20/08/2017

Yama kon Kami 09 Regional Gifu Gunma

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. Yama no Kami 山の神 Yamanokami - Introduction .
. Ta no Kami 田の神 Tanokami - Introduction .
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Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain
and Legends from 岐阜県 Gifu to 群馬県 Gunma


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....................................................................... Gifu 岐阜県 .....


. guhin kuhin gubin 狗賓 / 狗嬪 / グヒン Guhin Tengu Yokai .
Guhin mochi 狗賓餅 rice cakes for the Guhin - later gohei mochi 五平餅.


. Sarugami 猿神 Monkey Deity .
- the local Yamanokami.


. Yamanokami and Tengu 天狗 the Mountain Goblin .
tengu-daoshi 天狗倒し


. Yamanokami and 飛騨の匠 a master carpenter from Hida .

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a bus stop named 山の神 Yamanokami
岐阜県揖斐郡揖斐川町春日川合
Kasugakawai, Ibigawa, Ibi District, Gifu or Yamanokami Iinuma, Nakatsugawa-shi, Gifu




and at the park さざれ石公園 Sazareishi Koen park there is a lodging
山の神さざれ荘 Yamanokami Sazaresoo

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Yamanokami is related to fuji no tsuru 藤の蔓 / 藤のツル the of the vine branches of wisteria.
In a novel called Yamanokami satsujin 山の神殺人 the Yamanokami murder case
by 坂口安吾.
両手を首にまき両足を腰にからみつけて藤のツルのようにシッカリしがみついている




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郡上郡 Gujo district, Gujō

There are at least 2 or three people who died because they went to do forest work on a day when it was not allowed out of respect for Yamanokami.


- - - - - strange things happening to Saito san
葉の落ちる音 sound of leaves falling,円柱状の大きな光 a huge pillar of light,壁をドーンと叩く音 loud sound of DOOON on the wall
The head of the Saito family, 斎藤誉逸, from 大洞 Obora, had been harrassed by Yamanokami around 1904.
When he was on his way home from a carpenter job, after some drinks in the evening, he passed the sanctuary of 秋葉様 Akiba sama he heard the sound of leaves falling, although there were not left on the trees.
He tried to keep his calm and then saw a huge pillar of light above the graveyard. When he finally reached his home, he heard the stange sound of someone hitting his wall.
Next morning he asked a diviner. He was told that Yamanokami had tried to challenge his courage (or rather lack thereof).


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揖斐郡 Ibi district 揖斐川町 Ibigawa

The messenger of Yamanokami is a shiro usagi 白ウサギ white rabbit.
If someone happens to see it, he will be cursed.


usagi at 熊野神社 Kumano Jinja

. Legends about the White Rabbit 白兎 hakuto .


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武儀郡 Mugi district 板取村 Itadori

Some people say Yamanokami is a kitsunefox!

Yamanokami is a deity to protect children, maybe even a child himself.
If a child gets ill parents have to put up a lantern and say prayers for its recovery.

On the day of the tiger in the second lunar month and on the 7th day of the 11th lunar month it is time for the Yamanokami prayer group. If people do not keep this day, there might be landslides. Yamanokami is female, and if women eat the left-overs from the prayer meeting they will become all wild.
. hatsu tora 初寅 "first day of the tiger" .

Yamanokami likes the following trees
-- madogi マドギ "window tree" - trees with two stems
-- hookigi ホウキギ broom tree / Kochia scoparia
-- kamoeda カモエダ
These trees are not to be cut down.

Yamanokami is a plain woman and women coming to worship her must keep the necessary taboos.


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高山市 Takayama

. The deity Yamabiko 山彦 (山の神) Yamanokami .
Legends about Master Carver Enku 円空と伝説 

On the 20th day of the first lunar month people should not go to the mountain. If they do they will feel the curse of Yamanokami and maybe die under a tree that falls on them.
If a lumberjack forgets his nata 鉈 hatchet in the forest, he has to swing his dankon 男根 penis to show him the right direction to find it.


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高山市 Takayama 上宝町 Kamitakara

uma 馬 horse

At the waterfall 鼠餅の大滝 Nezumochi Otaki / 鼠餅瀧
Yamanokami comes often riding a horse and lets the horse walk around.
During that time people can hear the sound of the horse.


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吉城郡 Yoshiki district 坂下村 Sakashimo mura

The 9th day of the second lunar month is the 山の講 prayer day for Yamanokami. On this day Yamanokami goes out to plant seeds.
On the 9th day of the 10th lunar month he comes to count the trees.
On both of these days people are not allowed to cut any trees until 10 in the morning.
All the menfolk of the village gather at the 祠 sancturay for Yamanokami and make offerings of ritual Sake and ゴヘイモチ Goheimochi rice cakes.





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....................................................................... Gunma 群馬県 .....

赤城山 Mount Akagiyama / Akagisan (Red Castle) is 1,828 m high.
The 赤城山の神 deity of Akagisan is a mukade ムカデ centipede.
Mount Akagi, along with Mount Myōgi and Mount Haruna, is one of the "Three Mountains of Jōmō" (上毛三山),
It comes with legends of its own, to be explored later.

. Akagisan, Akagiyama 赤城山と伝説 Legends about Mount Akagi .

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【怖い話】群馬県 みなかみ町 山の神の足音
The footsteps of Yamanokami
- a scary story told on YouTube.

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A town called
群馬県太田市山之神町 Yamanokamicho, Ota, Gunma

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In most parts of Gunma, the 8th day of January is the Day of Yamanokami and people are not allowed to do work in the mountain forests.


. Okojo オコジョ hort-tailed weasel, stoat or ferret. .
- messenger of Yamanokomi
碓氷郡 Usui district 松井田町 Matsuida // 利根郡 Tone district 片品町 Katashina


. Yamanokami and Tengu 天狗 the Mountain Goblin .
Yamanokami is seen as a Tengu in most regions of Gunma.
倉渕村 Kurabuchi / 南牧村 Nanmoku / 東町 Azumacho / 上野村 Uenomura / 片品村 Katashina / 松井田町 Matsuida

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甘楽郡 Kanra district 南牧村 Nanmoku

Yamanokami is seen as male and venerated together with
. jigami, jishin, chigami, chijin 地神 Kami of the Earth / the Land .

There is a shrine
Kaijo no Yamanokami Jinja 会場の山の神神社 Yamanokami of Kaijo
on the top of the pass from 秋畑 Akihata to 上日野 Kamihino.
Kaijo is the name of this place.


source : sukima.com/32_tomioka08...


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沼田市 Numata 利根町 Tone village

numa no nushi no tatari 沼の主の祟り curse of the lord of the pond
People younger than 16 years are not allowed to climb 赤城山 Mount Akagiyama.
If they do they will be cursed by Yamanokami and the lord of the pond, there will be a very strong rain and mist to make them loose their way, and they will not be able to find their way back.


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多野郡 Tano district 上野村 Ueno village

Yama no Kamisama no ki 山の神様の木 tree of Yamanokami
A woodcutter tried to cut a sacred tree, but was hit as it fell down and he died.
Another died while he tried to transport the tree down into the valley.

モロバンギ Morobashigi is another of the sacred trees of Yamanokami and not to be cut down.
If someone uses it as a pillar for a house, there will be death and illness every year without end.

Yamanokami was once venerated in a sanctuary close to the village at the foot of the mountain, but many got ill and it was brought back to the top of the mountain.



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利根郡 Tone district 片品村 Katashina

. Yamanokami and jūni sama 十二様 12 Juni Sama .
On the 12th day of each month Juni Sama is venerated.



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碓氷郡 Usui district 松井田町 Matsuida

Some say Yamanokami is a man, others say it is a woman. And others say they just do not know.
On his day each month on the 17th people are not allowed to cut trees in the forest.

yumihari ki ユミハリ木 -- madoki マド木 trees of Yamanokami
There are special trees with two trunks interwoven, they are sacred to Yamanokami.
He comes there to rest and they are not allowed to be cut down.
ユミハリ木やマド木(2本の立木の幹と幹とが交差しているのをいう)を、「山の神の遊び木だから伐るな」という。

Once a child got a coin stuck in its throat and they could not get it out!
"Let's pray to Yamanokami for help!" They went to the sanctuary of Yamanokami to pray. And oh wonder, from a far-away mountain, where a lumberjack had cut a sugi 杉 cedar tree, there came the spit flowing through the air, hitting the throat of the child and with this hit, the coin fell out and the child was saved.
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. umeboshi 梅干と伝説 Legends about dried pickled plums .
Yamanokami does not like Umeboshi, so people should not bring them to the mountain forest.

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- reference source : nichibun yokai database -

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. Legends about Yamanokami 山の神と伝説 .

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. Yama no Kami 山の神 - Table of Contents - .

. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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sangaku shinkoo 山岳信仰 religion of the High Mountains is a different matter.

. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .

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