02/04/2021

katame no Kami legends

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. Shinto Shrines (jinja 神社) - Introduction .
. kami 神 Shinto deities .
. Japanese Legends - 伝説 民話 昔話 – ABC-List .
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katame no Kami 片目の神 Kami with one eye - legends
These Kami lost one of their two eyes.



. Yama no Kami 山の神 has only one eye .
Amanomahitotsu no kami 天目一箇神 / Amatsumara 天津麻羅
- - - - - "the one-eyed kami of heaven"


. Yama no Kami and Jūni sama 十二様 Juni Sama .
hitotsu manako ヒトツマナコ "one eye"
Once the deity of 十二神社 the Shrine Juni Jinja, Yamanokami, fell down in a field of garlic and lost one leg,
looked at the ears of wheat and lost one eye.
So he is now known as 片目片足の神様 the Deity with one Eye and one Leg.
. komugi 小麦と伝説 Legends about wheat .

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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .


....................................................................... Mie 三重県 .....
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桑名市 Kuwana city // 隻眼 sekigan

katame no sakana 片目の魚 fish with one eye
In the pond of the Shinto Shrine, there are 隻眼の魚 fish with one eye.
They had a fight with the sojin 祖神 ancestors and lost one eye as punishment.
. katame no buna 片目の鮒 crucian carp with one eye .




....................................................................... Nagano .....
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南佐久郡 Minami-Saku district 川上町 Kawakami town

. Ujigami, Ubusuna 氏神 clan deity .
In Iikura 居倉 when the Ujigami 氏神 clan deity descendet for a visit, it hit his eye at a hooki no ki 箒の木 summer cypress (broom cypress). Therefore the villagers do not make brooms.
. hooki 箒 / ほうき Hoki, broom, Besen .
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In Azusayama 梓山 when the Ujigami 氏神 clan deity descendet for a visit, he entangled his legs in 山藤の蔓 the wisteria wine and hurt his eye with kuri 栗 chestnuts.
Therefore the villagers do not plant wisteria or chestnuts. Even if they do, the plants wither.
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When the Ujigami 氏神 clan deity of the Kobayashi family descendet for a visit, he hurt one eye with a kyuuri きゅうり cucumber.
Therefore the villagers do not plant cucumbers.

go shintai 御神体 Go-Shintai, Shintai object of Shinto worship
Go-Shintai should not be looked at. Is someone does, he will lose his eyesight.




....................................................................... Niigata 新潟県 .....
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糸魚川市 Itoigawa city

. Sanno 山王 the "Mountain King" .
He is Ujigami 氏神 the clan deity venerated at 日吉神社 the Shrine Hiyoshi Jinja. He often goes out at night to look after the water and check the growth of uri 瓜 water melons.
One evening a dog howled at him and he fled. He slipped on the cow dung and hurt his eye on a gomagara ゴマガラ sesame plant.
He now had only one eye and the villagers never plant sesame any more.

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Niigata 成願寺町 Joganji town

. Yama no Kami and Jūni sama 十二様 Juni Sama .

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Niigata 柏崎市 Kashiwazaki city

Shrine Kasuga no Yashiro 春日社

The deity at the Shrine Kasuga no Yashiro has only one eye.
When he descendet for a visit, he entangled his legs in fuji 藤 the wisteria wine and hurt his eye with goma ゴマ sesame.
The villgers cut off all the wisteria and do not grow sesame any more.

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Niigata 長岡市 Nagaoka city // 栃尾市 Tochio city

. Suwa Jinja 諏訪神社 Suwa Shrine .

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Niigata 古志郡 Koshi district 山古志村 Yamakoshi village
and the villages
東蒲原郡 三川村 // 北魚沼郡 湯之谷村 // 東頸城郡 安塚町

The chinju sama 鎮守様 guardian deity of the village once hurt his eye with goma ゴマ sesame.
Now the villagers never plant sesame any more.
This tale is known in many towns and villages.

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Niigata 中頚城郡 Nakakubiki district 清里村 Kiyosato village

If people plant goma ゴマ sesame, their eyes will go bad, so they do not plant it.
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Niigata 魚沼市 Uonuma city

katame no kamisama 片目の神様 Kami with one eye
Suwa Sama 諏訪様 The deity of the Suwa Shrine once had a bout of Sumo wrestling in a field of goma ゴマ sesame. 
The shells of the sesame pierced its eyes and it became a deity with one eye.

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- reference : nichibun yokai database -

新潟県史 資料編22
片目の神様(長野県南佐久郡川上村) / 清水市之

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- quote -
Sekigan 隻眼(せきがん)もしくは Dokugan 独眼(どくがん)は、
片側の目そのものや視力を失った身体障害の状態をいう。病気(腫瘍など)の内因の他、事故や戦闘中の負傷など外因、奇形による先天的な要因の場合もある。外因により視力を失った際、多くは反対側の眼にも失明を及ぼすため、片目を喪失した者のうちで隻眼となるのは多数ではない。失った目が、右目でも左目でも同じように呼ばれる。
目が失われたために義眼を入れたり、眼帯などで隠し、自らの威厳の誇示を兼ねることがある。「隻」とは「対になっている物の片方」を数えるときに用いる助数詞である。
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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- #katamenokami #kamioneeye #oneeye #einauge -
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