Showing posts with label - - Yama no Kami - -. Show all posts
Showing posts with label - - Yama no Kami - -. Show all posts

04/06/2019

mizu no kami water legends

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .
. Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami - Introduction .
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Mizu no Kami, Mizunokami 水の神 Deity of Water - Legends

. Mizu no Kami 水の神 Deity of Water / Suijin 水神 .
- Introduction -


venerated in Katsuyama, Okayama


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .



............................................................................ Shiga 滋賀県
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甲賀郡 Koka district

. Mizunokami and Yamanokami 山の神 .
at shrine 笠山神社 / 瘡山神社 Kasayama Jinja





............................................................................ Wakayama 和歌山県
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日高郡 Hidaka district

. Mizunokami and Yamanokami 山の神 .
- counting trees and fish


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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -
42 to explore (02)
246 水神 to collect

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. Umi no Kami 海の神 God of the Sea / 海神 Watatsumi, Wadatsumi, Kaijin .

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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- #yamanokami #godofthemountains #tanokami #mizunokami #waterdeity -
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02/06/2019

umi no kami sea legends

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .
. Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami - Introduction .
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Umi no Kami 海の神 God of the Sea
Watatsumi, Wadatsumi, Kaijin 海神


. The three deities of Wadatsumi 綿津見三神 .
The sea deity Ōwatatsumi no kami
Many legends related to dragons.

His messenger is the kujira 鯨 whale.

. kujira 鯨 whale, Walfisch .
- Introduction and haiku -

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海神神社 Kaijin Jinja
Nagasaki - 長崎県対馬市峰町木坂247 / 247 Minemachi Kisaka, Tsushima, Nagasaki
- reference source : shinto-jinja.jp... -


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- - - - - A legend known in many parts of Japan

. okoze 虎魚 / 鰧魚 / オコゼ stonefish .
Once 山の神と海の神 the Kami of the Mountain and the Kami of the Sea had a fight and because of Okoze,
Yamanokami, the Kami of the Mountain won.
Since that event, Yamanokami likes Okoze.


Okoze from Bizen Pottery


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....................................................................... Kagawa 香川県 .....
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三豊郡 Mitoyo district 託間町 Takuma cho town

. ookami 狼 Okami, wolf legends .
At the Shrine 三崎神社 Misaki Jinja the wolf is venerated as the messenger of Uminokami. People are not supposed to look at this animal. His howling sounds like gooo-gooo.
A single wolf is the messenger of the deity, but if they come in a group, people have to take precautions.





....................................................................... Kagoshima 鹿児島県 .....
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曽於郡 Soo district

Uminokami does not like umeboshi 梅干 dried salted plums, so fishermen should not throw the stones into the water.





....................................................................... Kochi 高知県 .....



Once upon a time, a VERY LONG time,
whales lived on the mountains. When a whale moved its big body, the trees fell down and the plants were destroyed . . . the other animals on the mountain very much in distress. Yamanokami had observed this for some time and then called to Uminokami:
"Hey, God of the Sea, may I give the whale to you to take care of?"
"Sure, why not!" and thus the whale moved to the sea. ....
- reference source : minwa.fujipan.co.jp/area... -




....................................................................... Kumamoto 熊本県 .....
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In Kumamoto, ウミノカミ Uminokami is the same as the water goblin Kappa.
When a woman is ready to give birth soon, first they cook 白飯 white rice and put it in a bowl as an offering, put in the rom next to the woman. This is an offering for Uminokami.
If the family does not make this offering, Uminokami might come and get the baby.

. 河童 Kappa legends from Kumamoto 熊本県 .




....................................................................... Mie 三重県 .....
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熊野市 Kumano city

same 鮫 shark
The 14th day of the 6th lunar month is the festival day for Uminokami, also called oojiro sama オオジロ様 Ojiro sama. The festival is also called
Uminokami is also called 磯辺さん Isobe san.
People prepare 3 or 7 shark fish as an offering and nobody goes into the sea on this day.

. same 鮫 (さめ) shark .




....................................................................... Oita 大分県 .....

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国東郡 Kunisaki district 姫島村 Himeshima mura village

ryuuguu sama 竜宮様 dragon palace deity, Uminokami
Fishermen should not throw water after washing rice into the sea. They should keep it in a barrel and throw it on the land when they come home.
To muddy the sea water in an affront toward Uminokami and should not be done.

.ryuuguu 竜宮と伝説 Ryugo Legends about the Dragon Palace .

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白杵市 Usuki city

kujira 鯨 whale
In the year 1886, fishermen had caught a whale, but when they pulled it on the boat, it was already dead.
Since the whale is the messenger of Uminokami, they put its bones and 一文銭 one coin as an offering and made a fine funeral for the fish.


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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -
96 海神 to collect

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. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .

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. Mizu no Kami, Mizunokami 水の神 Deity of Water - Legends .

. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- #yamanokami #godofthemountains #tanokami #uminokami #godofthesea #ocean #kaijin #ryugu #dragonpalace -
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28/04/2019

kami no ashiato

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Shinto Shrines (jinja 神社) - Introduction .
. kami 神 Shinto deities .
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kami no ashiato 神の足跡 / あしあと footprints of a Kami
kamisama no ashiato 神様の足あと


There are some boulders and rocks with this name.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

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越前海岸の奇岩の伝説
Legend about a strange rock-formation on the Echizen coast

The footprint is about 5 m long and 2 m wide.
Once upon a time, farmers came here during a long period of drought and prayed for rain.
There was a voice promising "There will be water!" and from behind the cliff the footprints were visible.



- reference source : blogs.yahoo.co.jp/syoukousi4... -

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Legend says that 琵琶湖 Lake Biwako started as a footprint of the Kami.

日本の神話には、神様の足跡として琵琶湖は描かれている。
- reference source : www.2724.com/biwako... -


- reference source : sirokuronekotokuroneko...-


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There is a festival in the town of 塙町 Hanawa in Fukushima,
伊香おすわ様 Ika Osuwa Sama
It has a history of more than 200 years and was introduced to drive out illness like the plague.
About 10 young men 20 years of age get a purification ritual from the Shrine and then run around the village in the evening for about 4 hours. They wear white Tabi socks.
The young men prepare 餅つき Mochi rice cakes. When it gets dark they take 獅子頭 a lion's head and the rice cakes.
They enter each of the about 120 homes through the veranda of the living room and run out through the main door, leaving dirty footprints on the floor.

But since they are the messengers of the "Deity", this dirt may only be cleaned away until the next morning.
The family is sitting in the living room cheering when they come.
Mid-July.


- quote
神様の足あと ー 伊香おすわ様

福島県の南東部、茨城県との県境にある塙町の集落、伊香・古宿地区で、毎年 7 月中旬に行われる祭りです。
地区で流行した疫病の厄払いが起源とされ、200 年以上の歴史があるとも言われています。主役は二十歳前後の男たち。...
- source : twellv.co.jp/program

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青銅の神の足跡
谷川健一 Tanigawa Kenichi
古代鍛冶氏族の役割と足どりを詳細に追跡。徹底した実証と鋭い感性で銅鐸の謎に文化史の視線を当て、記紀成立以前の社会を大胆に復元し、日本文化の基底をなす金属神から農耕神への逆転を明示。
- at amazon com -


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

....................................................................... Niigata 新潟県 .....
古志郡 Koshi district

. Yamanokami Legends from Niigata 新潟県 .
Yamanokami is a woman with a rather wild character. She has only one eye and one leg.
There is a boulder with one footprint and one imprint of a walking stick,
Yamanokami no ashiato 山の神の足跡石.

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

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. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .
. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- #ashiato #footprints #kaminoashiato -
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16/03/2019

Yamanokami Regional 33 Akita

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .
. Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami - Introduction .
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Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
and Legends from Akita 秋田県


. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .


source : forbesjapan.com/article...

. Namahage なまはげ / 生剥げ demons of Akita .
The servants of Yamanokami, the demons from the Oga peninsula, are allowed to come down to the local families on the 15th day of the first lunar month.


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田の神,山の神 Tanokami becomes Yamanokami
On the 16th day of the 10th lunar month,
Tanokami goes back and becomes Yamanokami. Pepopletake a rest and celebrate with offerings of konamochi 粉餅 rice cakes powdered with walnut powder.
On this day it is not allowed to go to the forest and work.
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Inside a mine it is not allowed to whistle or clap your hands. If you do, Yamanokami, who supports the ceiling with his hands, becomes happy and pulls his hands away.
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. Okojo, Okoze オコゼ a short-tailed weasel or ferret .
the messenger of Yamanokami.


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. matagi 又鬼 - マタギ と伝説 Legends about bear hunters .

In Akita there are many bear-hunter communities.
On the festival day of the female Yamanokami, who is very jealous, their womenfolk do not dare to go outside all day.




....................................................................... 秋田市 Akita city .....

kuri no ki 栗の木 sweet chestnut tree
Deep in the mountain forest is a huge sweet chestnut tree, where Yamanokami is venerated. Even if cut down it will soon be up again.
Once a man named 弥兵衛 Yahei tried to cut this tree down, but blood came sprouting from the tree and a boy of 5 years came out. The child had a strange figure and looked very angry, picking up Yahei and throwing him on the ground, telling him never to cut this tree again.

. kami no ki, kaminoki  神の木、神ノ木 tree of the deity, tree of Yamanokami .




....................................................................... 平鹿郡 Hiraka district .....
山内村 Sannai mura village

. Hihi 狒々/ 狒狒 / 比々 Hihi Baboon Monster .
About 400 years ago a samurai named 大次郎 Daijiro moved to the village from 仙台 Sendai. His younger brother left his wife and child behind and said he would go hunting.
A monster baboon came and ate the daughter of his brother. The poor younger brother was very angry and with the consent of Daijiro went out to kill the baboon.
Later they burried the body of the baboon and all their old weapons in the ground of a local school. They started to venerate Yamanokami at that place.



....................................................................... 上小阿仁村 Kamikoani village .....
in 北秋田郡 Kita-Akita district

In the village of Kami-Koani there was one area where Yamanokami was seen as 男神 a male deity and one where she was 女神 a female deity.
After a wedding ceremony husband and wife were not allowed to go into the mountain forest for a few days, because Yamanokami was very jealous.
So young couples went to work in the fields, made tools from straw and performed other work inside the house.
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A couple went to the mountain forest to make charcoal. The husband cut a tree from a dangerous place. His wife observed him from below and saw a woman supporting his hips. The wife thought he was being unfaithful and called out "Shame on you!" The figure of the supporting woman disappeared on the spot and the husband fell deep into the valley.
The female Yamanokami had been helping him.



....................................................................... 鹿角郡 Kazuno district .....

Nanzoboo 南祖坊 Priest Nanzobo and Hachitaroo, 八太郎 Hachitaro
The Lord of 十和田湖 lake Towadako was called 八太郎 Hachitaro.
One day a strange priest named Nanzobo came and told him to hand the lake over to him. Both begun to fight and Hachitaro lost.
So he begun to block the river 米代川 Yoneshirogawa and built a new lake.
Now Yamanokami came and threw stones at him, so Hachitaro had to flee again.
He run very far away and became the Lord of 八郎潟 Hachirogata.


- CLICK for more photos of the Hachirogata area !

- quote -
Hachirōgata (八郎潟 Hachirō-gata) is a lake in Akita Prefecture in northern Japan.
Its formal name is Lake Hachirō (八郎湖 Hachirō-ko), but it is also called Hachirōgata Regulating Pond (八郎潟調整池 Hachirō-gata chōseichi). At 4 meters below sea level, Hachirōgata is the lowest point in Japan. . . .
According to a legend,
a man called Hachirō was transformed into a dragon and chose the lake for his home after wandering a long time. Thus, the lake was named Hachirō-gata (-gata means "lagoon").
Later, he was attracted to a woman who owned Lake Tazawako, another lake in Akita Prefecture, and moved to be with her. After that, Hachirōgata became increasingly shallower.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !




....................................................................... 北秋田郡 Kita-Akita district .....
荒瀬村 Arasemura village

Once on a snowing night Yamanokami took the form of a pregnant woman and asked for shelter at the hut of seven woodcutters, but she was turned away.
At the next hut of six woodcutters she was taken in cordally. So Yamanokami gave them four 大熊 great bears as a present.
Then Yamanokami turned the group of seven into 小鼠 small mice with no special color.




....................................................................... 仙北市 Senboku city, Semboku .....

. takezaiku 竹細工 legends about craft from bamboo .
If a child is born, Yamanokami spends the whole night at the Shrine to decide the fate of the baby.
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Once a wife took some lunch to her father working in the mountain. But the female Yamanokami became jealous and when the father cut a tree, he fell below it and died.
- - - - -
Yamanokami becomes Tanokami in spring and is seen as female. The deity likes
. okoji オコジ(虎魚)and Yamanokami .
Yamanokami is usually helping with a birth . . . . .


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Senboku 西木町 Nishiki town

大石岳 Mount Oishidake (1,059 m)
On the 10th day of the second lunar month, it was not allowed to go to the mountain.
Yamanokami was sewing seeds for trees on this day.
Others say they should not go to the mountain and should not bring Natto fermented beans as food, lest Yamanokami would let them slip and fall.
They also should not wash their dishes in the river because Yamanokami might want to swim down the river on that day.

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Senboku 西仙北町 Nishi-Senboku town

bakko sugi バッコ杉 Bakko cedar
On the 9th day of the second lunar month, on the day of Yamanokami, a man went to the forest to make charcoal, although it was forbidden.
On his way home he saw his bakko バッコ(末娘) youngest daughter, who was supposed to be home. He called her but she did not turn around, so he started running after her, but could not catch up. When he came to
kugikake no oo-sugi 鉤掛けの大杉 the big cedar tree further down the valley, he lost sight of her. When he came home, his daughter had been home all the time, waiting for him. Since then the name of the tree changed to
Bakko Sugi, cedar of the youngest daughter.


about 38 m high, 7,4 m circumference, about 300 years old
source : hitozato-kyoboku.com/bakko-sugi...



....................................................................... 山本郡 Yamamoto district .....
二ツ井町 Futatsui machi town

Around 1940, there was a huge fire in the village. In front of 山神神社 the Shrine for Yamanokami there stood a beautiful young woman.
This must have been Yamanokami, taking refuge from the fire.


Yama Shrine, Haraikawa-59 Futatsuimachi Kogake, Noshiro

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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -

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. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .

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- - - - - . Join the Updates of Facebook ! . - - - - -


. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- #yamanokami #godofthemountains #tanokami #akita #bakkosugi -
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12/03/2019

Yamanokami Regional 31 Yamagata Yamaguchi

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .
. Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami - Introduction .
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Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
and Legends from Yamagata 山形県 and Yamaguchi 山口県


. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .


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....................................................................... Yamagata 山形県 .....

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岩野村 Iwano mura village

hakuba 白馬,arauma, ara-uma 荒馬,shinme 神馬
岩野村登山口の獄山には、古くから山神さまがいて信仰されていた。天正年間、獄山の神がふとしたことから怒り出し、山崩れを起こして土砂を流し、村を埋め尽くした。そして、白馬が現れ、天に飛翔したという。


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最上郡 Mogami district 金山町 Kaneyama town

sankichi sama 三吉様
太平山の神様は荒神様で三吉様。杉沢集落のロクノジョウという大男は米1俵を担いだまま山越えする途中に雉を追いかけたほどの力持ちだったが、秋田の相撲大会で勝っていい気になって風呂に入っていたら、小僧が来て風呂桶ごと持ち上げられて掃除されて驚いて、びっくりして夜逃げして帰ってきた。その小僧は三吉様の化身であった。


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西村山郡 Nishi-Murayama district

Yamanokami
3月12日は木を切ってはいけないという。それは、昔貧乏人の夫が山へ入ってはいけないというのを聞かずに出かけ、その後を追っていった女房が木の上にいた美人な山の神様に邪険な気持ちを出したために、その木が倒れて夫が死んだからである。
.
3月17日は山の神祭りで、仕事は休みになる。この日山に入って山の神に会うと、その年はろくなことが起こらない。
.
旧暦の10月17日は山の神祭りで、この日は山行きは止められ、山の神が木を数える日だから木は切ってはならない。
.
山の神は女の神で三人の娘がいたが、亡くなるときに、娘たちに日頃食べさせたことのないおずけ(味噌汁)をかけたマンマを食べさせないでくれ、すぐに腹がすくからといったので、今も山に入るときにはおずけをかけてマンマを食べるな、そうすると怪我をするという。おつゆをかけて食べたい場合は、汁椀の方へ飯を入れて食べればよい。
.
山の神祭りの日は旧暦3月12日と12月12日の年越しの日で、山の神は春には天から下りてきて田畑を守り、秋には山に帰っていくという。
.
佐藤弥蔵家の山の神様の祭りは3月12日と12月12日で、春には山の神が空から降り、秋には空に帰る。

- - - - -
Oshiragami オシラ神
長沼では、山の神の日は2月17日と10月17日でこの日は山に行くなといわれて木材業や製材業の人は休んでお祝いをする。この2月17日から10月17日までは山の神がオシラ神という蚕の神になる。

- - - - -
Tanokami 田の神
10月13日は山の神が田の神になる日なので、ボタ餅を12個作って神棚に上げる。3月12日は田の神が山の神になる日で、田のしろかきや、作物の種をまいてはいけない日という。
.
旧暦10月13日は山の神様が田の神様から山の神様に帰るので、絶対山に登ってはならない。

- - - - -
. Yamanokami and miso 味噌 と伝説 Legends about Miso .
ozuke おずけ is the local dialect for Miso soup.

- folk belief
Y字型をした松をかえろう松といい、その中でも特に東西を向いているものをきらった。これを切るときには御神酒をかけてそれがないときは小便をかけて切る。そうすると山の神がとまらないという。

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西置賜郡 Nishi-Okitama district

小国町 Oguni town

Tanokami 田の神
10月15日、16日は田の神が山の神になる日。田の神団子を作って米びつの横に供える。臼を杵で叩いて音を出す。
- - - - -
Yamanokami
2月16日、山の神が木を数えながら山から下りてくる。この日は、団子を供えるが、忙しいときは臼を杵でたたいて音を出す。
.
サンマッカと呼ばれる三つ又の大木には山ノ神が宿る。熊狩りで山に入るときは、山の神迎えといって、手を合わせてから入る。
.
2月17日は山の神が田の神になる日。この日は山に入ってはいけない。女の神で歌が好き。歌を歌うと仕事をしなくなってしまうので、歌を歌ってはいけない。


.......................................................................
米沢市 Yonezawa city

hebi 蛇, Benten sama 弁天様
弁天様が人についた。西簗沢の山の神に杉山弁財天という祟り神がいて、炭焼きと唄が上手な息子の唄に憑いたという。弁天様は蛇だともいい、蛇をみると弁天様がいるという。


.......................................................................
米沢市 Yonezawa city 笹野町 Sasano town

Tanokami 田の神
旧3月17日には山の神が田の神となり、旧10月12日には田の神が山の神になるという。
.
旧3月17日には山の神が田の神となり、旧9月29日には田の神が山の神になるという。
- - - - -
Umi no Kami 海の神
山の神と海の神が争い、山の神が「1本でマンサクという木を持っている」というと海の神が「1匹でオクゼンという魚をもっている」といった。そこで山の神が喜ぶように、オクゼンという魚をあげるのだという。
- - - - -
Yamanokami
月の17日は山の神が木を数える日なので、山に入ると自分も数えられてしまうという。
.
50年程前に子供同士で山の神の祭りを真似たところ、1人に山の神が憑いた。椅子でやってみた所、その椅子に山の神が憑いて、ぴょんぴょん跳ねたとも言う。
.
山の神は死に火を嫌うが産火は嫌わないという。そこでお産の神として崇められている。




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....................................................................... Yamaguchi 山口県 .....



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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -

..............................................................................................................................................

. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::




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. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

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- #yamanokami #godofthemountains #tanokami #yamagata #yamaguchi -
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10/03/2019

Yamanokami fish Trachidermus fasciatus

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .
. Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami - Introduction . :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Yamanokami, Trachidermus fasciatus ヤマノカミ / 山ノ神
川の神 Kawanokami, Kawa no Kami
神勧請 Kamikanjo




- quote -
ヤマノカミ(山ノ神、学名 Trachidermus fasciatus )は、
カサゴ目カジカ科に属する魚の一種。アユカケと同じく「降河回遊」の生活史をもつ中型カジカ類の一種である。東アジアに分布するが、日本での分布は九州の有明海奥部とその流入河川に限られる。ヤマノカミ1種でヤマノカミ属を構成する。河口付近に作られた堰により稚魚の遡上が阻害され、生息数が減少している。

標準和名「ヤマノカミ」は福岡県筑後地方での呼び名に因み、
他の地方名としてヤマンカミ(福岡)カワンカミ、タチャ(福岡・佐賀)カンカンジョ(佐賀)などがある。
「山の神」「川の神」「神勧請」など、独特の外見や生活史から山の神信仰などとの関連付けが窺える。
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !
This fish is closely related to the belief in Yamanokami in various regions of Japan, especially Fukuoka and Saga.


- quote -
Trachidermus fasciatus is a species of fish in the superfamily Cottoidea, the sculpins, and the only member of the monotypic genus Trachidermus. Its common name is roughskin sculpin. It has also been called four-gilled perch.
It is native to the coastlines of China, Japan, and Korea, where it occurs at the mouths of rivers.
This species is about 20 cm (8 in) long and weighs up to 350 grams.It has a large, spineless head with a wide mouth and small eyes near the tip of the snout. The upper jaw is slightly projecting. The dorsal fin has 8 spines and 19 to 20 soft rays and the anal fin has no spines but 17 to 18 soft rays. This fish lacks scales but its body surface is textured with "knobbles". The gill opening is large and each gill has two orange stripes.
This fish lives in rivers, estuaries, and coastal ocean waters. It is catadromous; adults spawn on mudflats at the river mouths, and after hatching, the juveniles swim upstream to freshwater river habitat.
... The habitat of the fish is degraded in some areas, particularly the river mouths of coastal China. Pollution from rapid urban development, overfishing, and the construction of dams and dikes threaten the species in this region. Changes in the hydrology of the area, mainly from dams, are most concerning because they prevent the migration of the fish in the river systems.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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It resembles the kajika カジカ family, Cottus pollux.


source : kotobank.jp/word...


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- Reference : 日本語
- Reference : English

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. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .

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[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- #Trachidermus #yamanokamifish #fishyamanokami -
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Yamanokami Regional 30 Wakayama

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .
. Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami - Introduction .
:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
and Legends from 和歌山県 Wakayama


. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .



Hongucho Mikoshi, Tanabe, Wakayama
Ichidaira, Kudoyama, Ito District, Wakayama
Kamiyukawa, Aridagawa, Arida District, Wakayama
Oga, Shingu, Wakayama

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The seventh day of December is the last festival day of Yamanokami of each year.
Yamanokami comes down from the stars (above the fields) to his mountain. Trees with two twisted stems are his signpost and thus sacred to Yamanokami.
People make offerings of stonefish, which has a very ugly face.

. Yamanokami and okoze 虎魚 / 鰧魚 / オコゼ / ヲコゼ stonefish .
On the 29th day of the 9th lunar month, Yamanokami takes off for the meeting of the Japanese deities in 出雲 Izumo.

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Wakayama and 奈良県 Nara
Yamanokami is seen as a woman, sometimes jealous of a human wife.
If someone has lost something, he goes to the forest and shows dankon 男根 a penis, then Yamanokami will help to find the lost object.



....................................................................... Arida district 有田郡  .....
.......................................................................
清水村 Kiyomizu mura village

. hebi 蛇と伝説 Legends about snakes and serpents .
There was 桜の木の森 a forest of cherry trees called Yamanokami. When they cut down the trees, a serpent came out.
When they sold the wood and burned it, people got ill. A baby pulled out its tongue all the time and wiggled it.
Most of the time there was the sound of a serpent crawling on the ground.
Finally the villagers built a small shrine and venerated the serpent.

桜の木の森 Sakuranomori Park
Nagatani, Aridagawa, Arida District, Wakayama



Hyogo - 1202-1 Kusadani, Inami, Kako District, Hyogo
Mie - 3500-5 Minamitamagakicho, Suzuka, Mie


....................................................................... Hidaka district 日高郡  .....
.......................................................................
みなべ町 Minabe town

Once a man had cut a tree there came a serpent with a yamadori 山鳥 copper pheasant in its mouth. He took it away and ate it. But soon he became a strong headache. It did not heal and he asked a diviner for help. The serpent had been the messenger of Yamanokami from 水舟山 Mount Mizubune and the man had taken away its food.
So they built a small sanctuary on the mountain and venerated Yamanokami there, bringing offerings of mochi 餅 rice cakes.

. kiji 雉 pheasant / 山鳥 yamadori - Legends .
- - - - -
. ookami 狼 Okami, wolf legends .
Once upon a time, a wolf had angered Yamanokami and could not eat anything any more.
In his hunger he attacked the shika 鹿 deer sacred to 春日 the Kasuga deity.

. Kasuga Jinja 春日神社 Shrine in Kyoto .
- - - - -

. Yamanokami and Tengu 天狗 the Mountain Goblin .
Tengu 天狗
天狗は大峯山の神様の、山上さんの指図で動いている。


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龍神村 Ryujin mura village

(山の神と氏神の問答)
ある巡礼が、山中で日が暮れたので山の神に願って野宿していると、夜中に山の神と氏神の問答を聞いた。氏神の呼びかけに山の神は客がいるから出られないと答え、山の神が尋ねると氏神は病気はあぶで年は18と答えた。巡礼は不思議に思って旅立ったが、18年後、その村で大工をしていた18の男子が、あぶをのみで追い払っているうちに喉をついて死んだ。巡礼はその子の寿命で仕方ないと諭したという。

- - - - -
山の神,ujigami 氏神
ある人が山の木を大小関係なく切り倒していると、夜中に大風のような音をたてて小屋に山の神が近づいてきた。白髪頭を振り乱して戸を開け、その人を殺そうとしたとき、氏神が来てとりなしをしてくれたので何とか助かった。それが11月7日、山の神の木数えの日だったという。

. ujigami 氏神 clan KAMI deities .

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. Mizunokami, mizu no kami 水の神 deity of water - Legends .
Yamanokami and Mizunokami in a contest :
. Counting trees and fish 木の数と魚の数 .
.......................................................................


A man named 毛谷村六助 Keyamura Rokusuke wanted to become strong and prayed to 彦山権現 Hikosan Gongen for help.
On his way down the mountain he met a messenger of Yamanokami who gave him books about 兵法 the art of warfare. He studied them and soon became a strong man.

. Hikosan 英彦山 / 彦山 The Hikosan Deity .

- quote -
Keyamura Rokusuke is one of the leading characters in the ningyō jōruri and kabuki play Hiko-san Gongen chikai no sukedachi (彦山権現誓劔) and in some other plays. The farmer turned samurai is known for his filial piety and incredible strength, and is viewed as an ideal samurai.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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- folk belief
山の神に関する俗信。山の神を生木で祀ると、必ず次にその生木を切る人が怪我をするから、柵を設ける木には生木を使わないという。山で木をそいで打ち込むと、山の神の着物の裾を打ち込むのでよくないという。山で山道具を見失ったときは、山の神と相撲をとるとすぐに見つかるという。11月7日は山の神の木数えの日なので、山に行くと数え込まれて怪我をするという。山祭りがある月の不浄日に山に行くと、怪我をするという、など。
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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -

..............................................................................................................................................

. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::




- - - - - . Join the Updates of Facebook ! . - - - - -


. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

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[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- #yamanokami #godofthemountains #tanokami # -
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08/03/2019

Yamanokami Regional 29 Tottori Toyama

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .
. Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami - Introduction .
:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
and Legends from Tottori 鳥取県 and Toyama 富山県


. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


....................................................................... Tottori 鳥取県 .....

. Mount Daisen 大山 .
1,729 metres, volcano


source : ameblo.jp/mitsumatarenge...
五合目山の神さん Yamanokami san at the 5th station


source : blogs.yahoo.co.jp/momotarou78book...


. Seikooboo 清光坊 Seikobo, Seiko-Bo
Hookiboo 伯耆坊 Hokibo, Hoki-Bo // 伯耆大山清光坊 Hoki Daisen Seiko-Bo .

The Tengu from Mount Daisensan

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. Sanbo Taro, Mitsuho Taro 三穂太郎 と伝説 - Legends .
The Kan clan around Mount Nagisan 那岐山

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岩美郡 Iwami district 岩美町 Iwami town

The 9th day of the second and tenth lunar month are the festival days for Yamanokami, where he goes out to count the trees.
If a person goes to the forest on these days, he will be counted as a tree and die.
At 荒金集落 the Arakane hamlet these are the days where Yamanokami gives birth and people are not allowed to go to the forest. If they do they will get hurt or even loose their life.


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東伯郡 Tohaku district 琴浦町 Kotoura town

On the 9th day of the second lunar month Yamanokami plants trees and on the 9th day of the 10 lunar month he comes to count them, so people are not allowed to go to the mountain on these days.
Sometimes Yamanokami causes kamikaze 神風 a "divine wind" typhoon and people working in the forest die.
- - - - -
Yamanokami no tatari 山の神の祟り the curse of Yamanokami
In the village of 向原 Mukaihara lived a man named 中村朝光 Nakamura Asamitsu. He had a forest in his estate where Yamanokami was venerated.
One day he cut down a matsu 松 pine dedicated to Yamanokami. Very soon the family suffered from the curse of Yamanokami, so they planted four new ones in his honor.
The forest does not exist any more, but there is a small sanctuary for Yamanokami where six pine trees grow, with a sacred rope around them.

. matsu 松と伝説 Legends about the pine tree / 松の木 .



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....................................................................... Toyama 富山県 .....

. Yamanokami and Tengu 天狗 the Mountain Goblin .
- with many legends !
- - - - - ヤマノバーバノタイコ,Yamanbaaba no taiko and マトギ matogi

.......................................................................

The 9th day of the 2nd lunar month is the Day of Yamanokami and forest workers take a rest.
If for some very special reason they have to go, they take some rice wrapped in paper and hang it from a branch of the tree as an offering to obtain the permission of Yamanokami.
The pancreas of a bear has special powers. To give it as an offering to Yamanokami, the hunter has to say "I will make a wish later..." and throw it behind himself from under his left armpit. He must not look in this direction and leave the place quietly.

- - - - -
Yamanokami no tsukai 山の神の使い messenger of Yamanokami
. okoze 虎魚 / 鰧魚 / オコゼ / ヲコゼ / オコジョ stonefish .
This is also said in 下新川郡 Shimoniikawa district 朝日町 Asahi town.

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onbaba オンババ / 姥神 (Ubagami) "Old Grandma Mountain God"
For the autumn festival there is a special hut with a roof where Yamanokami is venerated as Onbaba.
She has the form of a person coming down from the sky to rest on 松の木 a pine tree and her mouth is wide open.

. Ubagami 姥神 lit. "old woman deity" - "Grandmother Deity" .

. matsu 松と伝説 Legends about the pine tree / 松の木 .

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中新川郡 Nakaniikawa district 立山町 Tateyama town

Yamanokami no tsukai 山の神の使い messenger of Yamanokami
If someone wants to go to the mountain forest and meets a risu リス squirrel on the way, he has to turn back.
This is also said in Nanto town.
- - - - -
After cutting a tree one has to make sure that the spikes on the cut are flattened properly with a saw.
Otherwise Yamanokami might stumble over them when she passes here at night.

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南砺市 Nanto town

. kuma くま / 熊 と伝説 Legends about bears .
A bear is the Lord of the Mountain or Yamanokami.

If someone shoots a bear the weather will turn very bad - クマドリアレ kumadori are -.
Once a huge bear was killed and hailstones begun to fall in summer.

.......................................................................
高岡市 Takaoka city

On the festival day of Yamanokami people are not allowed to go into the forest, since Yamanokami roams there.

.......................................................................
富山市 Toyama city

If someone whistles or hums in the mine pits, Yamanokami will not like this.

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魚津市 Uozu city

If someone goes to the forest on yakubi やくび / 厄日 an unlucky day he will get hurt.
Once the young O-Tama went to the forest to 芝刈り cut weeds on the day of Yamanokami. She met the angry deity on the way and was thrown into a deep gorge by her.

..............................................................................................................................................


- reference source : nichibun yokai database -

..............................................................................................................................................

. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::




- - - - - . Join the Updates of Facebook ! . - - - - -


. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- #yamanokami #godofthemountains #tanokami #tottori #toyama #ubagami -
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14/02/2019

Yamanokami Regional 28 Tochigi Tokushima Tokyo

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. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .
. Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami - Introduction .
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Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain and Legends
from 栃木県 Tochigi, 徳島県 Tokushima and 東京都 Tokyo


. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .


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....................................................................... Tochigi 栃木県


山の神ドライブイン Yamanokami Drive-In
栃木県鹿沼市上粕尾/キャンプ場 / Kanuma city, Kamikasuo

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. kinki 禁忌 taboo and legends .
On the day when Yamanokami is counting the trees, people should not go to the forest. They might get hurt by cutting their arm with the hatchet or fall under a tree and die.
Yamanokami does not like to see blood.

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安蘇郡 Aso district 田沼町 Tanuma town

. Tengu daoshi 天狗倒し Tengu knocking down trees" .
If a forest worker takes a nap at lunch time, he calls out loud to Yamanokami: "Please, wake me up at xx time!" At the exact time there will be a sound of a large tree falling and the man will wake up. But no tree nearby has fallen down.
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. Yamanokamisama no yasumi ki 山の神様の休み木 Tree to rest .
A tree 三又のナラノキ / 楢 with three stems from the family of Quercus is sacred to Yamanokami, who comes here to rest.
in 1964, some people wanted to cut it down. A painful sound like ヒエーヒエー」 hiee hiee was heard from the cut. But someone said this was not the voice of Yamanokami and they continued without a problem.
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Two fellows went to the forest to work. They were arguing if there was really a being like Yamanokami. On their way back home in the evening, the baskets on their backs were shaken heavily by Yamanokami.

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鹿沼市 Kanuma city

People who work in the forest are not allowed to pour soup over their cooked rice meals, because Yamanokami does not like that.

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鹿沼市 Kanuma city 粟野町 Awano machi town

Once a man was 炭焼き making charcoal on a cold winter night, when something black stuck to his throat. It might have been Yamanokami.
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Once the head of a family went to pray at the shrine of Yamanokami, who was his family deity. While he was there he saw a strange red face with white hair staring at him angrily. This was Yamanokami. The man was afraid and never came back to this shrine.

. ujigami 氏神 clan KAMI deities, family deity .

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那須郡 Nasu district 大山田村 Oyamada mura village

. kitsune densetsu 狐と伝説 fox legends .
If Yamanokami gets angry and envious, he might send a fox to kill a baby. Even if the mother thought she was holding it, suddenly the child was gone and found dead down in the well.



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....................................................................... Tokushima 徳島県

峰八の「山の神神社」Minehachi no Yamanokami Jinja
Deity in residence is 大山積命.
峰八古墳群
- reference source and photos : sueyasumas.exblog... -



Yamanokami Kofun 山ノ神古墳
徳島県名西郡石井町石井 Myozai district, Ishii
- reference source : wikipedia 峰八古墳群 -

石井町における山の神の信仰
1.祠について
2.行事について
(1)祭り
(2)ヤマノクチアケ Yama no kuchi ake
(3)山の神講
3.山の神の祠一覧 (almost 20 Hokora shrines)
4.山の神の祠分布図
おわりに
- source and photos : library.tokushima-ec.ed.jp... -

. Yamanokami kofun 山の神古墳 Yamanokami tumulus of Japan .

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徳島県阿波市土成町吉田山の神、Awa City, Donari town, Yoshida, Yamanokami hamlet

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The third day of the third lunar month is called
shika no aku hi シカのアク日 in the local dialect. People do not work but celebrate with Yamanokami.
On the fourth day they stay at home and hope Yamanokami will come down to the fields to protect them as 田の神 Tanokami.
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In most hamlets people venerate Yamanokami. Before cutting down a tree, they pray at its roots. If they find special marks on the roots, they venerate this tree as sacred to Yamanokami and to not cut it down.

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海部郡 Ama district 宍喰町 Shishikui cho town

If someone immerses himself in the smoke at the fire of the Dondoyaki ritual, he will not loose much weight and strenght in summer.
The 20th day of the first lunar month is sacred to Yamanokami, who plants trees in the forest. So people should not cut trees on this day.

. dondon yaki どんどん焼き Dondon Fire Ritual, Dondo yaki .
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If a tree begins to wither in the forest, it shows that Yamanokami had taken a pee here, so the tree should not be cut down.

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三好郡 Miyoshi district

The 9th day of each month is the festival day of Yamanokami. On this day people are now allowed to sumiyaki 炭焼き make charcoal or go to the mountain forest.
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There is a special place where the makers of wooden items venerate Yamanokami and other poeple are not allowed to go there.
If someone does, he will die a young man.
Since Yamanokami is also the deity 猿田彦 Sarutahiko, nobody may use the word saru 猿 / サル monkey while in the forest.

. kijishi 木地師 maker of wooden items, wood turner .
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. Yamanokami likes Okoze 虎魚 / 鰧魚 / オコゼ / ヲコゼ stonefish .
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. hebi 蛇と伝説 Legends about snakes and serpents .
hikagiri ヒカギリ Hikagiri is a form of Yamanokami and 水神 Suijin the Water Deity.
If someone is bitten by this snake, he will die the same day.
Once a man observed this snake trying to swallow a kiji キジ pheasant, tore it out of its mouth and went home. But the serpent followed him all the way and at the entrance of his house he gave it back to the serpent.

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The bird shijuukara 四十雀 Japanese tit (Parus minor) is 山の神の使い the messenger of Yamanokami.
If a hunter shoots it, the bird will fly up to heaven with a twig of Shikimi (hanashiba ハナシバ) in its beak.
On such a day the hunter should go home and pray.
In some parts of Japan this bird is seen as a harbinger of bad luck. Its voice is interpreted as
「親死ね子死ね、四十九日の餅をつけ」oya shine ko shine shijuukunichi no mochi o tsuke
. shikimi シキミ, 樒 Skimmia, Illicium religiosum .

Another messenger of Yamanokami is hikagiri ヒカギリ Hikagiri, a small serpent with a ring pattern around its neck.

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三好郡 Miyoshi district 東祖谷山村 Higashi Iyayamason village

Trees sacred to Yamanokami are not to be cut down.

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麻植郡 Oe district 山川町 Yamakawa cho town

. 山の神 and Tengu 天狗 the Mountain Goblin .
Once a man cut a branch from 銀杏 a Gingko tree which was in memory of the 赤穂浪士 Ako Roshi legend.
Since then there was often the sound of someone practising with the sword below the tree. But when looking closer, there was nobody.
The noise was also heard in 山の神の森 Yamanokami no Mori wood.
The person who cut down the Gingko tree was later killed, but he came back to life with the face of a Tengu.



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....................................................................... Tokyo 東京都


(1月17日)は山の神のお祭りの日.
January 17 is the Festival of Yamanokami and Tokyo Wood Workers do not go to the forest.
- reference source : tokyowood.net/workers... -

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The 17th day of the third lunar month is sacred to Yamanokami.
On this day people do not go to the mountain forest. Once a man went anyway to collect maki マキ firewood and burned it in the middle of his field, but it started a real yamakaji 山火事 mountain fire.
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In the hut where a dead body has been burned, people have to walk around three times before going in, lest Yamanokami will get angry and bewitch him.
Once a man became bewitched, went to the sea and drowned.
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. O-inu sama オイヌ様 / Oinusama 御犬様 O Inu Sama, Wolf Deity .
Once people quarreled about the existence of O-Inu Sama. The man who had insisted there was NO such Deity passed a spot where a creature with four legs stopped him from passing.


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神津島 Kozushima island 神津島村 Kozushima village

. Yamanokami and Tengu 天狗 the Mountain Goblin legends .
Once a man cut down sugi no ki 杉の木 an old cedar tree of more than 100 years, where Yamanokami (and his alter-ego, 大天狗・小天狗 Big and Small Tengu) reside).
The deity got very angry about loosing its home and killed all the members of the wood cutter's family.
To show his regret and apology, he planted a new tree.

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三宅島 Mitakejima Island 三宅村 Mitake mura village

If someone cuts down a tree sacred to Yamanokami, he will be bewitched, which is called
kirikomi キリコミ in the local dialect.

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西多摩郡 Nishi-Tama district 桧原村 Hinohara village

A Shaman has the ability to see the figure of the local deity.
At 和田の山 Mount Wadayama it is a hebi 蛇 serpent.
At 大沢の山 Mount Osawayama it is a small serpent
At another mountain, where the female Yamanokami went as a bride, it is a serpent with a large belly.

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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -

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. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .

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. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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