Ichi no Miya shrines


Ichi no Miya, Ichinomiya 一の宮 Ichi no Miya shrines
sooja 総社 Soja shrines、"combined shrines"

lit. "first shrine". The most prominent shrine in each province.
The shrine usually has a different name too.

source : www.f-tax.jp/photo
Aichi prefecture, Ichi no Miya town, collecting money 愛知県一宮市

. Masumida Jinja 真清田神社 Ichinomiya city .

Ichinomiya, (literally first shrine) is a shrine occupying the highest rank among the shrines of a province. A sōja is the shrine established in each province which collectively enshrines all of the deities being worshipped at other shrines within the province.

Sōja was originally a generic term for a "combined shrine" where all the kami within a region were collectively enshrined. Such shrines were established not only by the provincial government but also at temples, shōen (manors), and family residences. However, when discussed alongside ichinomiya, sōja ordinarily refers to a provincial combined shrine.

Both types of shrine emerged during the latter half of the Heian period, and both ichinomiya and sōja occupied central positions among provincial shrines in the late Heian and medieval periods. In the Heian period, provincial governors (kokushi) began a precedent of worshipping at the prominent shrines of their assigned provinces. The kokushi was also responsible for the management of shrines within his province and and for their performance of ritual observances. The kokushi offered heihaku and conducted other ritual procedures as the occasion demanded. Ichinomiya are thought to have originated from the classification and ranking of shrines within a province to facilitate the provincial governor's execution of such ritual duties.

Another theory believes that the provincial governors probably gave official sanction to shrine rankings that had occurred naturally and spontaneously within each province, rather than having taken the initiative to establish such rankings themselves. In any case, the classification of ichinomiya followed by ninomiya 二の宮 (second shrine) and sannomiya 三の宮 (third shrine) functioned as a quasi-official ranking of shrines. This ranking did not always remain fixed; in some cases, fluctuations in the relative power of shrines resulted in shifts in their ranking.

The first mention of sōja in the historical record is the reference to Inaba sōja in the entry for the 15th day of the second month of 1099 in the Tokinoriki (The Diary of Taira-no-Tokinori, also called the Jihanki). According to "Records of Hakusan" (Hakusan-no-ki), the sōja of Kaga province was first established by the Kaga provincial governor who enshrined the kami of the province's main shrines in one place to ease the labor of traveling to worship at the province's various shrines. Although this labor-saving notion is also said to have accounted for the foundation of other sōja, some question whether this is the sole factor.

A sōja could consist of either a new shrine established near or inside the "provincial admininstrative offices" (kokufu) or an existing shrine newly designated as a sōja. In the latter case, the ichinomiya sometimes doubled as the sōja.

The sōja frequently served as the venue for ritual procedures involving the kokuga (the office of the kokushi) such as the ceremony of the installment of a newly appointed governor. Furthermore, the sōja is deeply connected to the province's ichinomiya and other prominent shrines; for example, it became customary to conduct rites at the sōja in advance of worshipping and offering heihaku at the ichinomiya and other shrines.

Based on such characteristics, ichinomiya and sōja are thought to have emerged from the late Heian to medieval periods during the process of establishing the provincial shrine system. Through the kokuga rituals performed there, it is thought that there were intended to serve as the spiritual centers for both the local bureaucrats (zaichō-no-kan-nin) and land-owning class (kokujin).

Unlike the provincial governor, who was dispatched from the Heian capital, the zaichō-no-kan-nin were local residents working as officials in the kokuga, and the kokujin were local landowners. In addition, the latter half of the eleventh century — when ichinomiya and sōja were being formed in the provinces — coincided with the near completion of the "Twenty-Two Shrine System" (Nijūnishasei) in the Kinki region.

Due to this fact, some scholars view ichinomiya, sōja, and the "Twenty-Two Shrines" as having all appeared due to similar trends toward integrating kansha (government shrines).
Note also that sōja (総社) can also written using other characters, such as 惣社 and 奏社.
Moreover, even today, many shrines around Japan bear the name of ichinomiya or sōja. There are also examples where these terms have become toponyms, including Ichinomiya City in Aichi Prefecture, Kazusa-Ichinomiya in Chiba Prefecture, and Sōja City in Okayama Prefecture.
source : Namiki Kazuko, Kokugakuin 2007

Ichi-no-miya (jap. 一宮, 一の宮, 一之宮, wörtlich: „Erster Schrein“)
bezeichnet die obersten Shintō-Schreine der früheren Provinzen Japans.
Die erste gesicherte Nennung dieses Begriffs Ichi-no-miya in dieser Bedeutung findet sich im Konjaku Monogatarishū aus dem frühen 12. Jahrhundert.
© More in the German WIKIPEDIA !

When prefectures were established in the Meiji period, the old system of provincial ichinomiya was not changed. Each new prefecture had one or more ichinomiya.
List of shrines :
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


Temari uta is a song that Japanese children sing to count while bouncing or catching a small ball ten times, each time saying the name of a deity or famous temple or shrine.

first of all there is Ichi no Miya is the first line.

一番初めは一の宮  ..... ichiban hajime wa Ichi no Miya
十で東京泉岳寺 ..... too de Tookyoo Sengakuji

. temari uta 手毬歌 ball bouncing song  .

. kanpeisha 官幣社 imperial shrines .
Some shrines are the "first shrines" called ichinomiya.

. Mimasaka no Kuni Ichi no Miya 美作国一宮 . Tsuyama town, Okayama
Nakayama Jinja 中山神社

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .


- - - - -  H A I K U  - - - - -

. Echigo Ichi no Miya 越後一の宮 - Iyahiko Jinja, Yahiko Jinja 彌彦神社 / 弥彦神社 .

Echigo Ichi no Miya gookai ni sugi kafun

Ichi no Miya shrine - tremendous
cedar pollen

Yoshida Mikai 吉田未灰
(1923 - )

furu yuki no manji to Echigo Ichi no Miya

in the falling snow
the swastika 卍 and Echigo
Ichi no Miya shrine

Yamazaki Hisao 山崎ひさを

. Blind women from Echigo and haiku 越後女盲 .


Kai Ichi no Miya 甲斐一の宮 - Asama Jinja 浅間神社

source : sinnmonn.blogspot.jp

HP of the shrine - Yamanashi 山梨県笛吹市一宮町一ノ宮1684
source : asamajinja.jp

momo no hana Kai Ichi no Miya kure ni keri

peach blossoms
shrine Kai Ichi no Miya
in evening twilight

Suzuki Shigeko 鈴木しげ子

Kai Ichi no Miya monzen no fukurokake

shrine Ichi no Miya
in Kai and in front of the gate
bagging fruit

Oonishi Yasuo 大西八洲雄 Onishi Yasuo

. fukurokake 袋掛 "packing fruit in paper bags" .
kigo for all summer
bagging apples, peaches and other fruit into bags to protect them from insects and the summer rain.


Musashi Ichi no Miya 武蔵一の宮 - Hikawa Jinja 氷川神社
Saitama 埼玉県さいたま市大宮区高鼻町一丁目407番地 / Saitama, Omiya Ward, Takahanacho, 1-407

The city of Omiya 大宮 "great Shrine" is named after this shrine. The access road from the first Torii gate to the shrine is about 2 km long!
And the many buildings in the compound are overwhelming.

..... the shrine was established during the reign of Emperor Kōshō in 473 BC.
The district of Omiya, literally "Great Shrine", derives from the special favor shown by Emperor Meiji, who raised Hikawa above all other shrines in the Kantō region.
Surrounding the shrine is a large park in which there are many cherry blossom trees, a zoo and a museum.
This main shrine has 59 branch shrines in Tokyo and 162 branch shrines in Saitama Prefecture.
As many as 290 daughter shrines exist across Japan, all named "Hikawa". ...
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

This shrine is famous for its amulets for ENMUSUBI, finding a good partner or binding and bonding of any kind.

In a special inner garden there are white sacred pebbles. Every morning 20 are selected, wrapped in white pure hemp bags and sold on this day.
The shrine has also a lot of other amulets,
. . . CLICK here for more Photos  !

. enmusubi 縁結び to find a good partner .

. Kawagoe Hikawa Jinja 川越氷川神社 enmusubi .
. Hikawa Jinja 氷川神社 Akasaka 赤坂 Tokyo .

fuyu sugi ni tsuki akari Musashi Ichi no Miya

pines in winter and
moonlight on Musashi
Ichi no Miya shrine

. Mizuhara Shūōshi, Shuuooshi 水原秋桜子 Mizuhara Shuoshi .

Musashi Ichi no Miya kan ake no kushi dango

shrine Musashi
Ichi no Miya - end of the cold
and dumplings on skewers

Kawamura Masako 川村正子

. kushidango 串だんご / くし団子 dumplings on skewers .

kuro ageha Musashi Sooja no sumoo kana

black swallowtail -
sumo wrestling at the shrine
of Musashi

Saitoo Kafuu 斉藤夏風 Saito Kafu

. black swallowtail - sprangle, kuro ageha 黒あげは / 黒揚羽 / 黒鳳蝶 .


. Higo Ichi no Miya 肥後一の宮 - Aso Jinja 阿蘇神社 .

. Hitachi Ichi no Miya 常陸一の宮 - Kashima Jinguu 鹿島神宮 Kashima Jingu .

. Ise Ichi no Miya 伊勢一の宮 - Ise Jinguu 伊勢神宮 Ise Jingu .

. Oyamato Ichi no Miya 大和一の宮 - Ooyamato Jinja 大和神社 Oyamato Jinja . Nara
安住 敦

. Shinano Ichi no Miya 信濃一の宮 - Suwa Taisha 諏訪大社 . Nagano

. Yamashiro Ichi no Miya 山城一の宮 - Kamo Mionya Jinja 賀茂御祖神社 .
Kyoto, Shimogamo

hamaya uke Yamashiro no kuni Ichi no Miya

getting my New Year's arrow
at Yamashiro Province shrine
Ichi no Miya

Gotoo Hinao 後藤比奈夫

. Hamaya, 破魔矢, arrow for the New Year .


Hokudan Ichi no Miya 北淡の一の宮 - Awaji Ichi no Miya 淡路一ノ宮 - Isanagi Jingu いざなぎじんぐう
Hyogo 兵庫県津名郡一宮町多賀740 


Iyo Ichi no Miya 伊予国一の宮 - Ooyamatsumi Jinja 大山祇神社 Oyamatsumi Jinja
Ehime, Imabara, Omishima Island 愛媛県今治市大三島町宮浦

. hitorizumoo  一人相撲 / 一人角力 Hitori Sumo - one-man sumo .
at Oyatsumi Shrine

Mino Ichi no Miya 美濃一の宮 - Nanguu Taisha  南宮大社 Nangu Taisha
Gifu 岐阜県不破郡垂井町宮代

. Nanguu Taisha  南宮大社 Nangu Taisha, Nanu Grand Shrine .






San no Miya, Sannomiya 三の宮 San no Miya shrines


koobai ya Onna San no miya no tachisugata

red plum blossoms -
the standing figure of
Onna Sannomiya

. Masaoka Shiki 正岡子規 .

Here it is the name of a beautiful lady. Onna Sannomiya 女三宮, the legal wife of Hikaru Genji.

source : hama/gallery/kaiga-yousai
painting by Yoosai Nobukazu 楊斎延一

. WKD : Genji Monogatari  源氏物語 .


- #ichinomiya -

1 comment:

Gabi Greve said...

江戸時代に日本人で初めて全国の一之宮を巡拝し 「一宮巡詣記」を書き残した、一之宮研究、

Tachibana Mitsuyoshi

Ichinomiya junkeiki
(Tachibana Mitsuyoshi)

Pilgrimage Record to the Ichinomiya Shrines. Travel account. This work is an account by the early Edo period Shintō scholar Tachibana Mitsuyoshi of his travels on a twenty-three-year pilgrimage to the Ichinomiya (most prominent shrine in each province) shrines between 1675 and 1697. The work is said originally to have existed in thirteen fascicles, but the version now extant is in two fascicles, consisting of an abridged edition written in 1722 by the Suika Shintō scholar Okada Masatoshi, and entitled Ichinomiya junkei ki bassui (Excerpts from the Pilgrimage Record to the Ichinomiya Shrines). The work includes Mitsuyoshi's personal observations on his pilgrimages (sankei 参詣), together with documents and illustrations on the Ichinomiya shrines themselves. Included in Jingi zensho, vol. 2 (Kōten Kōkyūjo, 1907).