20/08/2017

Yama no Kami 10 Regional Hiroshima Hyogo kofun

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .
. Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami - Introduction .
:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
and Legends from Hiroshima 広島県 and Hyogo 兵庫県
Yamanokami kofun 山の神古墳 Yamanokami tumulus


. Legends about Yamanokami .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


....................................................................... Hiroshima 広島県 .....


Yamanokami Bunkasai 山の神文化祭 Culture Festival
広島県立呉昭和高等学校同窓会 / 広島県 呉市中央6-2-9 // Kure city


.......................................................................
東広島市 Higashi-Hiroshima 八本松町 Hachihonmatsu

. Yamanokami and Tengu 天狗 the Mountain Goblin .
Yamanokami gets an offering of zoosui 雑炊 rice porridge.

.......................................................................
南方村 Minamikata-mura

tooban san トウバンサン Toban san、"The God on Watch-out Duty"
At the beginning of the stone bridge there is one special stone. If a horse or cow tries to pass over the bridge,
it will stumble here and fall down to its death.
The villagers think this must be a sign of Yamanokami. They think Yakanokami is a deity to protect horses and cows and call him Toban San.

.......................................................................
宮島町 Miyajima

ayakashi あやかし something suspicious, the voice of Yamanokami
Shortly after the War, some 20, 30 men went into the forest to cut trees. They heard a voice calling for them and followed the voice. But the voice (of Yamanokami) kept coming from a different direction each time.
So they begun to recite a Buddhist sutra and indeed, the voice kept quiet.

.......................................................................
三次市 Miyoshi // 庄原市 Shobara

On the 20th day of the New Year (mugimeshi shoogatsu 麦飯正月 eating barley) Yamanokami goes to the forest to count the trees.
If a person goes to the forest on this day, he will be counted as a tree and later experience disasters and misfortune.
So this is a holiday for the forest workers.

mugi shoogatsu 麦正月 New Year to honour barley and wheat





..............................................................................................................................................



Yamanokami kofun 山の神古墳 Yamanokami tumulus of Japan

. kofun 古墳 burial mound, tumulus .
kofun jidai 古墳時代 burial mound period - 250 to 538

Hiroshima, 広島県 福山市駅家町 Fukuyama Ekiya


In the middle-range of 芦田川 river Ashidagawa. It's form is 前方後円墳. It dates to the middle of the 6th century.
The diameter is about 12 m, and it is 4 m high. The space inside is open to the South and is 横穴式石室, it is about 6,35 m.
The genshitsu 玄室 burial chamber is about 4.1 m long, 2.9 m wide and 3.3 m high.
The sendoo 羨道 passage is 2.25 m long, 1.26 m wide and 1.25 m high.
The excarvated pieces are
金銅製丸玉2個分,鉄斧1,金銅製杏葉ならびに鉄地金張りの鏡材片2個分,方形飾金具,鉄針,須恵器・土師器片がある。
- reference source : Hiroshima bunkazai data -

.......................................................................

Fukuoka 福岡県
- quote -
Recent advancement in the study of the Tsuyazaki mounded tomb group and other sites has enhanced our understanding on the tombs of the chieftains in the Munakata Region. And archeological investigations of dwelling sites have resulted in accumulated evidence that tells of the life and activities of immigrants from the Korean Peninsula. Comparison of these two makes it possible to depict the rise of chieftains in the Munakata Region based on international exchange. Okinoshima Island is situated at a
pivotal location of maritime transportation and it should be possible to discuss the role played by Munakata chieftains in the Okinoshima rituals by linking the rise of chieftains with the international exchange with the Korean Peninsula. It should be noted, however, that the formation of the Tsuyazaki mounded tomb group and the increase in archeological evidence of immigrant activities took place in the second half of the Middle Kofun Period, while the maturation of Okinoshima rituals occurred at the end of the Early Kofun
Period. There is an apparent time gap. A major task for the future is to look at the intervention of chieftains in the Okinoshima rituals and the life and activities of immigrants in the period from the end of the Early Kofun Period to the first half of the Middle Kofun Period from a broad perspective of the post-Yayoi periods.

The largest tumulus in North Chikuzen during Period 8 corresponding to the end of Middle Kofun Period is considered to be Yamanokami mounded tomb in Iizuka City in Agglomeration Midstream of the Onga. River that has an estimated total length of about 85 meters, even though no exact measurement is.
- reference source : okinoshima-heritage.jp... - pdf file -


.......................................................................


Gifu 岐阜県



中津川市山口 Nakatsugawa city, Yamaguchi
山の神古墳(2号墳)は、直径約15m高さ約3mの規模で、墳丘の一部に葺石が見られます。
古墳の年代について、指定時に「7世紀初頭から中期」と報告されましたが、『山口村誌』では「5世紀終末までは遡らない様」としており、位置付けが定まっていません。昭和32年に行われた発掘調査で須恵器、土師器、刀子が出土しました。
かつてこの古墳の北側にもう1基古墳が存在していたと云われていますが、現在では消滅してしまっており、その姿は確認できません。
- reference source : city.nakatsugawa.gifu.jp... -


.......................................................................

Kagawa 香川県
- quote -
Yama-no-kami Kofungun 山ノ神古墳群 Yamanokami Kofungun
near Sakaide (Kagawa pref.) Nearest Village: Kamo-chō 加茂町

Tumulus no.2 which lies in a paddy field on the way to Ayaori-zuka Kofun and Saginokuchi Kofun has carving of leaves and thatched roof on the left side of chamber. Its passage is broken and the carvings of the inner chamber are easy to be recognised but they are so faint to be photographed.
- source : megalithic.co.uk...


.......................................................................

Nara 奈良県 三輪山の神 Miwa Yamanokami
- quote -
Rituals of the Kofun Period: Rituals for the Gods at Mt. Miwayama (exhibition till May 2018)
Mt. Miwayama is an eminent sacred mountain in Japan’s ancient history. From the Yamanokami Site at the foot of the mountain, a number of relics used for rituals, including small mirrors, steatite beads and daggers, as well as earthenware models of tools for brewing alcohol were excavated. Rituals associated with the kingdom of the time were carried out in this region.
- - - - - Including:
Miniature Mirror, From Yamanokami Site, Baba, Miwa, Sakurai-shi, Nara, Kofun period, 5th century
Usudama Beads, From Yamanokami Site, Baba, Miwa, Sakurai-shi, Nara, Kofun period, 5th–6th century
Winnow shaped Clay Objects, From Yamanokami Site, Baba, Miwa, Sakurai-shi, Nara, Kofun period, 5th–6th century
Mallet shaped Clay Objects, From Yamanokami Site, Baba, Miwa, Sakurai-shi, Nara, Kofun period, 5th–6th century
Mallet shaped Clay Objects, From Yamanokami Site, Baba, Miwa, Sakurai-shi, Nara, Kofun period, 5th–6th century
Cutting board shaped Clay Objects, From Yamanokami Site, Baba, Miwa, Sakurai-shi, Nara, Kofun period, 5th–6th century
- source : Tokyo National Museum -

.......................................................................


Shiga  滋賀県

. 山の神古墳/伊野部古墳(やまのかみこふん/いのべこふん)Inobe kofun 古墳 .
Gokashoinobecho, Higashiomi, Shiga / 滋賀県東近江市五個荘伊野部町
tba


.......................................................................


Shizuoka 静岡県
4 Chome-4-21 Uchinodai, Hamakita Ward, Hamamatsu



Early to Mid 6th century
The Yamanokami Kofun is also a circular type. It is 15.8m in diameter and 1.8m in height. There is a moat on its north side, and a terrace on its south side. The kofun is presumed to be built in the early to mid 6th century.
Artifacts found from this tomb include sue ware (gray stoneware).
The entrance of the horizontal stone chamber was blocked by stones.
- reference source : hamamatsu-books.jp... -

- - - - -

135 Higashi-Kashiwabara Shinden, Fuji, Shizuoka
静岡県富士市東柏原新田
- reference source : city.fuji.shizuoka.jp... pdf -

.......................................................................

Tokushima 徳島県
 山ノ神古墳群 Yamanokami Kofun gun 
徳島県名西郡石井町石井 Ishii, Myozai District, Tokushima

山ノ神古墳(やまのかみこふん、山の神古墳/山ノ神1号墳/利包古墳<としかねこふん>[1]/利包山古墳[2])は、徳島県名西郡石井町石井にある古墳。形状は前方後円墳。気延山古墳群(うち山ノ神古墳群)を構成する古墳の1つ。史跡指定はされていない。
徳島県北部、吉野川南岸の石井町・徳島市境の気延山(きのべやま)西麓に築造された古墳である[3]。気延山では200基以上の古墳(うち山ノ神古墳群は3基[2])が分布し、本古墳はその中で最大規模になる[3]。本古墳は1978年(昭和53年)に発見されたのち[4]、1983年(昭和58年)に測量調査が[2]、2014年度(平成26年度)以降に発掘調査が実施されている[3][4]。
墳形は
前方後円形で、墳丘に段築は認められていない[4]。墳丘長は約56メートルを測るが、これは徳島県では第3位の規模になる[4][注 1]。円筒埴輪は認められていないが、形象埴輪片や鉄鎌・鉄斧が検出されている[4]。主体部の埋葬施設は粘土槨2基で、墳頂部で並んだ状態で設けられている[5]。以上より、築造時期は古墳時代前期の4世紀後半頃と推定され[4]、山ノ神古墳群含む気延山古墳群では最後の前方後円墳に位置づけられる[3]。
なお、
1号墳のそばには円墳(直径14メートル)が位置し、築造時期は4世紀末頃と推定される[4]。この円墳の周辺部では徳島県内2例目(全国では約70例)となる筒形銅器が出土しており、畿内王権との関わりの点で注目される[4]。
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


source and more photos : sueyasumas.exblog.jp...


.......................................................................

庚申塚古墳・山の神古墳(富士市東柏原)

.......................................................................

Yamanokami Kofun no Kenkyu (The Study of Yamanokami Tumulus)
TSUJITA, Jun'ichiro (2016)

Yamanokami Site in Akishima City 昭島市
? 浄土古墳



:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::





....................................................................... Hyogo 兵庫県 .....




Yamanokami Matsuri festival at 香美町香住区沖浦 / Kasumiku Okinoura, Kami, Mikata District
The children paint their faces black with charcoal and bring offerings to the shrine, walking along about 1 km, on January 8.
They pray for the health and wellbeing of the members of 127 families living there.
This festival dates back to the Heian period, around the year 830.
Yamanokami is seen as a woman who gets angry quite easily.

. Yama no Kami matsuri 山の神祭り Yamanokami festivals .


.......................................................................
有馬郡 Arima district

Yamanokami no tatari 山の神の崇り curse of Yamanokami
If someone cuts a matsu 松 pine tree in the forest, he will be cursed by Yamanokami. He will hurt his neck and his nomi 鑿 chisel will not cut any more.

.......................................................................
朝来市 Asago city 生野町 Ikuno-cho

kaibutsu 怪物 monster
Around 1890, there lived a skilled forest worker named 兵右衛門 Hyoemon. On the day of the festival for Yamanokami he went to the forest. On his way back he stopped at the waterfall near the Shrine. There coming from downstream, he saw a strange creature as large as 10 Tatami mats, of green color, without a head or tail, climbing out of the river.
Hyoemon was frightend and run home as fast as he could, but fell ill on the same day and died a few days later.

.......................................................................
福崎町 Fukusaki 西田原 Nishi-Tawara

Yamanokami Koen 「山の神」公園 Park named Yamanokami
In the park are many Yokai statues, for example of 河童 Kappa and 天狗 Tengu.

There is also a statue of a mother inoshishi イノシシ wild boar, a 妖怪 Yokai monster named Yamanokami.
This statue had one a prize at the Japan-wide competition for Yokai statues. It is about 2 meters high and weighs 200 kg.
Yamanokami is known as an ugly woman, as causing accidents and snowstorms.

. Yamanokami and his messenger, inoshishi 猪 wild boar .

. inoshishi and Tengu 猪 - 天狗 と伝説 Legends about wild boar and Tengu .


.......................................................................
姫路市 Himeji

In the 飾磨郡 Shikama district, it is not allowed to go to the forest on the Day of Yamanokami, the 9th day of the first lunar month.
If someone does, he will fall from the rocks and get hurt badly.


.......................................................................
出石町 Izushi

The Day of Yamanokami is the 9th day of the 12th lunar month.
On the Day of Yamanokami, nobody is allowed to go to the forest, because Yamanokami counts the trees.
The members of the special prayer group stay at home and say prayers.


.......................................................................
神崎郡 Kanzaki gun 神河町 Kamikawa village

. Black Cow, Black Bull  黒牛と伝説 kuro-ushi, kuroushi .


..............................................................................................................................................

- reference source : nichibun yokai database -

..............................................................................................................................................

. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::




- - - - - . Join the Updates of Facebook ! . - - - - -


. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]
- #yamanokamihiroshima #godofthemountains #tanokami #hiroshima #hyogo #yamanokamikofun -
:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

No comments: