28/05/2016

ichigami deity of market town

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. Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .
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Ichigami 市神 / いちがみ deity of the market town, market deity

There are various shugojin 守護神 protector deities of market towns, many of then female.

- - - - - In Western Japan they are usually
エビスガミ Ebisugami,蛭子(ひるこ)神 Hirukogami
イチキシマヒメノミコト Ichikishima Hime no Mikoto 市杵島姫 / 大市姫 Oichihime

- - - - - In Eastern Japan they are usually
オオクニヌシノミコト Okuninushi no Mikoto
ヒコホホデミノミコト Hikohohodemi no Mikoto 彦火火出見
コトシロヌシノカミ Kotoshironushi no Kami 事代主命
イチキシマヒメノミコト Ichikishima Hime no Mikoto 市杵島姫 / 大市姫 Oichihime


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They are venerated in various forms, from natural round stones to carved stones with the inscription 市神 or six-sided wooden pillars and small 祠 Hokora shrines.
They were placed at the entrance to a town or a fishing harbour, at a bridge or a four-road crossing.
There are no special days for their festivals but on some special days people make offerings:
正月の蔵(くら)開き Opening of the Storehouse at the New Year
小正月 End of the New Year festivities. (now January 14)



They are closely related to the Dosojin Wayside Deities.

. 道祖神 Dosojin Wayside Deities .


The oldest mention of an Ichigami is in 795, when 藤原冬嗣 Fujiwara no Fuyutsugu enshrined the 宗像大神 Munakata deity as protector of the East and West Town of Kyoto.

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There are various shrines in Japan named
Ichigami Jinja 市神神社 Ichigami Shrine

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Gifu no Ichigami Jinja
Gifu-ken, Ena-shi, Ōichō, 600



The deity in residence is 恵比寿様 Ebisu sama.
With a special market on every day with a seven - 七日市 / 七日福市.

- reference -

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Omi no Ichigami Jinja
15-4 Yokaichihonmachi, Higashiomi, Shiga Prefecture / 滋賀県八日市市本町15-4

- Deities in Residence
事代主命 大国主命 猿田彦大神 額田王

- - - - - HP of the Shrine
- source : norichan.jp/jinja -


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- Reference : 日本語



source and more photos : nishizato.net/shirotorijiin


. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

- #ichigami -
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- - - - -  H A I K U  - - - - -

市神の狛犬に角木下闇
Ichigami no koma-inu ni tsuno koshitayami

the Komainu
of the Ichiba Deity has horns -
darkness under the trees


田中英子 Tanaka Eiko

. WKD : konoshita yami 下闇(こしたやみ) darkness under the trees .
- kigo for all summer




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