated Yabugami, but not as a Shinto deity but a Buddhist protector.
If they cut a tree or bamboo in his sacred forest they were cursed.
Yabugami is a relative of the deity from Mount Kishidake, who was split of from the main line because he behaved badly.
There is also a castle at the mountain, 鬼子岳城 Kishidake Jo.

- quote -
Kishidake castle / Kishitake castle (Kishidake-jo / Kishitake-jo)
- Magnificent mountain castle with sad history -
... Kishidake castle (岸岳城) is located at Kishidake mountain, one of about 250 meter tall from hillside at the root of Higashi-Matsuura peninsula in the north part of current Saga prefecture. Kishidake mountain places at the merging point of Matsuura-gawa river which flows into Karatsu-bay and its tributary Tokusue-gawa river, and at the middle of narrow flat area at the root of Higashi-Matsuura peninsula separated from Fukuoka plain, Saga plain and Sasebo area by mountains. ...
... Prosperity of the Hata clan ...
- source : japancastle.jp/2017/01/Kishidake-castle... -


- quote -
... Kishidake, the birthplace of Karatsu ware, is located in Kitahata ...
Conventional knowledge tells us that Karatsu ware got its start with the invasion of the Korean Peninsula by Toyotomi Hideyoshi from 1592 -1598, after Korean potters returning with the Japanese army started producing ceramics. However, even prior to this it is said that Sen no Rikyu treasured Karatsu ware. ...
- reference source : -




............................................................................ Yamaguchi 山口県
豊北町 Hohoku town

Yabugami 藪神 Kami of the thicket, of the bamboo grove
At 元山 Motoyama near 角島 Tsunoshima they use bow and arrow for Shinto rituals at the local Shrine and call the thicket nearby ヤブガミ Yabugami.
Half way on the mountain of Motoyama there is a kofun 古墳 tumulus in a bamboo grove called Yabugami.
The deity residing there is rather wild and feared by the people.
At 尾山 Oyama they keep a part of the land without cultivating anything and call the thicket Yabugami.
The fields around it are called 神様田 Fields of the Deity.
Water for the fields is provided by 水の神 Mizunokami, seen as Yabugami.

. Mizu no Kami, Mizunokami 水の神 Deity of Water - Legends .

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. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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- - - - -  H A I K U  - - - - -



藪神の脱ぎちらしたる竹の皮
Yabugami no nugi-chirashitaru take no kawa

the deity of
bamboo in the thicket
looses its skin


荒井正隆 Arai Masataka

. take no kawa nugu 竹の皮脱ぐ bamboo looses its skin .
- - kigo for Summer - -

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- #yabugami #yabukami -
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06/07/2019

hi no kami fire legends

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Shinto Shrines (jinja 神社) - Introduction .
. kami 神 Shinto deities .
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Hi no Kami, Hinokami 火の神 Deity of Fire - Legends
Kajin 火神


. Kagutsuchi カグツチ / 軻遇突智 Kagu-tsuchi - "incarnation of fire"
Homusubi no Mikoto 火産霊命 / Hinokagatsuchi 火之迦具土 .

He is the main deity in residence at the many Atago Jinja 愛宕神社 Atago shrines of Japan .


source : rekihaku-bo/historystation / イザナギとイザナミの国造り

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Ubugami toshite no hi no kami 産神としての火の神 The Kami of Birth as the Kami of Fire
Essay by 最上孝敬 Mogami Kokei

When giving birth even in hot Summer the fire of the hearth must be kept.
If there are flames of fire, no bad influence will come to the home.
So in Summer the fire is kept burning for seven days.

. Ubugami 産神 "deity of birth" .
産土神 Ubusunagami, Ubushina no Kami, Ubu no Kami (うぶすながみ、うぶしなのかみ、うぶのかみ)

. sanbi 産火 / 産忌 - shinibi 死火 / 死忌 fire taboos for birth and death .

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. Aragamisama, Koojinsama, Koojin sama 荒神様 Aragami .
Kamagami, Kamajin 釜神 The Hearth Deity - Fire in the Kitchen
Kamado no Kami カマドの神 Kami of the hearth, the kitchen stove


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Hi no Kami Inari 火の神稲荷の信仰諸相と形成過程
Essay by 大森恵子 Omori Keiko
稲荷信仰と宗教民俗
- reference source : iwata-shoin.co.jp... -

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Hifuse no tanishi Inari 火防せの田螺稲荷 Tanishi Inari preventing fire
Essay by 長沢利明

. tanishi 田螺 / たにし paddie snails, mud snails .


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

Jizo Bosatsu can detect fire at an early stage and help prevent fires with his spiritual power.
. Jizō - Jizo Bosatsu 地蔵菩薩 - ABC List .

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....................................................................... Akita 秋田県 .....
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仙北郡 Senboku district

Mizu no Kami 水の神
ツブ(田螺)は水の神の使いで、火災の難から守ってくれる。



....................................................................... Gifu 岐阜県 .....
.......................................................................
揖斐郡 Ibi district // Hinokami Inari 火の神稲荷

kitsune 狐 fox
洞泉寺の稲荷大明神は、境内の辺りに住んでいた白狐を祭祀したものだという。火防・五穀豊穣・福徳円満祈願などにご利益がある。




....................................................................... Kyoto 京都府 .....
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Hinokami Inari 火の神稲荷 // 火防 fire prevention

tanuki 狸
大正4年の大火の直後、熊野神社の神官が、「狸の祟りによって火災が起こった。狸を稲荷神として祭祀すれば火災の難から免れることができる」と託宣した。住民はただちに八王稲荷大明神として祭祀し、今でも火防にご利益があるとして参詣が絶えない。

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Kyoto, 足立区 Adachi ward // Hinokami Inari 火の神稲荷

kitsune 狐
明治40年ごろ本家から分家したとき、本家からついてきた狐を稲荷神として祭祀したのが屋敷神の始まりである。以前、火災の難を免れることができたのは屋敷神稲荷のおかげと今なお信じている。


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Kyoto, 与謝郡 Yosa district 伊根町

産神としての火の神
Aragamisama 荒神様 - Shrine Araisaki Jinja
新井崎神社は秦の徐福を祭る。新井崎さんが来る前の氏神は荒神様だった。荒神様の御神体は長物で、杉の大木に絡まっているところを新井崎さんに見つかり、藤の木に変えられてしまったという伝説がある。





....................................................................... Miyagi 宮城県 .....

. Legends about Jizo Bosatsu - 地蔵菩薩 .
When they wanted to built a new road, they had to fill up the well and relocate the statue of 地蔵 Jizo Bosatsu.
Jizo and Mizunokami and Hinokami 火の神 "Deity of Fire" came out every night to meet at the new spot. After some special rituals they stopped to come.

- - - - -
O-Hi Kamisama お火神様
ナンバン(唐辛子)や柿の種を燃やすと火難に遭うがこれを慎しむとお火神様が守ってくださる。




....................................................................... Nagano 長野県 .....
.......................................................................
飯田市

rooba no tatari 老婆のタタリ - Atago
梶谷に愛宕様があり、これは火の神様である。昔、村人が老婆を追い出して家を焼いた。そのタタリを恐れて愛宕様を招いたという。1月24日が祭日である



....................................................................... Oita 大分県 .....
.......................................................................
佐伯市 Saiki city

荒神様に関する俗信。荒神様は家内安全や火の神様である。土間から入ってくる人をにらみつけて良い人か悪人かを判断するために、入り口から見えるところにある。悪人が来ると退治してくれるという。人心がよく分かる神であり、嘘をついても荒神にはすぐ判るという、など。





....................................................................... Shiga 滋賀県 .....
.......................................................................
長浜市 Nagahama city // Hinokami Inari 火の神稲荷

kitsune 狐
大通寺のお花大明神は、伏見桃山城の材木を移して本堂を建てたとき、木について来た狐を祭祀したものである。お花狐は火災が発生しないように、連日寺の中を巡回し守り続けているという。毎月一度油揚げや赤飯などの供物を供える稲荷講の行事を続けている。




....................................................................... Shizuoka 静岡県 .....
.......................................................................
磐田郡 Iwata district 二俣町 Futamata town // 火防 fire prevention

Gyoki 行基,Tengu 天狗
光明山は夜、常に霊光を放つので「大鏡山」ともいう。行基菩薩が登山した際、白髪長髯の老人に出逢った。何者かと問うと、笠鋒坊権現と名乗り、火防の守であると答えた。これが行基菩薩と先明天狗笠鋒坊権現の開創ということになる。



....................................................................... Tochigi 栃木県 .....
.......................................................................
宇都宮市 Utsunomiya city // 火防 fire prevention

tengu 天狗
下野国宇都宮の成高寺の第4世祥貞和尚のもとへ、ある時修験者来て手を貸してほしいといった。持って行かれると困ると言ったら、貸すと言ってくれるだけで良いという。そこで貸すことを承諾すると、それ以来手がちじまって伸びなくなった。1ヵ月後に修験者が再びやって来て、手を借りた謝礼に火防の銅印を置いていった。
.
下野国宇都宮あたりにある東盧山盛高寺の祥貞和尚が、ある時天狗に腕を貸してくれと言われた。和尚は手を引抜いて持っていかれては困ると言うと、天狗はそういうことはしないが、ただ手を貸すと言ってくれと頼む。そこで和尚が貸す言うと天狗は感謝して帰ったが、和尚の腕は短くなった。しかし30日ほどたった時に、天狗が再びやってきて腕を返すと言い、火除けの銅印をくれたという。その日から和尚の腕はもとにもどり、またその書は火防になった。




....................................................................... Tokyo 東京都 .....
.......................................................................
練馬区 Nerima ward // Hinokami Inari 火の神稲荷

kitsune 狐
寺に老いた狐が住んでいた。狐が鳴いて火事を知らせることが2・3度あった。そのため大火にならずに住んだ。そのため火消稲荷と呼ぶようになった。


.......................................................................
西多摩郡 Nishi-Tama district 桧原村

1人前のウカガイになると神の姿が見えるようになる。和田の山の神は蛇の姿、大沢の山の神は小さい蛇、もう1つの山の神は嫁いだ身で大きな腹をしている。村境の道睦神は火の神でもあり、後光が差している。オズスナ様(産土神)は不動の姿をしている。

.......................................................................
多摩村 Tama village

Aragamisama 荒神様
9月ごろ、胡麻ができたときは小さく二束ほど束ねて荒神様にあげる。荒神様は火の神様なので、万が一子供が火に転げたときなど、胡麻のように火からはじき出してくれという心持で、である。





....................................................................... Yamagata 山形県 .....
.......................................................................
鶴岡市 Tsuruoka city

Jookadoo no hi 常火堂の火
鎮火神
常火堂の火は羽黒山の聖火である。開祖が護摩を修めようとしたときに、不動明王が剣をふるって血を護摩木に注ぐとたちまちに火となって燃え上がったと言う。もしくは、開祖がはじめて山を開いたときに火玉と水玉を授けられ、荒澤に埋めて鎮火神と崇められたのが常火堂の根元であるとかいわれている。

..............................................................................................................................................

- reference : nichibun yokai database -
火神 / 火防 - ok
40 火の神 (05) to collect

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. Mizu no Kami, Mizunokami 水の神 Deity of Water - Legends .

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- #hinokami #firegod #firedeity #hinokamiinari #inari -
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06/06/2019

mizunokami unagi legends

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Shinto Shrines (jinja 神社) - Introduction .
. kami 神 Shinto deities .
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Mizunokami to unagi 水の神とうなぎ / 鰻 Deity of Water and Eel Legends

. Mizu no Kami, Mizunokami 水の神 Deity of Water - Legends
.


. unagi うなぎ / 鰻 と伝説 Legends about the eel .


Utagawa Kuniyoshi 歌川国芳

..............................................................................................................................................

鰻と水の神 Unagi to Mizu no Kami
早川孝太郎 Hayakawa Kotaro (1889 - 1956) / 民俗学者、画家

Most of the legends below are from the essay by Hayakawa san.
Some are about hebi 蛇 a serpent, imori 井守 a newt or Kappa san.

. hebi 蛇と伝説 Legends about snakes and serpents .

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As I am writing about Unagi, there is this news at NHK:


Loch Ness monster 'may be a giant eel'
An international team of scientists says the fabled Loch Ness monster in Scotland, also known as "Nessie," could be a giant eel.
"Nessie" is said to be a dinosaur-like creature with a long neck.
The research team was led by Professor Neil Gemmell, a geneticist from the University of Otago in New Zealand. Gemmell said on Thursday that they did not find any DNA for dinosaur-like creatures in samples taken from some 250 locations in Loch Ness.
But Gemmell said there is a lot of eel DNA in the water and the scientists cannot exclude the possibility the Loch Ness monster may be a giant eel.
The team took samples of so-called environmental DNA from the water and compared this data with known genetic sequences.
- source : NHK September 06, 2019 -


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

....................................................................... Aichi 愛知県  .....
.......................................................................
新城市 Shinshiro city 長篠村 Nagashina village

. ryuuguu 竜宮と伝説 Ryugu Legends about the Dragon Palace .
At the river 寒渓川 Kankeigawa is an access to the Dragon Palace.
The master of this 川淵 riverside is an eel.
Once or twice a year it hunts for ayu 鮎 sweetfish (trout) and shows his features on the water surface. Its tail is said to be in the form of a hand fan.




....................................................................... Aomori 青森県 .....
.......................................................................

The lord of 十和田湖 lake Towadako is an eel which is very very large, maybe more than 1400 meters.
. Hachirootaroo 八郎太郎 Hachirotaro, Hachiro-Taro. .





....................................................................... Gifu 岐阜県 .....

. unagi to oni 鰻 the Eel and yooki 妖鬼 the Monster Demon .
and 白鰻 one white eel, kami no tsukai 神の使いの鰻 messenger of the deity




....................................................................... Ibaraki 茨城県 .....
.......................................................................
龍ヶ崎市 Ryugasaki city

. Kokuzo Bosatsu 虚空蔵菩薩 Kokūzō, Akashagarbha .

kami no o-tsukai 神のお使い messenger of the deity
There are various stories about the relationship of the deity 虚空蔵 Kokuzo and the eel.
Kokuzo is the patron deity of people born in ushi 丑 the year of the bull. These people are not allowed to eat eel their whole life.
In the temple ponds are often quite a lot of eels, seen as the local messengers of the deity.
Of course they are not caught by others and never eaten.



うなぎのお寺 彦倉虚空蔵尊 A Temple for Eels - Hikokura in Saitama
- reference source : unagino-otera.jp... -
This statue was erected in 2005.
The spere of about 50 cm represents the space.
Inside are the carvings of two eels and two baby eels.
Every fourth sunday in October there is うなぎ供養会 a special memorial service for the eel.
People come here to express their gratitude for this animal.

- There is reason why this Kokuzo is related to the eel.
Well, many many years ago, a young farmer couple had a baby. The couple went to the fields to work and took the baby, laid it near the edge of the large field, where it fell asleep soon.
The parents worked all day and did not hear the baby.
BUT - when the baby woke up, there came an eel and the baby followed it to the river, where it fell and was taken away by the waves.
When the parents came back in the evening, they could not find the child. They searched everywhere, even the neighbours came searching, but they could not find it.
It must have been kidnapped by the gods . . .
So finally they went home, passing a nearby temple, when they heard the voice of their baby crying. They went inside and found a statue of Kokuzo, all dripping wet, with many eels around its legs. And the baby was there too, with no harm done to it.
Kokuzo had saved and protected the baby with the help of the eels . . .
and thus is became うなぎのお寺 the "Eel Temple".
1-83-1 Hikokura, Misato, Saitama / 埼玉県三郷市彦倉





....................................................................... Iwate 岩手県  .....

imori 井守 (いもり) newt, eft, kind of salamander
In the area of 九戸郡 Kunohe there are legneds about 八郎太郎 Hachirotaro, Hachiro-Taro. He once attacked the guardian dragon of Lake Towada.
A young man from 大川目村荒津平 Okawame village drank water from a spring and swallowed a newt by accident.
When the boy became older, be grew up to be quite a giant and never lost a fight.
Later he became the Lord of
. Hachiroogata 八郎潟 Hachirō-gata .
in Akita.

.......................................................................
花巻市 Hanamaki city

In the district of 稗貫郡 Hienuki in a temple forest lives a 蛇 serpent venerated as 雲南権現 Unnan Gongen.




There is a small shrine in its honor.
source and more photos : rubese.net/gurucomi...

.......................................................................
宮古市 Miyako city 茂市 Moichi

. Kappa 河童 legends from Iwate .
At the confluence of river 閉伊川 Heigawa and 宮古川 Miyakogawa there is a river pool and a small shrine by its side.
They say a Kappa lives here and sometimes there are water accidents.




....................................................................... Kagawa 香川県  .....

讃岐三豊の水神 Sanuki Mitoyo no Suijin
細川敏太郎 Hosokawa Bintaro


.......................................................................
羽方(現高瀬町) Takase Hagata

unagibuchi ryuuoo 鰻淵龍王 the Dragon King of the Eel Pool
is venerated on a rock with a shimenawa 注連縄 sacred rope around it.
There live kuro-unagi 黒鰻 black eels and shiro-unagi 白鰻 white eels.
If people saw a black eel, it would rain. If they saw a white eel, it would shine..
Many people came to find out about the rain in their region.




....................................................................... Kagoshima 鹿児島県 .....
.......................................................................
大島郡 Oshima district 瀬戸内町 Setouchi town

kami no o-tsukai 神のお使い messenger of the deity
At 古仁屋町勝浦 Koniya town, Katsuura, there is one 泉 spring where many eels live.
The people who live nearby venerate them as the messengers of God. and to not hunt them. They have a special black spot on the head, a sign from Mizunokami.




....................................................................... Kyushu 九州  .....

- - - - - 奄美大島の水神 Amami Oshima no Suijin
- - - - - 山下文武 Yamashita Fumitake


This Suijin does not like "long things", like the eel.
If people who belief in Siujin eat an eel, they will fall ill and will be cursed.
So nobody even tried to eat eel.




....................................................................... Miyagi 宮城県  .....
.......................................................................
栗原市 Kurihara city 金成町 Kannari town

Where the river is very deep and few people come, there is the living ground of the honorable Eel.
Sometimes children come here and have accidents. One day two blind people came from the North and killed the eel.





....................................................................... Shizuoka 静岡県  .....
.......................................................................
浜松市 Hamamatsu city

kami no tsukai 神の使い messenger of the deity
One of the
Tōtōmi no Nanafushigi 遠江七不思議 The Seven Wonders of Totomi
At 引佐郡奥山村 Inasa district, in Okuyama village, there is 鰻井戸 / うなぎ井戸 a well where eels live.
In Summer and Winter, people can see eels swim in the water and think it is the messenger of Mizunokami.




....................................................................... Tochigi 栃木県  .....

Mizu no Kami 水の神
Iwadakemaru 岩嶽丸
The villain Iwadakemaru was beheaded, and his head flew away and got stuck on a large tree, he then fell into a nearby pond and died.
The vengeful spirit of Iwadake Maru became a daija 大蛇 large serpent and caused much trouble.
The villagers built a Shrine to apease his soul and venerated him as 八竜神 one of the eight Dragon Deities.
He is now the protector of the waterways and the fields.

. Hachiryuu 八龍神社 Eight Dragon Shrines .


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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

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日本うなぎ検定

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. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .
. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- #mizunokamieel #eelmizunokami #unagi -
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04/06/2019

mizu no kami water legends

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .
. Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami - Introduction .
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Mizu no Kami, Mizunokami 水の神 Deity of Water - Legends

. Mizu no Kami 水の神 Deity of Water / Suijin 水神 .
- Introduction -

水神様 / スイジンサマ Suijin Sama


venerated in Katsuyama, Okayama


- Another name for this deity is
. Ido no Kami 井戸の神 / Idogami 井戸神 Deity of the Well .

. kawa no kami 川の神と伝説 Legends about the "River Deity" .

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. Uma to Mizu no Kami 馬と水の神 Mizunokami and Horse Legends .

. Unagi to Mizu no Kami 鰻と水の神 Mizunokami and Eel Legends .

- - - A dragon is often seen as Mizunokami.
. ryuu, ryū 龍 / 竜 と伝説 Ryu - dragon legends .

- - - A serpent is often seen as Mizunokami.
. hebi 蛇と伝説 Legends about snakes and serpents .

- - - The Kappa is often seen as Mizunokami Suijin
. suijin 水神 河童 Kappa as water deity .
and Kappa Jinja 河童神社 Kappa Shinto Shrines

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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

. kani 蟹 crab, Krabbe .
People who believe in 金毘羅権現 Konpira Gongen think that crabs are messengers of Mizunokami.
When they make a wish, they stop eating crabs until it is fulfilled. Some have never eaten a crab in their whole life.

. Konpira Daigongen . 金毘羅大権現 .




............................................................................ Akita 秋田県
.......................................................................
仙北郡 Senboku district

. tanishi 田螺 mud snails .
Mud snails are seen as messengers of Mizunokami. They protect from fire.




............................................................................ Fukuoka 福岡県
.......................................................................
みやま市 Miyama city 瀬高町 Setaka machi town

Suijin sama スイジンサマ, the Kappa
The Idogami 井戸神 God of the Well is also called Suijin Sama.
Its festival is on the 5th day of the 5th lunar month and called
Kappa San Matsuri 河童さん祭り Festival of Kappan San.
People make special offerings of salt, small sardines a
nd rice packed in large bamboo leaves and add some Sake poured into bamboo tubes.



............................................................................ Fukushima 福島県
.......................................................................
いわき市 Iwaki city

mochi 餅 rie cakes for Suijin Sama
On the New Years day people make offerings of mochi 餅 rice cakes, put red chopsticks into them and fasten a mizuhiki 水引 auspicious paper string around it.
This offering is hung on the jizai kagi 自在かぎ / 自在鈎 pot hook over the open hearth.
When the whole family gathers around the hearth, someone takes it of secretly and eats the rice cake to become a strong man.



. irori 囲炉裏 / 居炉裏 / いろり open sunken hearth .




............................................................................ Ishikawa 石川県
.......................................................................
鳳至郡 Hosu district 門前町 Monzen

daija 大蛇 a huge serpent
In the upper stream of the river 五十洲川 Igisugawa there is a deep river pool where people perform amagoi 雨乞い rain rituals.
The Mizunokami was seen as a huge serpent.
Once this serpent wanted to get a young woman from the village. The parents of the girl made a doll and put some poison inside. They left the doll on the river side and the huge serpent ate it - and then died.




............................................................................ Kagawa 香川県
.......................................................................
東かがわ市 Higashi-Kagawa city

Suijin Sama does not like metal things, so they must not be thrown into water.





............................................................................ Kagoshima 鹿児島県

. Legends about the Kappa 河童伝説 from Kyushu.

.......................................................................
熊毛郡 Kumage district 上屋久町 Kamiyaku town

suijin sa 水人サア Suijin Sama (in the local dialect)
In the local river lives a Kappa, called ガラッパ Garappa in the local dialect.
Many years ago a fisherman was stolen his mussels and fish by this Kappa.
If people make offerings of salt and rice to 川の水神様 the Mizu no Kamisama, Water Deity of the River, they will have no accidents.
If one coughs loud to announce his presence before going into the river or the sea for fishing, Suijin will not be taken by surprize and not curse anyone.

.......................................................................
川内市 Sendai city 向田町 Mukoda town

suijin sekizoo 水神石像,Garappa ガラッパ
There is a large statue of Mizunokami in the village which resembles very much the local Garappa Kappa.

.......................................................................
曽於郡 Soo district

Suijin Sama スイジンサマ -
names for the Kappa ガラッパサン Garappa san,ガラッパドン Garappa Don
Garappa don steals cucumbers to eat and pulls children into the river.
Until around 1950 on the day of the Spring Equinox, people could hear a voice like a bird, ピーピー piipii and thought that Suijin Sama is now coming down from the mountains to the river (like Yamanokami and Tanokami).
People can not see the deity, but the sound is frightening and they can not sleep.
In Autumn, when the Deity goes back from the river to the mountain, the villagers do not hear any soune.

.......................................................................
鹿児島市 Kagoshima city

山の神様 Yama no Kami Sama and 水神様 Suijin Sama
Once a hunter was in the mountains when his wife gave birth to a boy. A few years later on the 16th day of the 5th lunar month, Suijin Sama would come to get the baby, but the clever father bound the boy tight to a pole and all was fine.
On this day people also write the name of their children on a cucumber, a special food of Kappa san, and throw it into the river as an offering.


. Ido no Kami 井戸の神 / Idogami 井戸神 Deity of the Well .





............................................................................ Kumamoto 熊本県
.......................................................................
球磨郡 Kuma district 多良木町 Taragi town

- - - - - names for the Kappa
ガワッパ Gawappa,水神様 Suijin sama,ヤマンタロウ Yama-n-Taro,カワンカミサン Kawa-n-Kami San
People make offerings of dango 団子 rice dumplings for the River Festival and later eat them at home to be protected from mischieves of the River Kappa.
This River Kappa goes back to the mountain forest in Autumn.
.
At the temple 青蓮寺 Shoren-Ji
They celebrate and get 水神の札 an amulet from Suijin on the first day of the second and 12th month of the lunar calendar.
To prorect them from water accidents, the villagers make mochi 餅 rice cakes, write the ritual name of Kobo Daishi 南無大師遍照金剛 on paper to wrap the rice cakes and place them on a stone by the river or throw them into the river.







............................................................................ Miyagi 宮城県
.......................................................................
本吉町 Motoyoshi town

mizu no kami san 水の神さん
When they wanted to built a new road, they had to fill up the well and relocate the statue of 地蔵 Jizo Bosatsu.
Jizo and Mizunokami and Hinokami 火の神 "Deity of Fire" came out every night to meet at the new spot. After some special rituals they stopped to come.

. Legends about Jizo Bosatsu - 地蔵菩薩 .





............................................................................ Miyazaki 宮崎県

. Legends about the Kappa 河童伝説 from Kyushu.

.......................................................................
東臼杵郡 Higashi-Usuki district 西郷村 Nishigo village

Hyoosubo ヒョウスボ Hyosubo (a name for Kappa)
Hyosubo is seen as Mizunokami. In Autumn he goes up to the mountains, in Spring he comes down to the river (just like Yamanokami and Tanokami).
When he is up in the mountains, he sometimes calls 「ヒョー」 hyoooo.

.......................................................................
都城市 Miyakonojo

gaguresan ガグレサン a Kappa 河童
When giving birth it is best to have three deities near by:
鬼子母神 Kishibojin, 箒神様 Hokigami and 水の神様 Mizunokami (in his form as Gagure san).





............................................................................ Niigata 新潟県
.......................................................................
新発田市 Shibata city

Suijin sama 水神様
On the 15th day of the 11th lunar month, people express their gratitude for water.
They make offerings and place them near their ido 井戸 well and along the slope on the beach on branches of the
enoki 榎 nettle tree. To prevent them from meeting any monsters, the villagers do not look back at the tree on their way home.

. enoki 榎 nettletree, Chinese hackberry tree .




............................................................................ Okayama 岡山県

Yamanokami 山の神 and hachi daikoojin 八大荒神 eight great wild deities
The eight great wild deities are venerated at the temple 遍照寺 Hensho-Ji on top of 光明山 Mount Komyosan. The mountain has two peaks and between them is a pond.
In former times people saw a strange light in the pond and thought is must be Yamanokami or Mizunokami.
Later they thought it might have been a large serpent.

.......................................................................
真庭市 Maniwa city

. Legends about the Kappa 河童伝説 .
suijin no kodomo 水神の子供 the child of Mizunokami
Since olden times Kappa is seen as the child of Mizunokami. In Northern Okayama he is called
ゴンゴ Gongo.
Along the coast of Kojima he is called
ゴンゴージ Gongooji
In Maniwa, Yubara city is a river pool called
赤子淵 / 赤子ヶ淵 Akagobuchi, Riverpool of the Baby.
If someone passes here alone, he can hear the voice of a crying baby - and then Gongo is coming out, they say.




............................................................................ Okinawa 沖縄県
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kinmamon 君真物 / キンマモン a female serpent deity
The character jin 壬 represents water.
To pray for enough rain for a good harvest, people invite 太陽神 a sun deity テルコ Teruko, who can control fire and water at the same time.
On many islands the Deity of the Sea 海神 (Kaijin, Wadazumi) is also seen as the Mizunokami.

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A kooro 香炉 incense burner used especially by women is called
kuuru クール Kuru.
Kandin カンディン is a personal deity and like Kuru can be seen as Mizunokami.
Kuru is used by a few women together in prayer groups and when all of this group have died, after the funeral rites, it is disposed of.

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Miti nu kan / anda min / nuchi ミディ・ヌ・カン・ヌチ
are various names for Mizunokami.
anda min (アンダ・ミン)/ anda mizu no nushi アンダ水の主 is Mizu no kami.




............................................................................ Nagano 長野県
.......................................................................
飯山市 Iiyama city

In the river there lives 水神様 Suijin Sama.

.......................................................................
東御市 Tomi city

maruiwa no kashi-wan 丸岩の貸し椀 .
A pious young couple had prayed to the 道祖神 Dosojin, wayside gods and a boy was born.
They wanted to celebrate, but did not have enough trays and bowls for the guests.
At night both saw a beautiful woman in their dreams (Mizunokami), who told them to write the number of trays and bowls on a piece of paper and throw the paper into a crack of the round rock.
They did as advised and next morning the trays and bowls were placed in front of the rock.
After the event they brought them back and the trays and bowls disappeared in no time.
Since then other villagers used the crack in the rock to get help. But then a wicked person did not bring them back and from that time on, no more things were lend for the villagers.

. Zenwanbuchi 膳椀淵 "river pool for trays and bowls". .

. Doosojin 道祖神 Dosojin, Dososhin - Legends about Wayside Gods .



............................................................................ Saitama 埼玉県
.......................................................................

If people eat the first harvest of kyuuri きゅうり cucumbers and to not offer them to 水神様 Suijin Sama, their children will have water accidents.
This Suijin Sama is a Kappa, who is known to like cucumbers.





............................................................................ Shiga 滋賀県
.......................................................................
甲賀郡 Koka district

. Mizunokami and Yamanokami 山の神 .
at shrine 笠山神社 / 瘡山神社 Kasayama Jinja





............................................................................ Wakayama 和歌山県
.......................................................................
日高郡 Hidaka district

. Mizunokami and Yamanokami 山の神 .
- counting trees and fish




............................................................................ Yamaguchi 山口県
.......................................................................
豊北町 Hohoku town

. Mizunokami and Yabugami 藪神 / ヤブガミ Kami of the thicket, .





............................................................................ Yamanashi 山梨県
.......................................................................
北都留郡 Kita-Tsuru district 小菅村 Kosuge village

Suijin Sama スイジンサマ
is the local name for Mizunokami.
He prevents the river from getting to wild and protects the wells.
When people have to work in a river, they they place a white sheet of paper and salt on a rock, with the inscription:
"Suijin sama, we have to remove this rock, so please go somewhere else."

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西山梨郡 Nishi-Yamanashi district 千代田村 Chioda village

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .
After having made a new straw roof, people venerate Tengu san, who is seen as Mizunokami, to protect the home from fire.
The ancestors of the yaneya 屋根屋 roof makers is the deity 猿田彦 Sarutahiko, the ancestor of the Tengu.


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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -
水の神 / スイジンサマ - OK
246 水神 to collect

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sakana no bunkashi 魚の文化史 cultural history of fish
矢野憲一 Yano Kenichi (1938 - )

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. Umi no Kami 海の神 God of the Sea / 海神 Watatsumi, Wadatsumi, Kaijin .

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