Jonangu Toba Fushimi


Joonanguu 城南宮 Jonan-Gu, Jonangu Shrine

During the Heian period, the deity to protect the country from evil was enshrined in this shrine. It was located in the South of the capital, and its deity is famous for protecting the "four courners".
Fushimi, Kyoto - 京都市伏見区中島鳥羽離宮町 7

This shrine is famous for its various festivals according to old tradtions.

is in the area that was under the peaceful rule of Emperor Toba.
It was a strategic gateway to the ancient capital of Heian-kyo (now Kyoto). It was also a beautiful riverside scenic spot on the Kamogawa River.
... Thus, it was seen as a prosperous sub-capital at the heart of culture and government over a period spanning more than 150 years of the emperors and ex-emperors.

Before departing on their pilgrimages, the nobility prayed for safe journey along the way as well as purifying themselves by abstaining from eating meat. In particular, the Ex-emperors, Shirakawa and Toba often chose Jonan-gu as a spiritual place to start their pilgrimages to Kumano. They would seclude themselves and do purificiation rites for seven days before departing on the pilgrimage of devotion which took a full month for the roundtrip. In those times, many people chose Jonan-gu because it impressed people with its lodgings, and it was believed that Jonan-gu was a suitable place to start from for a religious journey.
source : 99oji.blogspot.jp

Reference : http://www.jonangu.com/

- - - - - observance kigo for late autumn - - - - -

Joonan matsuri 城南祭 Jonan Festival
..... Joonanjin matsuri 城南神祭  Festival for the Jonan Deity
Third Sunday in October

This shrine is also called Mahataki Jinja 真幡寸神社.
On the festival day three mikoshi portable shrines decorated with Pine, Bamboo and Plum (Shoochikubai) are carried around in a large procession in the evening.
In former times there were also horse races and shooting competitions (Jonan yabusame).

hara ashiki soo mo mochi ku e Joonanjin

even the mean monks
come to eat rice cakes -
God of Jonan

Yosa Buson 与謝蕪村

hara ashi 腹悪し to be mean, malicious

. Yakuyoke 厄除け amulets to ward off evil .

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .


Tobadono, Toba Dono 鳥羽殿 Toba Imperial Retreat villa
Toba Rikkyuu 鳥羽離宮  Toba Palace
Fushimi, Kyoto

Buson, one of the great poets of haiku of the late eighteenth century, was in fact very much a studio or desk poet. He composed his poetry at home, in his study, and he often wrote about other worlds, particularly the tenth and eleventh century Heian aristocratic world and the subsequent medieval period. One of his most famous historical poems is

Tobadono e gorokki isogu nowaki kana

To Toba palace
5 or 6 horsemen hurry
autumn tempest

probably composed in 1776.
Toba palace, which immediately sets this in the Heian or early medieval period, was an imperial villa that the Cloistered Emperor Shirakawa (1053 - 1129) constructed near Kyoto in the eleventh century and that subsequently became the location of a number of political and military conspiracies. The galloping horsemen are probably warriors on some emergency mission - a sense of turmoil and urgency embodied in the season word of autumn tempest (nowaki).
An American equivalent might be something like the Confederate cavalry at Gettysburg during the Civil War or the militia at Lexington during the American revolution. The hokku creates a powerful atmosphere and a larger sense of narrative, like a scene from a medieval military epic or from a picture scroll.
source : Haruo Shirane - Beyond the Haiku Moment

To the Toba Imperial villa,
Hurrying five or six mounted warriors
In a typhoon of early autumn.

Nobody reads the Haiku without picturing a scene in his mind readily. The Haiku has three elements that arouse our sense of weirdness, uneasiness, and gloomy foreboding.
One is 'Tobadono', which stands for government by a retired emperor, with the possibility of political disturbance.
Another is 'mounted warriors', which represents a disquieting behavior or a riot.
The last is 'a typhoon in the early autumn', in which the first two climax as psychological suggestion of political turmoil, or a civil war. Besides, an autumnal typhoon is associated with a long severe winter.
Here in this respect, there is no substitute of the season word for 'a typhoon in the early autumn'. In the Haiku, fiction plays a very important role, but many agree that it ranks among his best haiku poems.
source : www.hokuoto77.com

To Toba's Hall
five or six horsemen hurry hard --
a storm-wind of the fall!

Tr. Henderson

To the castle of Toba
five or six horses hurrying
in the autumn storm

Tr. Sawa and Shiffert

to Toba Palace
five or six horsemen hurry --
an autumn gale

Tr. Ueda

The cut marker KANA is at the end of line 3.


renga shite modoru yo Toba no kawazu kana

after composing linked verse
on the way home at Toba
the frogs . . .

Tr. Gabi Greve

The cut marker KANA is at the end of line 3.

. WKD : Yosa Buson 与謝蕪村 in Edo .


The Battle of Toba-Fushimi (鳥羽・伏見の戦い, Toba-Fushimi no Tatakai)
occurred between pro-Imperial and Tokugawa shogunate forces during the Boshin War in Japan. The battle started on 27 January 1868 (or Keiō-4 year, 1-month, 3-day, according to the Japanese calendar), when the forces of the Tokugawa shogunate and the allied forces of Chōshū, Satsuma and Tosa Domains clashed near Fushimi, Kyoto.
The battle lasted for four days, ending in a decisive defeat for the Tokugawa shogunate.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


- - - - -  H A I K U  - - - - -

source : turbobf1516

kari sawagu Toba no tazura ya kan no ame

geese clamoring
on rice fields at Toba—
frigid rain

Tr. Barnhill

Written in 元禄4年, Basho age 48.

. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .

Basho makes an allusion to a waka by the Tendai priest Jien 慈円 (1155 - 1225):


Ooeyama katamuku tsuki no kage saete
Toba ta no moto ni otsuru kari gane


. Clay Dolls from Fushimi - 伏見土人形 .



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