24/09/2017

funadama funatama boat deity

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. Shinto Shrines (jinja 神社) - Introduction .
. kami 神 Shinto deities .
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funadama 船玉 / 船霊 / 船魂 guardian deity of a boat
funadama san 船玉さん / フナダマサン / funatama フナタマ




the Goddess of the ocean, widely worshipped by Japanese fishermen. Her shrines are niches made in the masts of ships where many items are kept. She grants good catches!
Suijin, a water Goddess, often has shrines at lakes, ponds, springs and wells. She is sometimes said to take the form of fish or large, sometimes white, snakes. Women play a key role in her worship and a few large shrines (Suitengu in Tokyo, for example) are primarily focused on helping pregnant women deliver safely.

In the original Japanese Shinto Religion, there are many versions of a God of Water, which shows how important water is to a rice planting agricultural society.

Here are just a few, this will be subject to further checking.

市杵嶋姫神 いちきしまひめのかみ Ichiki Shima Hime no Kami
闇淤加美神 くらおかみのかみ。水の神・龍神様。Kurao Kami no Kami, Kura Okami Dragon Deity
高淤加美神 たかおかみのかみ。水の神・龍神様。Takao Kami no Kami, Dragon Deity (淤加美神 Okami no Kami)
宗像の神 むなかたのかみ。海上交通の神様。水の神様。Munakata no Kami
罔象女神 みづはのめのかみ。水を司る神。雨乞いの神。Mizuha no Me no Kami
http://www.bfortune.net/spirit/zinzya/kami/
source to read : (Records of Ancient Matters)


. Mizuhanome 水速女命 Female Deity of Water .

. Munakata no Kami 宗像の神 - The Munakata Shinto Belief .
Shrine Munakata Taisha (宗像大社), Fukuoka
Ichikishima Hime-no-Kami (市杵島姫神)

. Suijin sama 水神様 Mizu no Kamisama 水の神様 .

. Ryuujin 龍神, 竜神 Ryujin, the Dragon God .

. kainan 海難 shipwrecked from a typhoon 台風 .




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“Sea Theologies: Elements for a Conceptualization of Maritime Religiosity in Japan”
Fabio Rambelli
A glaring blind-spot in Japanese religious studies is the lack of attention dedicated to conceptual (and theological) elements in sea-based beliefs and practices. As a consequence, we know very little about the theology of the sea and sea deities dwelling in the abyss. This talk will focus on three different aspects of sea-related cults: the role of the sea in the Nakatomi no harae great purification ritual, the status of treasure ships (takarabune), and the nature of boat spirits (funadama). These three elements are normally treated separately, and are not explored in their theological and philosophical implications, but the talk will show that, when combined, they offer a unique perspective on Japanese maritime religiosity as it was practiced and imagined by different agents and groups: fishing communities (as in the case of funadama), ritual specialists and intellectuals (in the commentaries on the Nakatomi no harae), and larger communities (as in the images of takarabune associated with widespread cults of the seven gods of good fortune or shichifukujin). It will be argued that these three elements function as semiotic shifters−representations and agents of change, transformation, and movement, all features of maritime religiosity.
- - - - - Lecture in Kyoto, May 30, 2017
- source : zinbun.kyoto-u.ac.jp/institute ... -


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funadama sama 船霊さま amulets for Funadama
funadama 船霊は「船玉、船魂」



The one's from Chiba are top left.
Top right are from Shizuoka, bottom left from Wakayama (mamoribina 守り雛), bottom right from Okayama.

They are a pair of hina dolls made from paper.
They are an amulet to protect the boatsmen.

. Folk Toys from Chiba .


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. Funadama Jinja 船魂神社 - Hakodate, Hokkaido
and 波分不動明王 Namiwake Fudo Myo-O 

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Funadama Jinja 船玉神社
神奈川県藤沢市大鋸 / Daigiri, Fujisawa, Kanagawa

- - - - - Deity in residence - - - - -
弟橘姫命 Oto Tachibanahime no Mikoto

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shuin 朱印 stamp


omamori お守り amulets
諸願成就、水難除け、海上・交通安全、旅行安全 for safety at sea and on the road, and when traveling

The main festival is on May 15.

- - - - - HP of the Shrine
- source : buccyake-kojiki.com/archives -

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船玉神社 Funatama Jinja
大阪府大阪市住吉区住吉 Osaka, Sumiyoshi ward



- - - - - Deities in residence - - - - -
猿田彦神 Sarutahiko
天鳥船神 Amenotorifune no Kami (鳥之石楠船神 Torinoiwa Kusufune no Kami)

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shuin 朱印 stamp


- - - - - HP of the Shrine
- reference source : kamnavi.jp/en/settu/funatama... -

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Funadamaguu 船玉宮 Funadama Gu
福井県吉崎御坊 Fukui Yoshizaki Gobo
Yoshizaki-gobō was a temple in the town of Arawashi, Sakai District.
It is best known for its connection to Rennyo, the founder of the Ikkō sect of Buddhism.



As a protector deity, it has various names from Shinto and Buddhist background:
舟玉神 Funadama Shin /船玉宮 Funadama Gu / 船玉明神 Funadama Myojin / 船玉権現 Funadama Gongen
船玉菩薩 Funadama Bosatsu

「日本では船乗りたちの間で、古くから船の霊魂を祀る船玉信仰があり、江戸時代より船玉を具象化した人形・髪の毛賽・古銭等を船体に埋め込む造船儀礼が行われた。これと並んで船玉を神格化し舟玉神・船玉宮・船玉明神・船玉権現・船玉菩薩等と称して船の守護神、海上安全の海神として祀る信仰も顕著になったが、媽祖をこの舟玉神にあてようとする認識が当時の日本には存在した。
中略、越前では福井市近郊に天妃媽祖観世音菩薩を本尊とする補陀洛山普門寺があり、17世紀末に長崎から招来したという天妃観音像が現存する」
- reference source : Kazuo on facebok -


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Funadama matsuri 船玉祭 / 船玉まつり Festivals for Funadama
. . . CLICK here for Photos !


. Funadama matsuri 船玉祭 Festival of the Ship's Treasures
Maso Festival 媽祖祭 - Soofukuji 崇福寺 Temple Sofuku-Ji, Nagasaki


Hoodoosan Jinja 宝登山神社 Hodosan Jinja in Saitama, August 15.
This boat festival at Nagatoro 長瀞 dates back to the Tokugawa period. Travelers from Chichibu used to raft down to Edo and prayed at the shrine for safe passage along the Arakawa river.


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Funadama kofun 船玉古墳 Funatama burial mound
Ibaraki, Chikusei



鬼怒川の左岸の河岸段丘上に立地し、現況は、墳丘上に船玉神社が鎮座しています。この神社の参道、石段脇に横穴式石室が南面して開口しています。
横穴式石室は、羨道(せんどう)部、前室(ぜんしつ)、玄室(げんしつ)からなり、羨道部から玄室までの全長は約11.5mを測ります。石材は、雲母片岩の板石で、県下でも最大規模の巨石が用いられています。
- reference source : city.chikusei.lg.jp... -


. kofun jidai 古墳時代 burial mound period - 250 to 538 .

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. Shrine, Shinto Shrine (jinja 神社) - Introduction .

. kami 神 Shinto deities - ABC-LIST - .


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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

Funadama 船魂
The Funadama is an incarnation of 十一面観音 Juichimen Kannon with 11 Heads.
People put some femail hair in the box, two dice for the 双六 Sugoroku game and 45 coins of 大観通宝 Daikan Tsuho. The box is fastened under 帆柱 the main sail supporting mast.
The dice have to be placed carefully: 1 up, 6 down and 2 facing the inside of the boat.

. sugoroku 双六 Sugoroku board game .

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. Funadama and Umibozu 海坊主 legends .




.......................................................................  Ehime 愛媛県
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伊予郡 Iyo district 松前町 Masaki town

The Funadama deity dislikes 女、蛇、猪、猿、猫、味噌、ラッキョウ
women, serpents, wild boars, monkeys, cats, Miso paste and shallots.
So these words are not to be used on a boat.




....................................................................... Hiroshima 広島県

Funadama Sama 船魂様
The female Funadama Sama does not like just one woman in a boat. If a woman has to use it by herself, she usually keeps a doll to appease the Deity.
The box is fastened under the main sail supporting mast, see above.


Funatama 船霊
This Funatama likes gambling, so eight coins and a borad of the game 双六 Sugoroku are seen as its 神体 Divine Representation.
It does not like kuchinawa くちなわ serpents. Before something bad happens or sometimes a few days before that, it makes the sound チリンチリン chirin-chirin to announce the event.


....................................................................... Hokkaido 北海道
博知石町

bakuchi ishi 博知石 gambling stones
道路側にある岩の洞窟には博知石という石がある。この付近で難破する船が多かったので船魂様を勧請しようとして、石工の心得のある猟師の徳蔵に洞穴を掘るように頼んだが、勧請の前夜にここで猟師が博打をした。徳蔵は洞窟を冒涜されたことに憤慨し、洞窟の中で絶食して死んでしまった。この洞窟は不思議なことに年々地下に埋没していくのだという。



....................................................................... Kochi 高知県
宿毛市

船魂様 Funadama Sama
Funatade 船たで / 船タデ is a process of smoking out the bottom of a boat to make it stronger against rotting in the the sea water.
During this process, the Funadama Sama must be taken out.


- reference source : airnet.ne.jp/sakura/blocks_menu/conjyaku_06/bezaisen... -


. a legend from Ehime 愛媛県 about funatade 船たで .




....................................................................... Okayama 岡山県

Funadama sama 船霊様
Funadama sama is a female deity. She makes the sound チリンチリン chirin-chirin to announce a coming danger.
The carpenter who makes the ship also makes a sanctuary for Fudadama. He includes
サイコロ2個 12 dice and 銭12枚 12 coins, one for each month.
In danger of a shipwreck, the fishermen can knock at the door of the shrine various times for divine help.




....................................................................... Saga 佐賀県

Funatama no saezuri 船魂のサエズリ
When Funatama can be heard making a sound チュチュチュ chuchuchu it is a bad foreboding. The sound moves from the front to the stern. This sound is also called
"the twittering of the Funatama" 船魂さんのサエサス saesazu, 船魂さんがナカス Funatama san ga nakasu".



....................................................................... Shimane 島根県

Funadama San 船魂さん
If Funadama is in a good moot, a sound like リリン、リリン ririn ririn can be heard from the rudder.

Funatama 舟魂
In bad weather, when the boat is about to sink, Funatama walks around with the sound キョロキョロ kyoro-kyoro.
The captain then has to wash his face with salt water and grip the oar really strong.

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -
19 船玉 (01)
56 船霊 (00)
69 フナダマ (00)
- OK - フナタマ - 船魂 -

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船霊の白き波立ち十二月
funadama no shiroki namidatchi juunigatsu

the white waves
of the Funadama godess -
this december


Kawamura Sachiko 川村祥子

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